• WordNet 3.6
    • v sub be a substitute "The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague","The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet"
    • n sub a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes
    • n sub a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "snorkel" comes from the German word "schnoerkel", which was a tube used by German submarine crews in WW2. The subs used an electric battery when traveling underwater, which had to be recharged using diesel engines, which needed air to run. To avoid the hazard of surfacing to run the engines, the Germans used the schnoerkel to feed air from the surface into the engines.
    • Sub a shortened form of submarine sandwich; also called hero hero sandwich, and grinder.
    • Sub a shortened form of submarine, the boat.
    • Sub A subordinate; a subaltern.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Russian submarine designers are building military submarines out of concrete. Because concrete becomes stronger under high pressure, (C-subs) could settle down to the bottom in very deep water and wait for enemy ships to pass overhead. Concrete would not show up on sonar displays (it looks just like sand or rocks), so the passing ships would not see the sub lurking below.
    • n sub A prefix of Latin origin, meaning ‘under, below, beneath,’ or ‘from under.’ It occurs in its literal sense in many words, verbs, adjectives, and nouns, taken from the Latin, as in subjacent, underlying, subscribe, underwrite, subside, sit down, submerge, plunge down, etc., the literal sense being in many cases not felt in English, as in subject, subjoin, subtract, etc.
    • n sub A subaltern; a subordinate.
    • n sub A substitute; specifically, one who is willing to serve as a substitute for a regular compositor on a newspaper.
    • sub To act as a substitute; specifically, to act as the substitute of another in a composing-room.
    • sub To subirrigate. See subbing, 2.
    • sub An abbreviation of subject
    • sub of substitute
    • sub of suburb
    • sub of suburban.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The most remote island in the world is Tristan da Cunha, which is above the sub-Antarctic zone.
    • n Sub sub (coll.) a subordinate, a subaltern: subsist money, being a part of a man's wages paid to him while the work is going on.
    • ***


  • Albert Camus
    “A sub-clerk in the post-office is the equal of a conqueror if consciousness is common to them.”


In literature:

Sub-anal plate: Orthoptera; = sub-genital lamina; q.v.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
It was not like going into or emerging from the sub-ether.
"Masters of Space" by Edward Elmer Smith
The six descendants from (I) will form two sub-genera or even genera.
"On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" by Charles Darwin
Subs like to get within a thousand yards or less.
"The U-boat hunters" by James B. Connolly
O Jesu, tuum vultum, Quem colimus occultum Sub panis specie: Fac ut, remoto velo, Post, libera in coelo, Cernamus acie.
"The St. Gregory Hymnal and Catholic Choir Book" by Various
He was sorry for the sub.
"Stanford Stories" by Charles K. Field
Even with the individuals of the same sub-variety, when long kept by different fanciers, different strains can sometimes be recognised.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
He even brought in two or three sub-chiefs to sign the treaty.
"Four American Indians" by Edson L. Whitney
There were two Sub-lieutenants, R.N.R.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
It contains seats for the prefect, the sub-prefect, and the members of the Cabildo.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi

In poetry:

Greyhound bitches
Sending their rosy muzzled pensive down,
And breathing soft, unwilling to wake to the new day
Yet sub-delighted.
"Sicilian Cyclamens" by D H Lawrence
O, vino iar! Cuvinte dulci inspira-mi,
Privirea ta asupra mea se plece,
Sub raza ei mã lasa a petrece
Si cânturi noua smulge tu din lira-mi.
"Sonnet 3" by Mihai Eminescu
O Sub! you certainly have been,
A little raking, roguish creature,
And in that face may still be seen,
Each laughing loves bewitching feature!
"To.............: An Impromtu" by Thomas Gent
The sun was setting in its wonted west,
When HONGREE, Sub-Lieutenant of Chassoores,
Met MAHRY DAUBIGNY, the Village Rose,
Under the Wizard's Oak - old trysting-place
Of those who loved in rosy Aquitaine.
"Hongree and Mahry" by William Schwenck Gilbert
When Julius Fabricius, Sub-Prefect of the Weald,
In the days of Diocletian owned our Lower River-field,
He called to him Hobdenius-a Briton of the Clay,
Saying: "What about that River-piece for layin' in to hay?"
"The Land" by Rudyard Kipling
If de greates' is de servant, den Ah got to say o' dem,
Dey'll be standin' nex' to Jesus, sub to no one else but Him;
If de crown goes to de fait'ful, an' de palm de victors wear,
Dey'll be loaded down wid jewels more dan anybody dere.
"Black Mammies" by Leslie Pinckney Hill

In news:

Sub-Forums: The Holding Cell Forums.
It's no surprise that Sub Pop was clueless when it came to promotion.
Nov 3, local businessman Frank Tamara donated $1,100 to Holy Family School from money raised during the Grand Opening of Jersey Mike's Subs at 6284 E State St in Rockford.
Defiance native subbing for suspended driver.
Hornish to sub again for Penske.
The organization wants communities in Sub-Saharan Africa, Central America and Asia to continue using the tools and knowledge that is brought to them.
Subbing more of the unusual.
Low Something's Turning Over C'mon Sub-pop.
He wasn't asking to leave, but for another player to be subbed on.
Sub-surface boils are heating up the striper fishing.
Cons Slightly sub-par text and photo quality.
Seven of the ten fastest-growing economies during the next five years will be in sub-Saharan Africa.
Unmanned Sub Dives the Marianas Trench on a Hair-Thin Tether.
FRANKFURT, Germany– Messe Frankfurt, owner and manager of Heimtextil, and the Sub-Council of Textile Industry, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT TEX) have created the Home Textiles Fabric Sourcing Expo.
Former Canadian Navy intelligence officer Sub-Lt.

In science:

Then since Q(αm ) is a subfield of the proper subfield M of K , the lemma’s hypothesis shows we must have m = d.
On the existence of absolutely simple abelian varieties of a given dimension over an arbitrary field
However, to define automorphisms by using a sub VOA, we have to establish the rationality of the sub VOA.
Module categories of simple current extensions of vertex operator algebras
Let S be a sub-manifold of M , W ⊆ V |S a sub-bundle, Y the total space of W , and bY the total space of the sub-bundle Ann(W ) ⊆ V ∨ |S .
Mirror Symmetry and Generalized Complex Manifolds
In Fig. 3 (a) the populations of the four states are shown as a function of time for the input state |01i, sub ject to a square pulse of 5.45 ps duration (this satisfies t = π/(4Veff ) for our chosen parameters), and sub ject to significant decay.
Creating excitonic entanglement in quantum dots through the optical Stark effect
To test for any linear dependence of sub-strings of fixed length within the original sequence, the rank of disjoint sub-matrices is examined.
Random Numbers from Astronomical Imaging