• WordNet 3.6
    • n shogun a hereditary military dictator of Japan; the shoguns ruled Japan until the revolution of 1867-68
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When George Washington was elected President, there was a King in France, a Czar in Russia, an Emperor in China, and a Shogun in Japan. Only the office of President remained.
    • n Shogun A title originally conferred by the Mikado on the military governor of the eastern provinces of Japan. By gradual usurpation of power the Shogunsknown to foreigners as Tycoons) became finally the virtual rulers of Japan. The title was abolished in 1867.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n shogun General: the title of the commander-in-chief or captain-general of the Japanese army during the continuance of the feudal system in that country. More fully called tai shogun (‘great general’), or sei-i-tai-shogun, ‘barbarian-subduing great-general’—the earlier wars of the Japanese (when this form of the title was first used) having been waged against the ‘barbarians’ or aboriginal inhabitants of the country. The office was made hereditary in the Minamoto family in 1192, when the title was bestowed on a famous warrior and hero named Yoritomo, and continued in that family or some branch of it until 1868, when it was abolished, and the feudal system virtually came to an end. From the first a large share of the governing power naturally devolved on the shogun as the chief vassal of the mikado. This power was gradually extended by the encroachments of successive shoguns, especially of Iyeyasu, founder in l603 of the Tokugawa line, and in course of time the shoguns became the virtual rulers of the country—always, however, acknowledging the supremacy of the mikado, and professing to act in his name. This state of things has given rise to the common but erroneous opinion and assertion that Japan had two emperors—“a spiritual emperor” (the mikado), living in Kioto, and “a temporal emperor” (the shogun), who held court in Yedo (now called Tokio). In the troubles which arose subsequent to 1858 in connection with the ratification and enforcement of the treaties which the shogunate had made with foreign nations, establishing trade relations, etc., many of the daimios, tired of the domination of the shogun and disapproving of the treaties, sided with the emperor; this led in 1867 to the resignation of the shogun of the time, and in the following year the office was abolished, the reigning mikado undertaking to govern the country in person. See daimio and tycoon.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Shogun shō′gōōn the title of the commander-in-chief of the Japanese army during the continuance of the feudal system in Japan
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Jap., from Chin. tsiang kiÜn, commander in chief
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Jap.,—sho, to hold, gun, army.


In literature:

Another clue: when was Hideyoshi the Shogun of Japan?
"The Jacket (The Star-Rover)" by Jack London
Some decades before Admiral Perry appeared there were patriots secretly working against the Tokugawa Shogunate.
"Evolution Of The Japanese, Social And Psychic" by Sidney L. Gulick
Custom confined the Shogunate to the Minamoto family, and the actual power was wielded by Regents in the name of the Shogun.
"The Problem of China" by Bertrand Russell
It was their ambition to stand in the same relation to the Pope as the Shogun to the Mikado of Japan.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volumes 1 and 2" by John Addington Symonds
They even called their Baron the "Shogun", on-planet.
"Ambush" by Ann Wilson
Many persons even now believe that the Shogun, or Tycoon as he was usually called in Europe, was a usurper.
"The Empire of the East" by H. B. Montgomery
I have from my revered ancestors the blood of a Shogun.
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
But though the renaissance had begun, it was impeded and dangerously threatened by the power of the Shogun.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 3 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Kamakura is on the other side of Yokohama, an old Shogun capital; has lots of historic shrines, etc.
"Letters from China and Japan" by John Dewey
He was succeeded by the last of the shoguns, Keiki, appointed head of the Tokugawa family in October, 1866, and shogun in January, 1867.
"Historic Tales, Vol. 12 (of 15)" by Charles Morris

In news:

Baltimore MMA fighter and Owner of Shogun Fights, John Rallo shows off his soft side for the animals.
Brandon Vera may have lost to Mauricio " Shogun " Rua in the 4th round of this main event, but it was "The Truth" who looked like he really wanted the win.
UFC on Fox 4 live blog: Lyoto Machida out-performs Shogun Rua to earn title shot.
Mauricio " Shogun " Rua, left, and Brandon Vera, right, weigh-in for UFC on FOX 4 as UFC President Dana White watches on.
Ernie Lindsey's book Going Shogun is by no means perfect.
Frank Lee, owner of the Shogun Sushi and Sake Bar in Delmar, opened a second location in Albany on Tuesday, March 27.
Shogun Japanese Steak House & Sushi Bar.
Win a Cruise for you and a guest and dine at Shogun for a year valued at $5000.
Dan Henderson threw everything he could at Mauricio " Shogun " Rua and absorbed almost as much in return Saturday.
Shogun Avenges Loss, KO's Griffin.
Mauricio ' Shogun ' Rua.
ESPN Sport Science's John Brenkus examines Mauricio " Shogun " Rua's impressive power.
UFC president leans toward rematch between Lyoto Machida and Shogun Rua.
Mauricio Shogun Rua, right, connects with Lyoto Machida Saturday night during the main event of UFC 104 at Staples Center in Los Angeles.
Lyoto Machida v Shogun Rua.