• WordNet 3.6
    • n surliness a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger "his temper was well known to all his employees"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Surliness The quality or state of being surly.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n surliness The state or character of being surly; gloomy moroseness; crabbed ill-nature.
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In literature:

Yes, but surliness might have provoked a point-blank question.
"The Secret Sharer" by Joseph Conrad
He made no friends, and though his surliness repelled us, he made few enemies.
"Andersonville, complete" by John McElroy
Even Percy Darrow saw the surliness of the men's attitudes, and with his usual good sense divined the cause.
"The Mystery" by Stewart Edward White and Samuel Hopkins Adams
They have nothing of the surliness of the Englishman.
"Travels through the South of France and the Interior of Provinces of Provence and Languedoc in the Years 1807 and 1808" by Lt-Col. Pinkney
His condition was outwardly manifested in the form of additional surliness.
"The Young Trawler" by R.M. Ballantyne
And in his modest and most interesting book he mentions the man's surliness and says he was glad to get rid of him at Circle.
"Ten Thousand Miles with a Dog Sled" by Hudson Stuck
Brock's brother was so often deprived of his legitimate spoils, that, while his surliness was increased, his bodily growth was checked.
"Creatures of the Night" by Alfred W. Rees
Only when the intercourse is too close and unremitted do we degenerate into surliness and invective.
"Shelley, Godwin and Their Circle" by H. N. Brailsford
Surliness in excess they might have, but dignity, not at all.
"The Rustler of Wind River" by G. W. Ogden
Spencer attributed his surliness to its true cause.
"The Silent Barrier" by Louis Tracy