superfluous

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj superfluous more than is needed, desired, or required "trying to lose excess weight","found some extra change lying on the dresser","yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant","skills made redundant by technological advance","sleeping in the spare room","supernumerary ornamentation","it was supererogatory of her to gloat","delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words","extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts","surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
    • adj superfluous serving no useful purpose; having no excuse for being "otiose lines in a play","advice is wasted words","a pointless remark","a life essentially purposeless","senseless violence"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Superfluous More than is wanted or is sufficient; rendered unnecessary by superabundance; unnecessary; useless; excessive; as, a superfluous price. "An authority which makes all further argument or illustration superfluous ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • superfluous More than is wanted or sufficient; unnecessary from being in excess of what is needed; excessive; redundant; needless: as, a composition abounding with superfluous words.
    • superfluous Supplied with superfluities; having somewhat beyond necessaries.
    • superfluous Doing more than what is called for; supererogatory.
    • superfluous Excessive.
    • superfluous In music, of intervals, augmented. Synonyms Excessive, useless, needless.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Superfluous sū-pėr′flōō-us more than enough: unnecessary or useless
    • ***

Quotations

  • Plutarch
    Plutarch
    “Nothing is cheap which is superfluous, for what one does not need, is dear at a penny.”
  • Michelangelo
    Michelangelo
    “Beauty is the purgation of superfluities.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “It is the superfluous things for which men sweat.”
  • Ingrid Bergman
    Ingrid Bergman
    “A kiss is a lovely trick designed by nature to stop speech when words become superfluous.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “If a man needs an elaborate tombstone in order to remain in the memory of his country, it is clear that his living at all was an act of absolute superfluity.”
  • Voltaire
    Voltaire
    “The superfluous is very necessary.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. superfluus, overflowing; super, over, above + fluere, to flow. See Super-, and Fluent
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. superfluussuper, above, fluĕre, to flow.

Usage

In literature:

It is the St. Lawrence of several of these English lakes, through which it flows, and carries off their superfluous waters.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 117, July, 1867." by Various
The book then lies in the drawer a superfluity.
"An Australian in China" by George Ernest Morrison
What, then, if so many of the questions put to me by the United States government seemed superfluous to the point of being absurd?
"The Patient Observer" by Simeon Strunsky
These precautions are now superfluous.
"Mrs. Piper & the Society for Psychical Research" by Michael Sage
It came as a shock to me when I first realized my superfluous position in this world.
"The Fifth Wheel" by Olive Higgins Prouty
The superfluous population was endeavouring to find for itself local maintenance.
"Mediaeval Socialism" by Bede Jarrett
Cut away all superfluous material, allowing three-eighths of an inch seam at the center back.
"Make Your Own Hats" by Gene Allen Martin
Anton had some difficulty to prevent him from playing the superfluous part of valet.
"Debit and Credit" by Gustav Freytag
The foot is knitted plain, with intakes from the heel onwards, to get rid of the superfluous stitches.
"Encyclopedia of Needlework" by Thérèse de Dillmont
The steepness of the cliff on the remaining side rendered a wall superfluous.
"Eighth Annual Report" by Various
***

In poetry:

Such fond superfluousness of strength
In wall and wood
As his half-wise, half-fearful eye
Deemed only good.
"Home For Love" by John Freeman
She made her choice, the wedding bells rang clear;
The aged bridegroom figured in the Times.
The young man, after some superfluous beer,
Went forth to foreign climes.
"A Romance In The Rough" by Arthur Patchett Martin
But at a word you are nearer now than when
We sat and spoke, or merely looked and thought,
Knowing all speech superfluous then,
Since what we needed, silence brought;--
"The Thorn" by John Freeman
For winning love we win the risk of losing,
And losing love is as one's life were riven;
It cuts like contumely and keen ill-using
To cede what was superfluously given.
"Revulsion" by Thomas Hardy
Where circling rocks defend some pathless vale,
Superfluous mortal! let me ever rove;
Alas! there Echo will repeat the tale—
Where shall I find the silent scenes I love?
"Elegy XVII. He Indulges the Suggestions of Spleen.-- An Elegy to the Winds" by William Shenstone
Now, to write a sonnet, every one allows,
One must always be as quiet as a mouse;
But to write one seems to me
Quite superfluous to be,
When you 've got a little sonnet in the house.
"The Poet And The Baby" by Paul Laurence Dunbar

In news:

Netanyahu's Right to Back Away From Another Superfluous Bill.
Its red bean "crust" added little discernible flavor, but the preparation was hardly superfluous.
Steak superfluity at Bavette 's Bar & Boeuf.
Steak superfluity at Bavette's Bar & Boeuf .
And by the time 9News lawyers stepped in to protest copyright infringement, hundreds of people had posted their own Mentos geysers , making the original all but superfluous.
A survey published today in Science shows that journal editors often ask prospective authors to add superfluous citations of the journal to articles, and authors feel they can't refuse.
The superfluity of the internet has necessitated a sharpening of the virtue of discernment.
Let's credit Gus Van Sant for squandering the capital of his egregious Good Will Hunting and Finding Forrester on sincere misfires like a superfluous shot-by-shot Psycho remake and the abstract Blair Witch gloss Gerry.
Less a bastardization than simply a watered-down and superfluous redo, Pusher faithfully mimics Nicolas Winding Refn's 1996 Danish crime saga while missing its nasty, grungy spirit.
Steak superfluity at Bavette's Bar & Boeuf.
The Star's recommendation Reject superfluous change to the Missouri Constitution.
RFID to Make Thousands of Jobs Superfluous .
Writer's facts about Man of Steel superfluous .
Nicole Kidman Sells Superfluous Pad In Starchitect's Perry Street Funhouse.
There are tons of completely superfluous things reported on Election Day as if they matter.
***

In science:

Like in case of liquid helium at conditions of superfluity, Bose- condensation in metals and semiconductors is related to increasing of concentration of the (a)-state of primary effectons with the lowest energy and a corresponding decreasing of concentrations of all other excitations.
Hierarchic Models of Turbulence, Superfluidity and Superconductivity
Normally, interaction of these proteins blocks signal paths TRAF6, RIP1 and RIP2 for prevention of the superfluous inflammatory response (Coll 2010) (Fig. 11).
Model of pathogenesis of psoriasis. Part 1. Systemic psoriatic process
In short, Barnes objections are largely superfluous.
Defending The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning
Superfluous warnings usually can be disabled; in Java this e.g. can be done by using so called annotations .
Improving the Technical Aspects of Software Testing in Enterprises
All the other galaxies which we see, are superfluous.
Cosmology from the Top Down
***