• Diagram of brains of vertebrates
    Diagram of brains of vertebrates
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj vertebrate having a backbone or spinal column "fishes and amphibians and reptiles and birds and mammals are verbetrate animals"
    • n vertebrate animals having a bony or cartilaginous skeleton with a segmented spinal column and a large brain enclosed in a skull or cranium
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Vertebrate (Bot) Contracted at intervals, so as to resemble the spine in animals.
    • Vertebrate (Anat) Having a backbone, or vertebral column, containing the spinal marrow, as man, quadrupeds, birds, amphibia, and fishes.
    • Vertebrate (Zoöl) Having movable joints resembling vertebræ; -- said of the arms of ophiurans.
    • Vertebrate (Zoöl) Of or pertaining to the Vertebrata; -- used only in the form vertebrate.
    • n Vertebrate (Zoöl) One of the Vertebrata.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • vertebrate Having vertebræ; characterized by the possession of a spinal column; backboned; in a wider sense, having a notochord, or chorda dorsalis; chordate; specifically, of or pertaining to the Vertebrata. Also vertebrated, and (rarely) vertebral.
    • vertebrate Same as vertebral: as, a vertebrate theory of the skull.
    • vertebrate In botany, contracted at intervals, like the vertebral column of animals, there being an articulation at each contraction, as in some leaves.
    • n vertebrate A vertebrated animal; any member of the Vertebrata, or, more broadly, of the Chordata: as, ascidians are supposed to be vertebrates.
    • vertebrate To make a vertebrate of; give a backbone to; hence, figuratively, to give firmness or resolution to.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Vertebrate an animal having an internal skeleton with a backbone
    • adjs Vertebrate furnished with joints: having a backbone
    • ***


  • Gilbert K. Chesterton
    “Brave men are all vertebrates; they have their softness on the surface and their toughness in the middle.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. vertebratus,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—vertĕre, to turn.


In literature:

Sailors are a very low tribe of vertebrate.
"Biltmore Oswald" by J. Thorne Smith, Jr.
A vertebral column; 2.
"Lay Sermons, Addresses and Reviews" by Thomas Henry Huxley
Let us take, for instance, the great order of vertebrate animals.
"The Relations Between Religion and Science" by Frederick, Lord Bishop of Exeter
The vertebrates are classified as fresh and salt-water fish, and they contain both white and dark meat.
"Mrs. Wilson's Cook Book" by Mary A. Wilson
Portal taught human anatomy, while Mertrude lectured on vertebrate anatomy; his chair was filled by Cuvier in 1795.
"Lamarck, the Founder of Evolution" by Alpheus Spring Packard
This is a wonderful contrast to the fixity of position of vertebrate limbs generally.
"On the Genesis of Species" by St. George Mivart
But I mustn't be too long, a- keeping you too, sir, under the vertebral rays of an Australian sun.
"Frank Oldfield" by T.P. Wilson
And even when he is marked off as a Vertebrate, it cannot be said whether he is to be a fish, a reptile, a bird, or a beast.
"Darwin, and After Darwin (Vol. 1 and 3, of 3)" by George John Romanes
The vertebrated sub-kingdom has, as far as yet known, no representative in these lowest beds.
"The Origin of the World According to Revelation and Science" by John William Dawson
Vertebrate embryos of a common type, at their origin, assume successively a number of common forms before definitely differentiating.
"Degeneracy" by Eugene S. Talbot

In news:

Thomas Jefferson read a scientific paper in 1797 that's considered the first American contribution to vertebrate paleontology .
Zebrafish, like many other vertebrates, are able to regenerate a variety of body tissues, including their brains.
The animals not only share about 80% of their genetic make-up with humans, but in their immature forms as tadpoles, they also resemble vertebrates.
No modern land-lubbing vertebrate has more than that, a consistent pattern that has long puzzled biologists.
The pain and disability caused by osteoporotic vertebral fractures have long motivated the search for effective therapy.
The worlds smallest vertebrate is a recently discovered frog measuring just 0.3 inches long.
Biodiversity researchers warn that 20 percent of vertebrate species are threatened with extinction, largely because of human damage to habitats.
9, 2008) In the coastal forests of Northern California, the most abundant vertebrates are amphibians such as salamanders and frogs.
Chiropractors dispute this claim, but studies have shown that patients with vertebral tears are much more likely to have recently visited a chiropractor .
GPS technology has revolutionized the study of vertebrates like whales, birds and monkeys, allowing scientists to learn more about the animals' behaviors and sometimes-lengthy migrations.
Testosterone, a steroid hormone, is associated with reproductive behavior in male vertebrates.
It's called the Instant Vertebral Assessment test or IVA and unlike other bone density tests, it shows doctors all of the tiny fractures that go unnoticed.
Mid-Mesozoic Flea-like Ectoparasites of Feathered or Haired Vertebrates.
(2) excessive new bone formation occurring around tumor cell deposits, resulting in low bone strength and potential vertebral collapse.
Fatherless boa litters extend the realm of parthenogenic vertebrates.

In science:

The kinocilium (KC) is present in the hair bundles on non-mammalian vertebrates and contains an axoneme.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Non-mammalian vertebrates do not possess outer hair-cells.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Finally, the hair bundles of non-mammalian vertebrates contain in addition to many stereocilia a single cilium which contains an axoneme.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Despite its considerable cost, sexual reproduction it is still by far the most frequent mode of reproduction in vertebrates.
A Testing Framework for P Systems
Asexual reproduction has only been described in less than 0.1% of vertebrate species.
A Testing Framework for P Systems