• WordNet 3.6
    • v surcharge show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
    • v surcharge place too much a load on "don't overload the car"
    • v surcharge fill to an excessive degree "The air was surcharged with tension"
    • v surcharge print a new denomination on a stamp or a banknote
    • v surcharge fill to capacity with people "The air raids had surcharged the emergency wards"
    • v surcharge rip off; ask an unreasonable price
    • v surcharge charge an extra fee, as for a special service
    • n surcharge an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill)
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Surcharge (Railroads) A charge over the usual or legal rates.
    • Surcharge An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne. "A numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense."
    • Surcharge Something printed or written on a postage stamp to give it a new legal effect, as a new valuation, a place, a date, etc.; also (Colloq.), a stamp with a surcharge.
    • Surcharge (Law) The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the common than he has a right to.
    • Surcharge (Law) The showing an omission, as in an account, for which credit ought to have been given.
    • Surcharge To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge; as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon. "Four charged two, and two surcharged one.""Your head reclined, as hiding grief from view,
      Droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew."
    • Surcharge (Law) To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone.
    • Surcharge To print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp).
    • Surcharge (Law) To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • surcharge To overload, in any sense; overburden: as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon.
    • surcharge In law: To show an omission in; show that the accounting party ought to have charged himself with more than he has. See surcharge and falsification, under surcharge, n.
    • surcharge To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to put, or more than the herbage will sustain.
    • surcharge To overcharge; make an extra charge upon.
    • n surcharge A charge or load above another charge; hence, an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can be well borne.
    • n surcharge A charge or supply in excess of the amount requisite for immediate use, or for the work in hand, as of nervous force or of electricity.
    • n surcharge In law: An extra charge made by assessors upon such as neglect to make a due return of the taxes to which they are liable.
    • n surcharge The showing of an omission in an account or something in respect of which the accounting party ought to have charged himself more than no has.
    • n surcharge In ceramics, a painting in a lighter enamel over a darker one which forms the ground: as, a white flower in surcharge on a buff ground.
    • n surcharge An overcharge beyond what is just and right.
    • surcharge To print or write officially a surcharge on the face of (a postage-stamp). See surcharge, n., 6.
    • n surcharge Something, as a new valuation or status, offioially printed on the face of a postage-stamp.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Surcharge sur-chärj′ to overcharge or overload
    • n Surcharge an excessive load: an overcharge: an extra charge: a painting in lighter enamel over a darker which serves as the ground
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. surcharger,. See Sur-, and Charge, and cf. Overcharge Supercharge Supercargo


In literature:

The village seemed to be quiet and sleepy and yet the air was surcharged with threats of things about to happen.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
A very fury of anger had surcharged his eyes and swelled the veins upon his temples.
"A Woman's Will" by Anne Warner
Into this surcharged atmosphere came Metternich with his exaggerated statements about the great reactionary party in France.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
Surcharged with distracting regrets as he was, he had an inspiration.
"Sundry Accounts" by Irvin S. Cobb
It was surcharged by a curious air of tension, of suspense, a brooding, treacherous hysteria, an ugly, raw, emotional menace.
"Mountain Blood" by Joseph Hergesheimer
The atmosphere was surcharged with expectancy, then grew tense with waiting.
"Master of the Vineyard" by Myrtle Reed
I have bought, and intend bringing home with me, a few sets of the surcharged Transvaal stamps.
"A Yeoman's Letters" by P. T. Ross
It was surcharged, with relief, for the tragedy was made clear to her at last.
"Making People Happy" by Thompson Buchanan
His eyelids were drawn and heavy and his eyes surcharged.
"Hurricane Island" by H. B. Marriott Watson
Here, the air is surcharged with perfume.
"The Book of Khalid" by Ameen Rihani

In poetry:

Home sat she that owned him master;
Like the flower bent to ground
Rain-surcharged and sun-forsaken;
Heedless of her hair unbound.
"A Preaching From A Spanish Ballad" by George Meredith
Thou art a wingèd thought
Of tropical hours,
With all the tropic's rare bloom-splendor fraught,
Surcharged with beauty's indefinable powers,
Angel of flowers!
"The Humming Bird" by Maurice Thompson
Ma. In braving language he exceeded so,
That Martagon nere saw so bold a foe,
Surcharg'd with swelling passion, he did vowe
To take a full revenge on me and you.
"Rhodon And Iris. Act III" by Ralph Knevet
The air, tho' chill, is not surcharged with death,
But health-inspiring germs it bears along.
We drink in vigor with our every breath,
And life appears like spring, each day a song.
"September" by Joseph Horatio Chant
The earth doth then right gay appear--
A flowery mantle she doth wear;
The fruitful trees do blossoms bear,
Their leaves so green;
Being all surcharged with evening tear,
Fair to be seen.
"The Beauty Of Virtue" by Susannah Hawkins
"Nay, gentle John," said I, "attend
A thief my goods and gold
Seeks to purloin. Go, seize the man
Before the trail is cold!"
"Those spires against the sky," said he,
"Surcharged with beauty are to me."
"Culture and Cops" by C J Dennis

In news:

Prince George's County authorizes $1 taxi fuel surcharge .
(AP) — Prince George's County Executive Rushern Baker has authorized a $1 emergency fuel surcharge for taxi fares in the county.
DC enacts taxi surcharge .
Cosco Container Lines this week announced adjustments to rates and surcharges in several trades.
There is no chance of the United Nations turning a blind eye to any oil companies that pay a surcharge that Iraq is continuing to demand for its oil exports, United Nations diplomats said.
DirecTV Adds Sports Surcharge .
Call them "swipe fees," "checkout fees," or " surcharges ," consumers may have to deal with a new expense at the register if they pay with a credit card, thanks to a $7.25 billion settlement reached Friday.
According The Journal, 10 states (including California and New York), have laws prohibiting credit card surcharges , so it is unclear how the settlement will affect these states.
"The recent decrease in the cost of fuel allows us to eliminate the fuel surcharges , which is great news for holiday travellers," said Mike Corrigan, president of BC Ferries, in a statement.
A new study on the District's bag tax may give city residents a few more reasons to be angry beyond the 5-cents-per-bag surcharge they face on every trip to the local grocery store.
NY Assembly Approves Lower Purse Surcharge .
Has stopped tacking on a surcharge for bags of coffee beans weighing less than a pound nationwide after a Massachusetts consumer-protection agency fined the company over the practice.
911 Surcharge Retention On November Ballot.
Posts With Keyword '911 surcharge .
Other states have recently issued similar surcharges , including North Carolina and Wisconsin.

In science:

We then obtain the following quenched version of the surcharge inequality: Lemma 7.
Stretched Polymers in Random Environment
The surcharge inequalities of Lemmas 3 and 7 pave the way to a detailed analysis of the structure of typical paths, as they reduce probabilistic estimates to purely geometric ones.
Stretched Polymers in Random Environment