• WordNet 3.6
    • v temper restrain
    • v temper make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate "she tempered her criticism"
    • v temper adjust the pitch (of pianos)
    • v temper harden by reheating and cooling in oil "temper steel"
    • v temper bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling "temper glass"
    • n temper a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger "his temper was well known to all his employees"
    • n temper the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking
    • n temper a sudden outburst of anger "his temper sparked like damp firewood"
    • n temper a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling "whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time","he was in a bad humor"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A pump with a 'Temperance' banner forms a letter R A pump with a 'Temperance' banner forms a letter R
Tempering in oil bath Tempering in oil bath
Lost temper Lost temper

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The seven virtues are prudence, courage, temperance, justice, faith, hope and charity.
    • Temper Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as, to keep one's temper . "To fall with dignity, with temper rise.""Restore yourselves to your tempers , fathers."
    • Temper Constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy. "The exquisiteness of his [Christ's] bodily temper increased the exquisiteness of his torment."
    • Temper Disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind, particularly with regard to the passions and affections; as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a fretful temper. "Remember with what mild
      And gracious temper he both heared and judged."
      "The consequents of a certain ethical temper ."
    • Temper Heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; -- in a reproachful sense.
    • Temper Middle state or course; mean; medium. "The perfect lawgiver is a just temper between the mere man of theory, who can see nothing but general principles, and the mere man of business, who can see nothing but particular circumstances."
    • Temper (Sugar Works) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
    • Temper The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel.
    • Temper The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar.
    • Temper To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity.
    • Temper (Mus) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
    • Temper (Metal) To bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to temper iron or steel. "The tempered metals clash, and yield a silver sound."
    • Temper To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate. "Thy sustenance . . . serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man's liking."
    • Temper To govern; to manage. "With which the damned ghosts he governeth,
      And furies rules, and Tartare tempereth ."
    • Temper To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable. "I have him already tempering between my finger and my thumb, and shortly will I seal with him."
    • Temper To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm. "Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch indifference, that mercy itself could not have dictated a milder system.""Woman! lovely woman! nature made thee
      To temper man: we had been brutes without you."
      "But thy fire
      Shall be more tempered , and thy hope far higher."
      "She [the Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and clouds about her, that tempered the light into a thousand beautiful shades and colors."
    • Temper To moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • temper In leather-manufacturing, to apply to (hides) a process in which the hides, after they are practically finished, are dampened, covered in piles, and allowed to stand and season, the drier hides absorbing moisture from the damper ones, and vice versa.
    • n temper A metal or alloy added to another to produce certain physical properties; specifically, an alloy of one part of copper and two of tin to be added to pure tin to produce a fine grade of pewter; an alloy containing arsenic with lead sometimes added to the molten metal to give hardness to shot.
    • temper To modify by mixing; mix; blend; combine; compound.
    • temper To combine in due proportions; constitute; adjust; fit.
    • temper To moisten, mix, and work up into proper consistency; prepare by moistening, mixing, or kneading.
    • temper To modify or qualify by blending: as, to temper indignation with pity.
    • temper Hence To restrain; moderate; mitigate; soften; tone down the violence, severity, or harshness of; mollify; soothe; calm.
    • temper In music, to tune or adjust the pitch of (the tones of an instrument of fixed intonation, like an organ or pianoforte), with reference to a selected principle of tuning. The term is also extended to the tones and intervals of the voice and of instruments of free intonation. See temperament.
    • temper To attune.
    • temper To govern; control; regulate; train.
    • temper To bring to a proper degree of hardness and elasticity for use, as steel or other metal. Steel is tempered by being first heated to a high temperature, and then rapidly cooled; it is then reheated to the desired temperature, and cooled again. The surface of steel when thus reheated undergoes a regular succession of changes of color, and these indicate exactly when the process is to be stopped in order that the right hardness may be secured. The following table exhibits the order of succession of the colors shown by the steel in tempering, also the degree of the thermometer at which that color appears, and some of the articles for which that especial hardness is best suited:
    • temper To dispose.
    • temper To accord; keep agreement.
    • temper To become soft and plastic; be molded; acquire a desired quality or state.
    • n temper Mixture or combination of different ingredients or qualities, especially in the way and the proportions best suited for some specific purpose: as, the temper of mortar.
    • n temper Constitution; consistency; form; definite state or condition.
    • n temper Temperament.
    • n temper Disposition of mind; frame of mind; inclination; humor; mood: as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a sullen or a fretful temper.
    • n temper Calmness of mind; temperateness; moderation; self-restraint; tranquillity; good temper.
    • n temper Heat of mind or passion; irritation; disposition to give way to anger, resentment, or the like: as, he showed a great deal of temper.
    • n temper Middle character or course; mean or medium; compromise.
    • n temper The state of a metal, particularly as to its hardness and elasticity: as, the temper of iron or steel.
    • n temper In sugar-works, white lime or other alkaline substance stirred into a clarifier filled with cane-juice, to neutralize the excess of acid.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Temper tem′pėr to mix in due proportion: to modify by blending or mixture: to moderate: to soften: to bring to a proper degree of hardness and elasticity, as steel: to amend or adjust, as a false or imperfect concord
    • n Temper due mixture or balance or different or contrary qualities: state of a metal as to hardness, &c.: constitution of the body: constitutional frame or state of mind, esp. with regard to feelings, disposition, temperament, mood: passion, irritation: calmness or moderation: in sugar-works lime or other substance used to neutralise the acidity of cane-juice
    • ***


  • Sir James M. Barrie
    “Temper is a weapon that we hold by the blade.”
  • Baltasar Gracian
    “Never do anything when you are in a temper, for you will do everything wrong.”
  • Burton
    “Temperance is a bridle of gold.”
  • Alexander Pope
    “Health consists with temperance alone.”
  • Jawaharlal Nehru
    “A theory must be tempered with reality.”
  • Frank Moore Colby
    “Many people lose their tempers merely from seeing you keep yours.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. temprian, or OF. temper, F. tempérer, and (in sense 3temper, L. temperare, akin to tempus, time. Cf. Temporal Distemper Tamper


In literature:

The spirit of courage will transform the whole temper of your life.
"Architects of Fate" by Orison Swett Marden
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" by Catherine Esther Beecher
It was thus that his temper storms always ended.
"The Forbidden Trail" by Honoré Willsie
Benton truly says that Van Buren's temper and judgment were both against it.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
I felt a pang of sympathy for the poor, big, bad-tempered man riding homeward after his defeat.
"The Lady of the Basement Flat" by Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
The temper of the Puritan indeed was no temper of mere revolt.
"History of the English People, Volume V (of 8)" by John Richard Green
But his temper was not of the sweetest, just then; he spoke forcedly.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
Caroline says the woman entirely lost her temper and made an exhibition of herself.
"A True Friend" by Adeline Sergeant
I suppose a constituency might be found somewhere which would value a man with a good temper and a little money to spare.
"Lalage's Lovers" by George A. Birmingham
He was of an extremely placid and happy temper.
"The King's Mirror" by Anthony Hope

In poetry:

Thou, at the world-loom
Weaving thy future,
Fitly may'st temper
Toil with delight.
"England My Mother" by William Watson
We've raised the Temperance banner,
Our bark is on the wing.
May favoring breezes fan her,
We merrily, merrily sing
"Away With Melancholy" by John Pierpont
Let grace forgive and love forget
My base, my vile apostasy;
And temper thy deserved hate
With love and mercy towards me.
"The Believer's Soliloquy; Especially in Times of Desertion, Temptation, Affliction, &c." by Ralph Erskine
And in the temperate sun we feel no fear;
Of all the hours which shall be and have been,
It is the briefest as it is most dear,
It is the dearest as the shortest seen.
"On the Wye in May" by Amy Levy
So dear my Lucio is to me,
So well our minds and tempers blend,
That seasons may for ever flee,
And ne'er divide me from my friend;
But let the favour'd boy forbear
To tempt with love my only fair.
"Ode - So dear my Lucio is to me" by William Shenstone
Of all the causes East or West
I love the Temperance Cause the best—
I love its cheerful greetings:
No joys on earth can e'er be found,
Like those pure pleasures which abound
At Washingtonian meetings.
"Washingtonian Song" by John Pierpont

In news:

Report card score tempered by financial forecast .
Tempers now flaring up at Sonoma race.
Ghost Hunting at Harriman 's Temperance Building.
Related Stories for Ghost Hunting at Harriman 's Temperance Building.
All well-conceived capital improvement plans are necessarily tempered by fiscal realities that demand a rigorous evaluation and prioritization of candidate projects.
An Erratic Irabu Loses His Temper and the Game.
In Iran, a Moment to Temper 'Realism'.
Tempers flare over speeding tickets.
It's 2 pm on a temperate Monday when we stopped by the gallery in Far-West Chelsea where Jeremy Kost's latest exhibition will debut.
This Week in Mohawk Valley History: Temperance for soldiers.
Temperance Is The Name Of This Game.
The campaign for temperance in McLennan County.
Fifty-year snowfall on ' temperate ' Coast.
Temperate Letter of the Day.
Make room for bamboo in NJ's temperate zones.

In science:

Parisi, Simulated tempering: a new Monte Carlo scheme, Europhys.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
In general, the kernels of Vnd are tempered distributions.
An Algebraic Formulation of Quantum Decoherence
So our result in particular implies convergence-statements in the sense of tempered distributions.
Universal bounds on the selfaveraging of random diffraction measures
The Fourier-transform of a tempered distribution is then defined by duality.
Universal bounds on the selfaveraging of random diffraction measures
Moreover, using results of [L5], we determine which representations are tempered or square integrable.
Classification of unipotent representations of simple p-adic groups,II