• WordNet 3.6
    • adj surplus more than is needed, desired, or required "trying to lose excess weight","found some extra change lying on the dresser","yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant","skills made redundant by technological advance","sleeping in the spare room","supernumerary ornamentation","it was supererogatory of her to gloat","delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words","extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts","surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
    • n surplus a quantity much larger than is needed
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Surplus Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words. "When the price of corn falleth, men give over surplus tillage, and break no more ground."
    • Surplus Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
    • Surplus That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n surplus That which remains above what is used or needed; excess beyond what is prescribed or wanted; more than enough; overplus.
    • n surplus In law, the residuum of an estate after the debts and legacies are paid.
    • surplus Being above what is required; in excess: as, surplus labor; surplus population.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Surplus sur′plus the overplus: excess above what is required
    • ***


  • Harvey S. Firestone
    Harvey S. Firestone
    “A man with a surplus can control circumstances, but a man without a surplus is controlled by them, and often has no opportunity to exercise judgment.”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    “Dog. A kind of additional or subsidiary Deity designed to catch the overflow and surplus of the world's worship.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    “We estimate the wisdom of nations by seeing what they did with their surplus capital.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    “A person who is gifted sees the essential point and leaves the rest as surplus.”
  • Aneurin Bevan
    “Freedom is the by-product of economic surplus.”
  • Andrew Carnegie
    “Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. sur, over + plus, more. See Sur-, and Plus, and cf. Superplus
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr., from sur—L. super, over, plus, more.


In literature:

The older theory considered play simply the discharge of surplus nerve force in the animal's organism.
"The Story of the Mind" by James Mark Baldwin
The pressure between the two top rollers presses out any surplus water.
"The Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
Their surplus crops had no value save as they were produced within reach of navigable rivers.
"Expansion and Conflict" by William E. Dodd
But further, every family put its surplus of goods into the war-chest.
"Bulgaria" by Frank Fox
When the manufacturer has his bills paid and finds a surplus in the bank, that surplus is likely to be turned into speculation.
"Dollars and Sense" by Col. Wm. C. Hunter
This is the Marxian theory of surplus-value in a nutshell.
"Socialism" by John Spargo
It is not a surplus of wheat that the Russian peasant sends to Europe.
"The Conquest of Bread" by Peter Kropotkin
He began to invest all his surplus money in New York real estate.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 11 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
And out of the surplus that is left after securing food, we buy books.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8" by Elbert Hubbard
The surplus leaf is brushed off, leaving only the design visible.
"The Building of a Book" by Various

In poetry:

Lady of the surplus skirts,
Do not hold that pose. It hurts.
Tell us, what is your intent
Toward that distant Parliament?
"Lines to a Canberra Stamp" by C J Dennis
"Now when the rain comes, my waters roar,
And my spoils are sad to see,
For the earth-vaults where I kept my store,
Hold no surplus now for me.
"The Stream's Story" by Jared Barhite
THE MORAL is (or seems, at least,
To be): In etiquette you
Will find that while enough's a feast
A surplus will upset you.
Toujours, toujours la politesse, if
The quantity be not excessive.
"The Pampered Lapdog And The Misguided Ass" by Guy Wetmore Carryl
'Ere comes the clerk with 'is lantern an' keys
(Time, an 'igh time to be trekkin 'again!)
" Surplus of everything—draw what you please
"For the section, the pompom, an' six 'unrdred men."
"Columns" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

Small surplus reported in June replaced by $2.8 million deficit two months later.
They began by driving surplus Jeeps from World War II.
But its annual surplus fell for the fourth straight year.
Workers contend that it's unfair for the Port of Oakland to demand more concessions at time when the agency enjoys a financial surplus.
"Atomic Ed" Grothus at the Black Hole surplus story in Los Alamos , N.M.
There's a surplus, and we're feeling the effects.
Back in 1992, Worcester had a surplus of wreaths and a great idea about what to do with them.
DC officials change policy on charter schools' occupation of surplus buildings.
To its credit, the Stockton Town Board has decided to consider the Cassadaga Library as surplus property and put it up for bid.
The ideal auction process would enable you to sel lyour fleet assets individually as they become surplus, regardless of the time of day or year.
USPS pension surplus looks much smaller than originally thought.
With so many outfielders , the A's easily could trade some surplus.
The state had no budget deficit and a $1 billion surplus in 2011.
In the Surplus Record since 1998 Visit our Website:
Projected Post Office Pension Surplus Shrinks as Rates Fall.

In science:

In e+ e− annihilation at LEP, evidence for breaking of ‘jet universality’ and factorisation may have been found from excess η production—above JETSET expectations—at large momentum in three-jet events (glueball production or surplus iso-singlet hadrons?) while no anomaly is seen for π0 production.
QCD Effects in Hadronic Final States
The color-octet term in the gluon fragmentation to J/ψ(ψ ′ ) has been considered to explain the J/ψ(ψ ′ ) surplus problems discovered by CDF 2,3 .
Gluon fragmentation to $^3D_J$ quarkonium and test of color-octet production mechanism
The “surplus” of down spins drifts to the right and interacts with the electric field E = E ˆx as if there was an increase to the magnetic field: −(E vF/c)µ ˆz .
Spin Dynamics of a Fermi Liquid in an Electric Field
This surplus of the turbulence energy corresponds to the emission of a new particle.
Mechanical scenario for the reaction: neutron --> proton + electron + antineutrino
In this case, the surplus product of the agent is the same kind as the final surplus of all the other agents.
Division of Labor as the Result of Phase Transition