• Reindeer Messengers of Rescue
    Reindeer Messengers of Rescue
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n reindeer Arctic deer with large antlers in both sexes; called `reindeer' in Eurasia and `caribou' in North America
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Reindeer That Saved Three Hundred Lives Reindeer That Saved Three Hundred Lives

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Reindeer like to eat bananas
    • n Reindeer rān"dēr (Zool) Any ruminant of the genus Rangifer, of the Deer family, found in the colder parts of both the Eastern and Western hemispheres, and having long irregularly branched antlers, with the brow tines palmate.☞ The common European species (Rangifer tarandus) is domesticated in Lapland. The woodland reindeer or caribou (Rangifer caribou) is found in Canada and Maine (see Caribou.) The Barren Ground reindeer or caribou (Rangifer Grœnlandicus), of smaller size, is found on the shores of the Arctic Ocean, in both hemispheries.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The story of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer was written in 1939 for a store promotion by an advertising employee of the department store Montgomery Ward
    • n reindeer A deer of the genus Rangifer or Tarandus, having horns in both sexes, and inhabiting arctic and cold temperate regions; the Cervus tarandus, Rangifer tarandus, or Tarandus rangifer. It has branched, recurved, round antlers, the crowns of which are more or less palmated; the antlers of the male are much larger than those of the female, and are remarkable for the size and asymmetry of the brow-antler. The body is of a thick and square form, and the legs are shorter in proportion than those of the red-deer. The size varies much according to climate: about 4 feet 6 inches may be given as the average height of a full-grown specimen. The reindeer is keen of sight and swift of foot being capable of maintaining a speed of 9 or 10 miles an hour for a long time, and can easily draw a weight of 200 pounds, besides the sledge to which it is usually attached when used as a beast of draft. Among the Laplanders the reindeer is a substitute for the horse, the cow, and the sheep, as it furnishes food, clothing, and the means of conveyance. The caribou of North America, if not absolutely identical with the reindeer, would seem to be at least a well-marked variety, usually called R. caribou. The American barrenground reindeer has been described as a different species, R. grœnlandicus. See also cut under caribou.
    • n reindeer In heraldry, a stag having two sets of antlers, the one pair bending downward, and the other standing erect.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Author Robert May considered the names of Reginald and Rollo before he settled on "Rudolph, the red-nosed reindeer."
    • n Reindeer rān′dēr a kind of deer in the north, valuable for the chase and for domestic uses
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Icel. hreinn, reindeer + E. deer,. Icel. hreinn, is of Lapp or Finnish origin; cf. Lappish reino, pasturage
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ice. hreinn, and Eng. deer.


In literature:

When this magic reindeer was completed it was the swiftest and the finest-looking of all reindeer.
"Finnish Legends for English Children" by R. Eivind
"Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie in 1860-'61" by Abner Doubleday
The reindeer is a native of the northern regions only.
"The Conquest of Canada (Vol. 1 of 2)" by George Warburton
On approaching Pello, we saw our first reindeer, standing beside a hut.
"Northern Travel" by Bayard Taylor
Some helped them out, some stood like a guard, and some took their reindeer to drive them to the stable.
"Tommy Trots Visit to Santa Claus" by Thomas Nelson Page
They begin by scratching the reindeer, the most interesting object of sight.
"Aratra Pentelici, Seven Lectures on the Elements of Sculpture" by John Ruskin
The loss on board the Reindeer was twenty-three killed and forty-two wounded, her captain being among the former.
"Thrilling Narratives of Mutiny, Murder and Piracy" by Anonymous
They have reindeer which draw their sledges.
"Condemned as a Nihilist" by George Alfred Henty
The reindeer before the sledge were in a hurry to be off, and tinkled their silver bells right merrily.
"The Book of Stories for the Storyteller" by Fanny E. Coe
As for me I hain't been able to look a poor little reindeer in the face since.
"The Boy Scouts on the Yukon" by Ralph Victor

In poetry:

Altogether elsewhere, vast
Herds of reindeer move across
Miles and miles of golden moss,
Silently and very fast.
"The Fall of Rome" by W H Auden
"I own six hundred reindeer,
With sheep and swine beside;
I have tribute from the Finns,
Whalebone and reindeer-skins,
And ropes of walrus-hide.
"Discoverer Of The North Cape. A Leaf From King Alfred's Orosius. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Poor Santa Claus burst into tears,
Then calmed again: "my reindeer fleet,
I gave them up: on foot, my dears,
I now must plod through snow and sleet.
"The Hard Times In Elfland [A Story of Christmas Eve]" by Sidney Lanier
"`Instead of driving, as you do,
Six reindeer slow from house to house,
Let's build a Grand Trunk Railway through
From here to earth's last terminus.
"The Hard Times In Elfland [A Story of Christmas Eve]" by Sidney Lanier
My glory shall in future fly through distant Russia,
Each race in its own tongue shall name me far and wide,
The Slav, the Finn, the Kalmyk, all shall know me--
The Tungoose in his reindeer hide.
"The Memorial" by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin
She uses in her need
The fleetly-flying steed—
Now tries the rapid reindeer's strength, and now the camel slow;
Or, ere defiled by earth,
Unto her place of birth,
Returns upon the eagle's wing the Spirit of the Snow.
"The Spirit Of The Snow" by Denis Florence MacCarthy

In news:

Our Iron Chef Gingerbread competition pitted two teams of local high school students-- Team Elf & Team Reindeer-- against each other.
Sing along, to the tune of ' Grandma Got Run Over by a Reindeer.
4th Annual Greenwich Reindeer Festival & Santa's Workshop.
Scales back planned habitat protection for rare reindeer.
Proceeds from the 100 reindeer ornaments created for this week's Wilder Mansion Holiday Market by Donna Castellanos of Elmhurst will be donated to United Community Concerns Association.
Following one of the strangest races in the 2012 election cycle, Michigan's 11th district is sending Republican Kerry Bentivolio -- a Santa impersonating, Tea Party-backed reindeer farmer -- to Congress.
Just in time for Christmas, reindeer … on the menu.
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer (8 p.m.Dec.
4, CBS): Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer (8 p.m.Dec.
Just in time for Christmas, reindeer … on the menu.
Win a $75 gift card from Personal Creations after 6 AM with "Reindeer Games".
Radio Online had a list of the the "Top Ten Things Reindeer Hate".
Rudolph cheats at Reindeer Games.
We all know that reindeer fly, it's what powers Santa's sleigh.
No, for real, reindeer really fly in their heads.

In science:

Figure 1: Reindeer (real data in top panel).
Is It Real, or Is It Randomized?: A Financial Turing Test