surprisal

Definitions

  • "'This is a delightful surprise.'"
    "'This is a delightful surprise.'"
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n surprisal the act of surprising someone
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

THE CAMP.—A NIGHT SURPRISE THE CAMP.—A NIGHT SURPRISE
ANOTHER NIGHT SURPRISE AT CHOBHAM ANOTHER NIGHT SURPRISE AT CHOBHAM
THE COLONIAL SURPRISE-PARTY AT TRENTON THE COLONIAL SURPRISE-PARTY AT TRENTON
The Surprise 79 The Surprise 79
surprised at the time surprised at the time

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There are at least six universal facial expressions. They are: happiness, sadness, disgust, fear, anger and surprise
    • n Surprisal The act of surprising, or state of being surprised; surprise. "How to secure the lady from surprisal .""Because death is uncertain, let us prevent its surprisal ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: 27 percent of U.S. male college students believe life is "a meaningless existential hell." (big surprise, eh?)
    • n surprisal The act of surprising, or coming suddenly and unexpectedly, or the state of being surprised, or taken unawares; a surprise.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When Coca-Cola was invented, American tourists that visited Spain were surprised to see that Coke was three times as expensive as a glass of brandy
    • n Surprisal act of surprising
    • ***

Quotations

  • Marquis De Vauvenargues
    Marquis%20De%20Vauvenargues
    “Wicked people are always surprised to find ability in those that are good.”
  • Patrick Ewing
    Patrick Ewing
    “Everybody keeps telling me how surprised they are with what I've done. But I'm telling you honestly that it doesn't surprise me. I knew I could do it.”
  • Malcolm S. Forbes
    Malcolm%20S.%20Forbes
    “If you expect nothing, you're apt to be surprised. You'll get it.”
  • Henry Ford
    Henry%20Ford
    “One of the greatest discoveries a man makes, one of his great surprises, is to find he can do what he was afraid he couldn't do.”
  • David Hume
    David%20Hume
    “Nothing is more surprising than the easiness with which the many are governed by the few.”
  • Charles M. Schwab
    Charles%20M.%20Schwab
    “Lead the life that will make you kindly and friendly to everyone about you, and you will be surprised what a happy life you will lead.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Surprise (n.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—surpris, pa.p. of surprendre—L. super, over, prehendĕre, to catch.

Usage

In literature:

He listened for a while looking at my face with surprise and curiosity and then held up his hand.
"Chance" by Joseph Conrad
But when Janetta sang, Lady Caroline was, after all, rather surprised.
"A True Friend" by Adeline Sergeant
Gertrude is surprised and frightened.
"Floyd Grandon's Honor" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
The French, rushing on, surprised the fort, and put every Spaniard within it to the sword.
"In the Wilds of Florida" by W.H.G. Kingston
The whole interview had been such a surprise to him that he was hardly sure whether or not he had dreamed it all.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1896 to 1901" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Having been told this, I intended them to be a surprise for Mother Barberin.
"Nobody's Boy" by Hector Malot
A chorus of surprise greeted his ears, rendered in perfect time by the three female voices.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
When Arjen spoke, his voice provided another surprise.
"Fearful Symmetry" by Ann Wilson
Madame Bonanni slipped between the easels and pedestals with surprising ease and lightness, and made for the divan.
"Fair Margaret" by Francis Marion Crawford
Eustis Clark and his uncle could not conceal their surprise when they saw Luke follow Mr. Afton into the office.
"Luke Walton" by Horatio Alger
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In poetry:

All Care all Sorrow all Surprise
Fly from that World of peace
Where tears are wip'd from clouded Eyes
And Sighs for ever cease
"A Contemplation" by Anne Kingsmill Finch
Dead! he so great, and strong, and wise,
While the mean thousands yet drew breath;
How deepened, through that dread surprise,
The mystery and the awe of death!
"Rantoul" by John Greenleaf Whittier
"You are come,
My cousin Romney?—this is wonderful.
But all is wonder on such summer-nights;
And nothing should surprise us any more,
Who see that miracle of stars. Behold."
"Aurora Leigh: Book Eighth" by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
To come at swallow-time how wise!
When every bird has built a nest;
Now you may fold your wings and rest
And watch this new world with surprise;
A guest
For whom the earth has donned her best.
"To A May Baby" by Winifred Mary Letts
But I know if you had dreamed the truth
Your beautiful dark brown eyes
Would only have grown more gentle,
With a sorrowful surprise;
For a nobler and a kinder heart
Ne'er beat beneath the skies.
"The Lady Maud" by Marietta Holley
She is my Dearest, and I take
My burdens to her gentle breast,
All doubts that fill my waking hours,
All troubles that beset my rest:
Whate'er the griefs, her prayerful eyes
Shine with no shadow of surprise.
"My Dearest" by Anna Johnston MacManus

In news:

'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz,' by L. 20 banned books that may surprise you.
In May, a group of Arizona campers was surprised to have its campsite invaded by a rabid mountain lion.
Sunday should be full of surprises.
The news is almost all bad, but stable home prices and, surprise, soaring oil could herald a turnaround.
A bear and three cubs paid a surprise visit Wednesday to Issaquah Valley Elementary School, prompting administrators to put the building into lockdown.
When we went on a trip last week, my wife surprised me by booking us into a Bed and Breakfast, rather than an ordinary hotel.
What is surprising is when it causes children to feel embarrassed rather than scared.
It may surprise many of you to learn that I agree with much of what he wrote.
BELLOWS FALLS– In the biggest surprise of the weekend, the seventh ranked North Country field hockey team knocked off number two Bellows Falls (11-2) 1-0.
It came as little surprise to most people in the know that Buckeye Police Chief Dan Saban lost his recent defamation trial against Sheriff Joe Arpaio and company.
With new head coach Brady Hoke looking for a QB that projects in his pro-style system, it's no surprise the Wolverines offered Coney so early.
So most visitors are surprised when they walk inside.
One of the biggest surprises of the announcement that Gov Mitch Daniels would take over as Purdue University president in January was his pledge to stop campaigning and commenting on politics until then.
Shelton as surprised as anyone else by winning top honor.
Billie Jean King isn't surprised.
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In science:

Surprisingly, the eigenvalues of the transition matrix turn out to be real.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
Surprisingly, the right-hand side of (4.3) does not converge to zero.
Fluctuations of the free energy in the REM and the p-spin SK models
It is not too surprising as the equivalence transformations contain as many parameters as Hamiltonian.
Point particle in general background fields and generalized equivalence principle
We will prove the surprising result that we only need to search for one of two local operations to perform.
When Can You Fold a Map?
This exact solution leads to a rather surprising conclusion that the well-known BCS ratio 3.5 must be replaced by 4.
Understanding BCS Theory
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