# relation

## Definitions

• Columbuses own relation on his own side, with his wife and daughter
• WordNet 3.6
• n relation an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together
• n relation (usually plural) mutual dealings or connections among persons or groups "international relations"
• n relation the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
• n relation (law) the principle that an act done at a later time is deemed by law to have occurred at an earlier time "his attorney argued for the relation back of the amended complaint to the time the initial complaint was filed"
• n relation an act of narration "he was the hero according to his own relation","his endless recounting of the incident eventually became unbearable"
• n relation a person related by blood or marriage "police are searching for relatives of the deceased","he has distant relations back in New Jersey"
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Earthenware milk pan, brass ladle, funnel fragment, and other items found which relate to dairying and cheesemaking
A few of the many artifacts relating to fishing unearthed at Jamestown: fishhooks, fish-gigs, and lead net weights
ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT This animal is really not a goat, but is more nearly related to the antelopes. Range: The higher...
Relative Length of Ages of Reptiles, Mammals and Man

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The nearest relative of the hippopotamus is the common pig.
• Relation A person connected by cosanguinity or affinity; a relative; a kinsman or kinswoman. "For me . . . my relation does not care a rush."
• Relation Connection by consanguinity or affinity; kinship; relationship; as, the relation of parents and children. "Relations dear, and all the charities
Of father, son, and brother, first were known."
• Relation Reference; respect; regard. "I have been importuned to make some observations on this art in relation to its agreement with poetry."
• Relation (Law) The act of a relator at whose instance a suit is begun.
• Relation The act of relating or telling; also, that which is related; recital; account; narration; narrative; as, the relation of historical events. "Poet's relation doth well figure them."
• Relation (Law) The carrying back, and giving effect or operation to, an act or proceeding frrom some previous date or time, by a sort of fiction, as if it had happened or begun at that time. In such case the act is said to take effect by relation.
• Relation The state of being related or of referring; what is apprehended as appertaining to a being or quality, by considering it in its bearing upon something else; relative quality or condition; the being such and such with regard or respect to some other thing; connection; as, the relation of experience to knowledge; the relation of master to servant. "Any sort of connection which is perceived or imagined between two or more things, or any comparison which is made by the mind, is a relation ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: France had the first supermarket in the world. It was started by relatives of the people who started the Texas Big Bear supermarket chain.
• n relation The act of relating or telling; recital; narration.
• n relation That which is related or told; an account; narrative: formerly applied to historical narrations or geographical descriptions: as, the Jesuit Relations.
• n relation A character of a plurality of things; a fact concerning two or more things, especially and more properly when it is regarded as a predicate of one of the things connecting it with the others; the condition of being such and such with regard to something else: as, the relation of a citizen to the state; the relation of demand and supply. Thus, suppose a locomotive blows off steam; this fact constitutes a relation between the locomotive and the steam so far as the “blowing” is conceived to be a character of the locomotive, and another relation so far as the “being blown” is conceived as a character of the steam, and both these relations together are embraced in the same relationship, or plural fact. This latter, also often called a relation, is by logicians called the foundation of the relation. The two or more subjects or things to which the plural fact relates are termed the relates or correlates; the one which is conceived as subject is specifically termed the subject of the relation, or the relate; the others the correlates. Words naming things in their character as relates are called relatives, as father, cousin. A set of relatives referring to the same relationship according as one or another object is taken as the relate are called correlatives: such are buyer, seller, commodity, price. The logical nomenclature of relations depends on the consideration of individual relations, or relations subsisting between the individuals of a single set of correlates, as opposed to general relations, which, really or in conception, subsist between many such sets. Relations are either dual—that is, connecting couples of objects, as in the examples above—or plural—that is, connecting more than two correlates, as the relation of a buyer to the seller, the thing bought, and the price. Every individual dual relation is either a relation of a thing to itself or a relation of a thing to something else. Logical relations are those which are known from logical reflection: opposed to real relations, which are known by generalization and abstraction from ordinary observations. The chief logical relations are those of incompossibility, coexistence, identity, and otherness. Real dual relations are of five classes:
• n relation Intimate connection between facts; significant bearing of one fact upon another.
• n relation Connection by consanguinity or affinity; kinship; tie of birth or marriage; relationship.
• n relation Kindred; connection; a group of persons related by kinship.
• n relation A person connected by consanguinity or affinity; a kinsman or kinswoman; a relative.
• n relation In mathematics:
• n relation A ratio; proportion.
• n relation A connection between a number of quantities by which certain systems of values are excluded; especially, such a connection as may be expressed by a plexus of general equations.
• n relation In music, that connection or kinship between two tones, chords, or keys (tonalities) which makes their association with each other easy and natural. The relation of tones is perceived by the ear without analysis. Physically it probably depends upon how far the two series of upper partial tones or harmonies coincide. Thus, a given tone is closely related to its perfect fifth, because the 2d, 5th, 8th, 11th, etc., harmonics of the one are respectively identical with the 1st, 3d, 5th, 7th, etc., of the other; while for converse reasons it is hardly at all related to its minor second. Tones that have but a distant relation to each other, however, are often both closely related to a third tone, and then, particularly if they are associated together in some melodic series, like a scale, may acquire a close relation. Thus, the seventh and eighth tones of a major scale have a close relation which is indirectly harmonic, but apparently due to their habitual melodic proximity. The relation of chords depends primarily on the identity of one or more of their respective tones. Thus, a major triad is closely related to a minor triad on the same root, or to a minor triad on the minor third below itself, because in each case there are two tones in common. Thus, the tonic triad of a key is related to the dominant and subdominant triads through the identity of one of its tones with one of theirs. As with tones, chords having but a distant relation to each other may acquire a relation through their respective close relations to a third chord, especially if habitually brought together in harmonic progressions. Thus, the dominant and subdominant triads of a key have a substantial but indirect relation; and, indeed, a relation is evident between all the triads of a key. The relation of keys (tonalities) depends properly on the number of tones which they have in common; though it is often held that a key is closely connected with every key whose tonic triad is made up of its tones. Thus, a major key is most intimately related to the major keys of its dominant and subdominant and to the minor key of its submediant, because each of them differs from it by but one tone, and also to the minor keys of its mediant and supertonic, because their tonic triads are also composed of its tones. Hence a major key and the minor key of its submediant are called mutually relative (relative major and relative minor), in distinction from the tonic major and tonic minor, which are more distantly related. When carefully analyzed, the fact of relation is found to be profoundly concerned in the entire structure and development of music. It has caused the establishment of the major diatonic scale as the norm of all modern music. It is the kernel of tonality, of harmonic and melodic progression, of form in general, and of many extended forms in particular.
• n relation In law:
• n relation A fiction of law whereby, to prevent injustice, effect is given to an act done at one time as if it had been done at a previous time, it being said to have relation back to that time: as, where a deed is executed and acted on, but its delivery neglected, the law may give effect to its subsequent delivery by relation back to its date or to its execution, as may be equitable.
• n relation Suggestion by a relator; the statement or complaint of his grievance by one at whose instance an action or special proceeding is brought by the state to determine a question involving both public and private right.
• n relation In architecture, the direct dependence upon one another, and upon the whole, of the different parts of a building, or members of a design.
• n relation Same as composite relation .
• n relation Same as aggregate relation .
• n relation a relation of such a sort that nothing can be so related to anything else, as the relations of self-consciousness, self-depreciation, self-help, etc.
• n relation Synonyms Narration, Recital, etc. See account.
• n relation Attitude, connection.
• n relation Affiliation.5 and Relation, Relative, Connection, When applying to family affiliations, relation is used of a state or of a person, but in the latter sense relative is much better; relative is used of a person, but not of a state; connection is used with equal propriety of either person or state. Relation and relative refer to kinship by blood; connection is increasingly restricted to ties resulting from marriage.
• n relation Kindred, kin.
• relation To relate; bring into relation.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: About 60 percent of all American babies are named after close relatives.
• Relation act of relating or telling: recital: that which is related: mutual connection between two things, analogy: resemblance, affinity: connection by birth or marriage: a person related by blood or marriage, a relative
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## Quotations

• Augusto Roa Bastos
“Anyone who attempts to relate his life loses himself in the immediate. One can only speak of another.”
• Bruce Henderson
• Anatole France
“The good critic is he who relates the adventures of his soul among masterpieces.”
• Franklin P. Jones
“Honest criticism is hard to take, especially from a relative, a friend, an acquaintance, or a stranger.”
• David Livingstone
“I will place no value on anything I have or may possess except in relation to the kingdom of Christ.”
• Edward Gibbon
“Our sympathy is cold to the relation of distant misery.”

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. relation, L. relatio,. See Relate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—L. referre, relatumre-, back, ferre, to carry.

## Usage

### In literature:

In Relation to the Family, 183 2.
"A Practical Directory for Young Christian Females" by Harvey Newcomb
Every Definition is relative to a Classification 353 Sec.6.
Science is systematic, related knowledge.
"The Science of Human Nature" by William Henry Pyle
He was no relation of the family, and it was the duty of relations to help each other.
"Arthur Mervyn" by Charles Brockden Brown
This relation of events to the time occupied, namely this relation of occupation, is a fundamental relation of nature to time.
"The Concept of Nature" by Alfred North Whitehead
This will not prove a relation of cause and effect, but it will at least create a great suspicion.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
The nearest friends or relations walked seven times round the grave, after each of them had driven a nail into the coffin.
"The Mysteries of All Nations" by James Grant
I speak of the relation of the wife to her marital duties, in other words, to sexual relations.
"Woman" by William J. Robinson
The children by the first husband are made over to his relatives if there are any.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India" by R. V. Russell
They are relatively, as distant in this respect from each other, as they were in the days of the Patriarchs.
"The Young Maiden" by A. B. (Artemas Bowers) Muzzey
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### In poetry:

About a hundred and fifty years ago,
History relates it happened so,
A big ship sailed from the shores of Britain
Bound for India across the raging main.
"A Summary History of Lord Clive" by William Topaz McGonagall
Fond wretch! and what canst thou relate,
But deeds of sorrow, shame, and sin?
Thy crime is proved, thou know'st thy fate;
But come, thy tale!--begin, begin! -
"The Hall Of Justice" by George Crabbe
And they soon stood alongside the vessel,
When a life-saving dingy was lowered
With the pick of the crew, And her relatives too,
And the mate and the skipper aboard.
"The Rhyme Of The Chivalrous Shark" by Wallace Irwin
Conduct us back again in health, O God!
Our dear relations and our friends among;
That we thy name may, for thy aid, applaud,
And sing thy praises in some sacred song.
"The Traveller's Prayer" by Rees Prichard
I named him Claude, 'twas a strange conceit,
'Twas a name that no relatives ever bore;
Yet there lingered around it a mem'ry sweet,
Of a face and a voice I miss evermore.
"Claude" by John Hartley
Let them, extended on the decent Bier,
Convey the Coarse in melancholy State,
Thro' all the Village spread the tender Tear,
While pitying Maids our wond'rous Loves relate.
"Elegy XIII" by James Hammond

### In news:

ATLANTA — Acuity Brands' fiscal fourth-quarter net income fell 3 percent, pulled down by a charge and expenses related to a plant closing.
Pope's Role, Church's Laws Leave Dioceses to Form Public-Relations Strategies to Abuse Scandal.
Previously I wrote about how to stay relatively cool in blazing temperatures without air conditioning.
The names of the Dudley-Anderson-Yutzy offices in Atlanta, Chicago, Houston and Los Angeles have been changed to Ogilvy & Mather Public Relations.
Laila Amine on Arab immigration and Race relations in France.
But relations soured over the uprising in Syria, and Syria's state television denounced him in withering terms.
It's only a matter of time before there is a Skype-related casualty aboard an airplane.
Charles Petrillo spoke about the 1948 movie, "The Miracle of the Bells" and its relation to Glen Lyon, a section of Newport Twp.
Iranian official calls Nadarkhani "rapist guilty of security-related crimes".
Related Stories for 9/11 Mass at St Peter the Apostle Catholic Church.
University of Missouri-Kansas City Chancellor Leo E Morton will receive the 2012 Henry W Bloch Human Relations Award from the Jewish Community Relations Bureau American Jewish Committee.
Health-related and money-related resolutions top the list each year.
Amazon Web Services (AWS) has announced the Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS), a new Web service that makes it easy to set up, operate and scale relational database s in the cloud.
Would-be First Lady Ann Romney's favorite television show is ABC's Modern Family, a relatively tame sitcom that features three related couples raising children.
Boulder-based Tendril Inc, a developer of energy management and Smart Grid-related technologies, was awarded up to $85,000 in rebates on sales and use taxes and permit-related fees by the city of Boulder, officials announced Thursday. *** ### In science: The important point of the present discussion is that this relation does not hold in the RFIM, since the hyperscaling relation, Eq. (1), is violated and replaced by the modiﬁed relation, Eq. (2). Finite size scaling in Ising-like systems with quenched random fields: Evidence of hyperscaling violation We would like to mention that the recursive relation among the orthogonal polynomials, in d variables, that appears in , leads to commutation relations among the annihilation, preservation, and creation operators, that cannot be related to the present work, but to the next paper. Two dimensional Meixner random vectors of class${\mathcal M}_L\$
In applications to the relativity theory one uses practically only the relation (2.6) for scalar product of two vectors, which does not use the special relations (1.2) - (1.9).
Monistic conception of geometry
However, if there always exists an independence relation |⌣ eq, if it exists, it is unique.(4 ) as the next lemma shows, the independence relation |⌣ eq be an independence relation on Ceq extending |⌣ .
Lovely pairs for independence relations
I emphasize its formulation as a generalized topological quantum ﬁeld theory with an inﬁnite number of degrees of freedom, and its relation to lattice theory. I list the indications supporting the conjecture that the model is related to general relativity and UV ﬁnite.
Simple model for quantum general relativity from loop quantum gravity
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