• WordNet 3.6
    • adj turbulent (of a liquid) agitated vigorously; in a state of turbulence "the river's roiling current","turbulent rapids"
    • adj turbulent characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination "effects of the struggle will be violent and disruptive","riotous times","these troubled areas","the tumultuous years of his administration","a turbulent and unruly childhood"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Turbulent Disposed to insubordination and disorder; restless; unquiet; refractory; as, turbulent spirits. "Sagacious, bold, and turbulent of wit."
    • Turbulent Disturbed; agitated; tumultuous; roused to violent commotion; as, the turbulent ocean. "Calm region once,
      And full of peace, now tossed and turbulent ."
    • Turbulent Producing commotion; disturbing; exciting. "Whose heads that turbulent liquor fills with fumes."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • turbulent Disturbed; agitated; tumultuous; being in violent commotion: as, the turbulent ocean.
    • turbulent Restless; unquiet; refractory; disposed to insubordination and disorder; hence, violent; tumultuous; riotous; disorderly.
    • turbulent Producing commotion or agitation; inducing turbulence.
    • turbulent Synonyms and Obstreperous, uproarious, brawling; seditious, mutinous, revolutionary.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Turbulent tur′bū-lent tumultuous, disturbed: in violent commotion: disposed to disorder: restless: producing commotion
    • ***


  • Robert Burns
    “I pick my favorite quotation and store them in my mind as ready armor, offensive or defensive, amid the struggle of this turbulent existence.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. turbulentus, fr. turba, disorder, tumult: cf. F. turbulent,. See Turbid
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. turbulentusturba, a crowd.


In literature:

Randal felt that he could not secure her aid, except by working on a passion so turbulent as to confound her judgment.
"My Novel, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Now people talk of democracy as being coarse and turbulent: it is a self-evident error in mere history.
"Tremendous Trifles" by G. K. Chesterton
In turbulent times of upheaval or transition low characters always come to the front everywhere.
"The Possessed" by Fyodor Dostoevsky
It proved rather turbulent than effective.
"Marse Henry, Complete" by Henry Watterson
Shorter and slighter, but more turbulent than his brother, he had been a carpenter by trade.
"Rome From the "Three Cities"" by Emile Zola
Shorter and slighter, but more turbulent than his brother, he had been a carpenter by trade.
"The Three Cities Trilogy, Complete Lourdes, Rome and Paris" by Emile Zola
They are a warlike and turbulent people.
"The Story of the Malakand Field Force" by Sir Winston S. Churchill
Then Olaf looked around upon the wide turbulent sea and counted his ships.
"Olaf the Glorious" by Robert Leighton
A great belching of bubbles wallowed up through the turbulent sea as a sign that the torpedo was launched.
"The Cruise of the Dry Dock" by T. S. Stribling
Why so soon didst thou sing, And with such turbulence of love and hate?
"Georgian Poetry 1918-19" by Various

In poetry:

Ah, many-voiced and angry! how the waves
Beat turbulent with terrible uproar!
Is there no rest from tossing, — no repose?
Where shall we find a haven and a shore?
"Consolation" by Harriet Beecher Stowe
The song must close.—Once more my adverse lot
Leads me reluctant from this cherish'd spot:
Again compels to plunge in busy life,
And brave the hateful turbulence of strife.
"Childhood" by Henry Kirke White
The worlds are breaking in my head
Their fragments are crumbs of despair
The food of the solitary damned
Who await the gross tumult of turbulent
Days bringing change without end.
"Yves Tanguy" by David Gascoyne
Love, can you see, as I,
The corpses, ghosts and demons mingled with the crowd?
The djinns that men have freed, grown turbulent and proud?
Alastor, Asmodai?
And all-unheeded envoys from the stars on high?
"Interrogation" by Clark Ashton Smith
You were always too ready to fire at a touch;
But we said, "She is hasty,— she does not mean much."
We have scowled, when you uttered some turbulent threat;
But Friendship still whispered, "Forgive and forget!"
"Brother Jonathan's Lament for Sister Caroline" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
O harp of the winds singing above the dead,
O rush of wings over the turbulent deep,
Pray for the spirits uncompanioned,
The dreams returned into oblivion,
The men drifting far from the stars and sun,
Lost in a lonely night and a loveless sleep.
"XXVII. "About the headlands and the rocky shoals"" by Robert Silliman Hillyer

In news:

Onshore wind converter market to encounter turbulence.
Hubble's panoramic view of a turbulent star-making region.
Turbulence can be unnerving and even downright dangerous.
Alan Greenspan on financial turbulence.
A report by The Conference Board of Canada tells airlines to expect turbulence.
Open markets stabilized turbulent year.
Lyman, who as president of Stanford in the 1970s shepherded the university through an era of political turbulence, died on Sunday at his home in Palo Alto, Calif He was 88.
"Can you ask the captain to stop the turbulence".
Every year turbulence injures dozens of passengers, and in numerous cases has killed adults and children alike.
Of, relating to, or resembling a tempest: turbulent, stormy.
The reading from Isaiah reminds us that the world is a turbulent and unsettling place.
After a rocky year, there's more turbulence ahead for Zoe Cruz.
Turbulent Descent, unbeaten in two starts, faces a field that includes grade I winner.
Steve Aoki, post 'Turbulence'.

In science:

Nagata, K., Suzuki, H., Sakai, Y., Hayase, T. & Kubo, T. 2008a Direct numerical simulation of turbulent mixing in grid-generated turbulence.
Dependence of decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence on initial conditions
In the case of a zero-curvature flame, with a non-Markovian parabolic model for turbulent dispersion, the formulation yields the Zimont equation extended to all elapsed times and fully determined by turbulence characteristics.
Lagrangian formulation of turbulent premixed combustion
It was found that the classic cascade picture for passive scalars in incompressible turbulence is generally valid also for mixing in supersonic turbulent flows.
The Pollution of Pristine Material in Compressible Turbulence
The effect of compressible modes in supersonic turbulence and their modifications to the classic picture for passive scalar turbulence were examined by analyzing the Mach number dependence of the scalar statistics.
The Pollution of Pristine Material in Compressible Turbulence
Numerical solvers of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations have reproduced turbulence phenomena such as the law of the wall, the dependence of turbulence intensities on the Reynolds number, and experimentally observed properties of turbulence energy production.
Navier-Stokes solver using Green's functions I: channel flow and plane Couette flow