• WordNet 3.6
    • n refiner one whose work is to refine a specific thing "he was a sugar refiner"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: American colonists discovered that superior candles could be made from the fruit of a squat bush growing in the sand dunes along the New England seashore. The small, grayish bayberry was picked, crushed, and boiled. It had to be skimmed several times before the pale, nearly transparent, green fat was sufficiently refined. Bayberry candles were highly prized, because so much labor and so many berries were needed to make just one candle.
    • n Refiner One who, or that which, refines.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n refiner One who refines liquors, sugar, metals, etc.
    • n refiner An improver in purity and elegance.
    • n refiner An inventor of superfluous subtleties; one who is overnice in discrimination, or in argument, reasoning, philosophy, etc.
    • n refiner One who indulges in excessive compliment; one who is over-civil; a flatterer.
    • n refiner An apparatus for refining; specifically, in England, a gas-purifier.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Refiner one who refuses anything: a piece of mechanism for refining, as a gas purifier
    • ***


  • Bible
    “Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. [Isaiah 48:10]”
  • Allan K. Chalmers
    Allan K. Chalmers
    “Crises refine life. In them you discover what you are.”
  • Roy L. Smith
    Roy L. Smith
    “Discipline is the refining fire by which talent becomes ability.”
  • Gaston Bachelard
    “Ideas are refined and multiplied in the commerce of minds. In their splendor, images effect a very simple communion of souls.”
  • Winston Churchill
    “The latest refinements of science are linked with the cruelties of the Stone Age.”
  • Albert Einstein
    “The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. re-, denoting change of state, and fine; cf. Fr. raffiner.


In literature:

The language used, would not offend the taste of any congregation, however refined.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Omnibus" by American Anti-Slavery Society
He was refined in his tastes, loved books, and tried even in boyhood to write poetry.
"The World's Great Men of Music" by Harriette Brower
It elevates, refines, sanctifies and purifies, and improves the whole man.
"Searchlights on Health" by B. G. Jefferis and J. L. Nichols
If endowed in the latter way, he must not be too glib or refined.
"Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 2 (of 6)" by Havelock Ellis
They have utterly forgot that social love of good eating which combines in one, Athenian elegance, Roman luxury, and Parisian refinement.
"Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol 6" by Various
Some of the most refined boys I have had the pleasure of caring for have been pronounced victims of solitary sin.
"Youth and Sex" by Mary Scharlieb and F. Arthur Sibly
The methods of execution were also refined devices of torture.
"Evolution Of The Japanese, Social And Psychic" by Sidney L. Gulick
His own taste in women was refined almost to nullity.
"The Divine Fire" by May Sinclair
One of the chief marks of advancing civilization is an increasing refinement of taste and desire.
"The Nervous Housewife" by Abraham Myerson
Do you desire to refine and elevate their souls with beauty and sublimity?
"The Christian Home" by Samuel Philips

In poetry:

Say, wretched Fancy! thus refined
From all that glads the simplest hind,
How rare that object which supplies
A charm for too discerning eyes!
"To a Lady of Quality, Fitting Up Her Library" by William Shenstone
These chosen precincts, set apart
For learned toil and holy shrines,
Yield willing homes to every art
That trains, or strengthens, or refines.
"For The Dedication Of The New City Library, Boston" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
And may thy father's taste refin'd
Still add new graces to thy mind;
And may'st thou to each charm impart
The gen'rous frankness of his heart.
"Valentine Verses" by Sir John Carr
Whate'er exalts, refines, and charms,
Invites to thought, to virtue warms;
Whate'er is perfect, fair, and good,
We owe to thee, sweet Solitude!
"The Search After Happiness. A Pastoral Drama" by Hannah More
To find thee ever faithful, kind,
My guard by night, my friend by day,
While those in friendship more refined
Have with my fortunes flown away.
"To my Spaniel Fanny" by Thomas Gent
To meet a friendship such as mine,
Such feelings must the soul refine,
As are not oft of mortal birth; —
'T is love, without a stain of earth.
"Friendship" by Maria Gowen Brooks

In news:

Homeowners are being bombarded with refinance solicitations from mortgage lenders across the land.
VIENNA, Dec 21— The Austrian police announced the arrest today of 5 men and the discovery of 10 counterfeit gold bars stamped with numbers and refiner's name to match 6,000 real bars stolen in Britain last month.
How can I refinance my vacation home.
Venezuela said it would obtain a $1 billion loan secured by oil sales of two American refining companies that it partly owns.
We'd like to refinance our loans to get a lower interest rate and take cash out of the rental property.
Thern's New Catalogue Features Design Refinements For Winches, Hoists & Cranes.
The Angelina & Neches River Authority, as the conduit bond issuer for the Gregg County Refining, LLC.
Watch as an intelligent green heron refines his fishing technique to make it work.
CVR Energy Announces Filing of Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering of CVR Refining.
Because of a Freddie Mac rule, Bonnie and Jay Silverstein of Bucks County say they're in "financial jail" - unable to refinance their home loan and save about $500 a month.
A lively, refined STOL winner 26 years in the making.
He is 15'3hands, refined, and has a beautiful head and eye.
Now, it's about refining, getting there.
Refiners must speak with clearer, unified voice.
President Barack Obama's latest mortgage-refinancing scheme overhauling the 2009 Home Affordable Refinance Program is sure proof that no matter how much things change, yet they remain the same.

In science:

The four scores are presented in order of increasing sophistication. They can be seen as increasingly refined interpretations of what it means for two words to co-occur, or increasingly refined interpretations of equation (2).
Mining the Web for Synonyms: PMI-IR versus LSA on TOEFL
The cell proposals have to be checked against the whole pattern, not only the 2030 first peak positions, and this produces cell parameters refinement as well as more data for estimating systematic extinctions from which one or several possible space groups are deduced.
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
P2/c space group, corresponding to 18 degrees of freedom. The final refinement was made by using the FULLPROF software.
SDPD Round Robin 2002 Results
Software Architecture started with "Stepwise refinement"2 from Niklaus Wirth and "Programming in the large"3 by DeRemer and Kron or even before.
Software Architecture Overview
Loram and Tallon very recently have restated the claim, looking at the matter from the perspective of their refined electronic specific heat analysis , that the energy-resolved STM results from the HTSC cuprates, as presented by J.C.
Examination of the claim by Loram and Tallon that the energy-resolved STM results, in their apparent inhomogeneity, misrepresent the true bulk behaviour of the HTSC cuprates