surrogate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj surrogate providing or receiving nurture or parental care though not related by blood or legal ties "foster parent","foster child","foster home","surrogate father"
    • n surrogate a person appointed to represent or act on behalf of others
    • n surrogate someone who takes the place of another person
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Surrogate a surrogate mother.
    • Surrogate A deputy; a delegate; a substitute.
    • Surrogate In some States of the United States, an officer who presides over the probate of wills and testaments and yield the settlement of estates.
    • Surrogate The deputy of an ecclesiastical judge, most commonly of a bishop or his chancellor, especially a deputy who grants marriage licenses.
    • v. t Surrogate To put in the place of another; to substitute.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • surrogate To put in the place of another; substitute.
    • n surrogate In a general sense, a substitute; a person appointed or deputed to act for another, particularly the deputy of an ecclesiastical judge, most commonly of a bishop or his chancellor.
    • n surrogate In the State of New York, a judge having jurisdiction over the probate of wills and the administration of estates.
    • n surrogate Something that is substituted for another thing; something employed to serve the purpose or perform the functions of another.
    • n surrogate Specifically, a substance used in industrial chemistry instead of some other of more or less similar properties and usually of greater value. Thus the product of the action of sulphur on colza-oil is sometimes used as a ‘rubber surrogate’ to mix with genuine vulcanized india-rubber.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Surrogate sur′rō-gāt a substitute: the deputy of an ecclesiastical judge
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. surrogatus, p. p. of surrogare, subrogare, to put in another's place, to substitute; sub, under + rogare, to ask, ask for a vote, propose a law. See Rogation, and cf. Subrogate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. surrogāre, ātumsub, in the place of, rogāre, to ask.

Usage

In literature:

Come with me to-night, and go with me to-morrow to the surrogate's.
"Far from the Madding Crowd" by Thomas Hardy
The clerkship of the Surrogate Court was soon to be filled by election.
"Mark Twain, A Biography, 1835-1910, Complete" by Albert Bigelow Paine
Still, it was a surrogate family nonetheless succumbing to an infinite current of darkness to which they all had understanding.
"Corpus of a Siam Mosquito" by Steven Sills
Our stores of weapons and ammunition, as well as our subsidies to the warlike Masai, might be reckoned as a surrogate for a military budget.
"Freeland" by Theodor Hertzka
They are procured from Doctors' Commons, or from any surrogate, at the cost of about L2 10s.
"Enquire Within Upon Everything" by Anonymous
Wilson, M.A., is the Rector and Surrogate, and the living (value L400) is in the gift of the Birmingham Trust.
"Showell's Dictionary of Birmingham" by Thomas T. Harman and Walter Showell
He or his surrogate was slain, while his bodily force was unabated, in order that it might be passed on undiminished to his successor.
"The Religion of the Ancient Celts" by J. A. MacCulloch
In counties having more than 40,000 inhabitants, a separate officer may be chosen as surrogate.
"The Government Class Book" by Andrew W. Young
Why shouldn't Tickler be a super-ego surrogate?
"The Creature from Cleveland Depths" by Fritz Reuter Leiber
Robert C. Hutchings, afterwards Surrogate, conducted the prosecution.
"Danger! A True History of a Great City's Wiles and Temptations" by William Howe
***

In news:

Romney, Obama Surrogates Clash Over Military Strategy.
Why is it that Joe Biden is the only national campaign surrogate who's never expected to put together an appropriate sentence.
Here's Maryland Governor (and Obama surrogate) Martin O'Malley's take.
Giuliana and Bill Rancic's struggle to have a child has made them appreciate absolutely every moment with their 2-week old son, Edward Duke, who was born via a surrogate.
Surrogate support has been very visible in this campaign.
Memo circulated to top Republican leaders, surrogates in media.
Mitt Romney and Barack Obama, along with surrogates too numerous to count, constantly accuse each other of not having a specific plan to guide the nation back to prosperity.
But as this WaPo article makes clear, Iran has the capability to uses its terrorist surrogates to hit America back, and hard.
Surrogate Keeps Baby, Would-Be Parents Must Pay $785 Monthly.
What is interesting about this is not the fact that they had another baby, but rather the fact she was born via a surrogate and nobody knew.
Latina legislator in battleground Nevada is busy surrogate for Obama.
The Center for Surrogate Parenting, the States, laws on surrogacy vary from state are born via surrogacy each year, but to gestational surrogacy , according to pregnancies as a surrogate , Hawkins used one, she had in vitro fertilization.
Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban have added a second daughter to their family, born through a surrogate mother.
Jimi Hendrix's ' Surrogate Mother' Delores Hall Hamm Dies.
Researching an article on sex surrogates for the disabled, he decides to hire one to lose his virginity at the age of 38.
***

In science:

The validity of the results is checked by surrogate data tests and by some additional quantities.
Nonlinear analysis of EAS clusters
At the moment, there is a variety of methods for generating surrogate data.
Nonlinear analysis of EAS clusters
More easily accessible surrogates such as the X –r ay luminosity and temperature functions are therefore used in combination with scaling relations between the relevant quantities (e.g.
A Hubble Space Telescope Lensing Survey of X-ray Luminous Galaxy Clusters: IV. Mass, Structure and Thermodynamics of Cluster Cores at z=0.2
It is supposed to perform functions similar to that of a surrogate memory.
Human Information Processing with the Personal Memex
AWNGN and those of its FT surrogates were well separated.
Interpreting non-random signatures in biomedical signals with Lempel-Ziv complexity
***