• WordNet 3.6
    • adj rough ready and able to resort to force or violence "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville","they were rough and determined fighting men"
    • adj rough unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound "a gravelly voice"
    • adj rough violently agitated and turbulent "boisterous winds and waves","the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound","rough weather","rough seas"
    • adj rough not shaped by cutting or trimming "an uncut diamond","rough gemstones"
    • adj rough full of hardship or trials "the rocky road to success","they were having a rough time"
    • adj rough not quite exact or correct "the approximate time was 10 o'clock","a rough guess","a ballpark estimate"
    • adj rough unkind or cruel or uncivil "had harsh words","a harsh and unlovable old tyrant","a rough answer"
    • adj rough unpleasantly stern "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus","the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
    • adj rough not perfected "a rough draft","a few rough sketches"
    • adj rough (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse "she was a diamond in the rough","rough manners"
    • adj rough not carefully or expertly made "managed to make a crude splint","a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them","rough carpentry"
    • adj rough having or caused by an irregular surface "trees with rough bark","rough ground","rough skin","rough blankets","his unsmooth face"
    • adj rough causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements "a rough ride"
    • adj rough of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
    • adv rough with rough motion as over a rough surface "ride rough"
    • adv rough with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly') "he was pushed roughly aside","they treated him rough"
    • v rough prepare in preliminary or sketchy form
    • n rough the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There are are roughly 100 million single adults living in the USA
    • Rough A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. "Contemplating the people in the rough ."
    • Rough Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.
    • Rough Boisterous weather.
    • Rough Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught.
    • Rough Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth.
    • Rough Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish.
    • adv Rough In a rough manner; rudely; roughly. "Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in their boats."
    • Rough Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers.
    • Rough Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat.
    • Rough Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions.
    • Rough Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper.
    • Rough Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road.
    • Rough Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond.
    • Rough Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day.
    • Rough To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.
    • Rough To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch.
    • Rough To render rough; to roughen.
    • Rough Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The human heart beast roughly 35 million times a year
    • rough Not smooth to the touch or to the sight; uneven, from projections, ridges, wrinkles, or the like; broken in outline or continuity by protruding points or lines, irregularities, or obstructions; shaggy: as, a rough surface of any kind; rough land; a rough road; rough cloth.
    • rough Not smoothed or formed by art; existing or left in a natural or an incomplete state; crude; unwrought; uneven; untrimmed: as, the rough materials of manufacture.
    • rough Rugged in form, outline, or appearance; harsh or unpleasing to the eye; irregular.
    • rough Crudely done or considered; indefinitely approximate; vague; partial; careless; hasty: as, to make a rough estimate or calculation; at a rough guess.
    • rough Characterized by harshness or asperity; disagreeably severe or coarse; discordant: used of things and actions with reference to their effects upon the senses or feelings, actions, sounds, etc.: as, rough weather; a rough remedy; rough treatment.
    • rough Lacking refinement; rude in character or action; unpolished; untrained; uncouth; awkward: as, rough kindness or attendance; a rough backwoodsman.
    • rough Characterized by violent or disorderly action or movement; rudely agitated or disturbed; boisterously violent; unrestrained: as, rough water; rough play.
    • rough Coarse; stale: as, rough bread; rough fish.
    • rough Astringent: said of wines or other beverages: as, a rough claret.
    • rough In botany, same as scabrous.
    • rough In Greek grammar, accompanied by, constituting, or marking the stronger aspiration, equivalent to our h; aspirated (in a narrower sense): as, a rough mute; the rough breathing. The rough breathing (spiritus asper) is our h. The rough mutes are θ (th), φ (ph), and χ (ch), equivalent in earlier times to t + h, p + h, andk + h, but in later times to English th (in thin), f, and German ch (ċh), respectively. Rough translates Greek δασυς, and is opposed to smooth (ψιλός).
    • rough Rough, harsh, or crude in kind, but ready or prompt in action or use.
    • rough Synonyms Rugged, jagged.
    • rough Unhewn, unwrought.
    • rough Hirsute, bristly.
    • rough Indelicate, ungracious, bluff, blunt, bearish, churlish, gruff, impolite, brusk.
    • n rough Rough or roughened state or condition; crudeness; rawness; vehemence; exacerbation: with the: as, materials or work in the rough; the rough of a storm.
    • n rough A projecting piece inserted in a horse's shoe, to keep him from slipping.
    • n rough Rough weather.
    • n rough plural In mining, a poor grade of tin ore, or that which has been only roughly dressed. Also rows.
    • rough To make rough; give a rough condition or appearance to; roughen: as, to rough a horse's shoes to prevent slipping.
    • rough To execute or shape out roughly; finish partially or in the rough; prepare for a finishing operation: as, to rough out building-stones.
    • rough To break in a horse, especially for military use.
    • rough To behave roughly; specifically, to break the rules in boxing by too much roughness.
    • rough Roughly; in a coarse, crude, or harsh manner.
    • n rough A rowdy; a ruffian; a rude, coarse fellow; one given to riotous violence; a bully.
    • n rough [In a foot-note Scaramelli is quoted to the effect that the word signifies in English “persona bassa e vile.”]
    • rough A bad spelling of ruff.
    • rough In hat-manuf., to compact (the felt) by moisture, heat, and pressure.
    • rough To expose to winter weather, as cattle; permit to run at large during the winter.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Roughly 44% of junk mail is thrown away unopened
    • adj Rough ruf not smooth: uneven: uncut: unpolished: unfinished: boisterous: tempestuous: violent: harsh: severe: rude: coarse: disordered in appearance: hasty, as a rough guess: stale: astringent: in Greek grammar, marking the stronger aspiration, equivalent to Eng. h
    • n Rough rough condition, crudeness: a piece inserted in a horse's shoe to keep him from slipping: a bully, a ruffian, a rowdy
    • v.t Rough to make rough: to roughen a horse's shoes to keep him from slipping: to shape roughly: to roughen
    • v.i Rough to break the rules in boxing by too great violence
    • n Rough a rude model: a form in its rudiments: a kind of semi-fluid mortar containing fine gravel, thrown in a thin coating on outer walls
    • adj Rough dry without having been smoothed
    • v.i Rough to become rough
    • ***


  • George Meredith
    “Caricature is rough truth.”
  • S. C. Hall
    S. C. Hall
    “Some men demand rough treatment everywhere!”
  • Philip L. Graham
    Philip L. Graham
    “News is the first rough draft of history.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “It's when things get rough and you don't quit that success comes.”
  • Archbishop Derek Worlock
    Archbishop Derek Worlock
    “I am my brother's keeper, and he's sleeping pretty rough these days.”
  • Bowen Baxter
    Bowen Baxter
    “If you think practicing what you preach is rough, just try preaching what you practice.”


Diamond in the rough - A diamond in the rough is someone or something that has great potential, but isn't not refined and polished.
Hit rough weather - If you hit rough weather, you experience difficulties or problems.
Rough and ready - If something is rough and ready, it has not been carefully prepared, but is fit for its purpose. If a person is rough and ready, they are not very refined or mannered.
Rough around the edges - If someone is rough around the edges, they haven't mastered something, though they show promise.
Rough diamond - A rough diamond is a person who might be a bit rude but who is good underneath it all.
Rough edges - If something has rough edges, it is still not a finished product and not all of a uniform standard.
Rough end of the stick - To get the rough end of the stick is to be treated unfairly or to come off worse than the other party in a transaction, situation or relationship.
Rough patch - A rough patch is a difficult or trying period.
Rough-hewn - If something, especially something made from wood or stone, is rough-hewn, it is unfinished or unpolished.
Take the rough with the smooth - People say that you have to take the rough with the smooth, meaning that you have to be prepared to accept the disadvantages as well of the advantages of something.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. rou, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. rh,; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. rh, G. rauh, rauch,; cf. Lith. raukas, wrinkle, rukti, to wrinkle. √ 18. Cf. Rug (n.)


In literature:

At one of these ranches Theodore Roosevelt settled down for the time being, to rough it in hunting and raising cattle.
"American Boy's Life of Theodore Roosevelt" by Edward Stratemeyer
He is rough and ignorant, but the old scamp has a heap of money and a rich gang to back him.
"The Rainy Day Railroad War" by Holman Day
To Ruth he seemed very bronzed and rough looking.
"Ruth Fielding and the Gypsies" by Alice B. Emerson
This is roughed out as before by an iron tool, a rough fellow tool being made at the same time.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
But," she added, "if it's too rough for you, we'll go back.
"Laramie Holds the Range" by Frank H. Spearman
The child winced as Dr. Harpe picked up the foot roughly and ran her fingers along the bone.
"The Lady Doc" by Caroline Lockhart
The weather, however, was so rough that he could not get up.
"Taking Tales" by W.H.G. Kingston
Roughly speaking, this ledge is about 100 feet below the summit of the cliff.
"Archeological Expedition to Arizona in 1895" by Jesse Walter Fewkes
Take it all in all he was having a rather rough time of it.
"The Promise" by James B. Hendryx
It was rough and wild now.
"A Little Girl in Old New York" by Amanda Millie Douglas

In poetry:

But we soon got used to freedom,
Though the way at first was rough;
But we weathered through the tempest,
For slavery made us tough.
"The Deliverance" by Frances Ellen Watkins
His rest is by the storm-swept waves
Whom life's wild tempests roughly trie
Whose heart was like the streaming eaves
Of ocean, throbbing at his side.
"Birthday Of Daniel Webster" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Thus on they went, and side by side,
They kept in sad and sunny weather,
And rough or smooth the flowing tide,
They brightest shone when close together.
"The Rival Bubbles" by Samuel Griswold Goodrich
Then forth he crept; and ah ! the street
Blazed in his eyes; and in his ears
The ceaseless traffic boomed and beat
Rough music, lost, it seemed, for years.
"A Preacher" by John Joy Bell
Oh, Mastah, won't you sen' de call?
My frien's is daih, my hope, my all.
I 's waitin' whaih de road is rough,
I want to hyeah you say, "Enough,
Ol' man, come home!"
"W'en I Gits Home" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
To cherish the feeling we fly to the spot,
The mansions of sorrow to tread;
For there lies the hand that, with blossoms so sweet,
Life's rough thorny pathway once spread.
"The Reflections Of A Serious Moment" by Elizabeth Bath

In news:

Madera County has produced its share of rough and tumble, two-fisted drinking, street fighting pioneers.
Citrowske said it has been rough scored at his taxidermy in Coon Rapids as 183 1/2.
In the middle of the last century, the area around the Bowery was the rough-and-tumble home to artists such as Keith Haring, Roy Lichtenstein and Jasper Johns.
Rough Guide to Music of Balkan Gypsies.
Roughly chopped 2 Tbsp Parsley.
At the restaurant, Lett cuts the fresh pasta into rough rag shapes and tosses it with summer vegetables.
PBR rodeo brings some rough and tough animals to Germain Arena.
This has been a rough year for college sports and it an even rougher month for Arkansas football coach Bobby Petrino.
Blaski gets roughed up but then toughens up in win over LaRoche.
LaRoche College roughing up Marietta College ace right-hander Austin Blaski for two first-inning runs.
It's been a rough, cold winter in more ways than one for the real estate market in southwest Iowa, but it appears things are starting to warm up just in time for spring.
The road ahead could be rough.
A $2 billion business gets rough.
Women have traditionally had a rough time in the kitchens of American restaurants.
Early rough seas didn't deter Corinth Holders Pirates won five of last seven football games.

In science:

For finite λ, we expect that the interface will seek to optimize its global wandering until the roughness reaches the wavelength of the periodicity .
A periodic elastic medium in which periodicity is relevant
The scaling function f (z ) = w/Lζ of the roughness w(L, λ) vs. scaling parameter z = L/λ1/ζ , where ζ = ζDP = 2/3 for the same data as in Fig. 2.
A periodic elastic medium in which periodicity is relevant
The scaling function f (z ) = w/Lζ of the roughness w(L, λ) vs. scaling parameter z = L/λ1/ζ .
A periodic elastic medium in which periodicity is relevant
The number density of such regions is roughly ∼ pL for some p < 1.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
In all cases of interest P0 (Γω ) ≪ 1, and the second term is thus roughly the first term times P0 (ΓI ).
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points