• WordNet 3.6
    • v refine make more complex, intricate, or richer "refine a design or pattern"
    • v refine make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of "refine a method of analysis","refine the constant in the equation"
    • v refine attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying "many valuable nutrients are refined out of the foods in our modern diet"
    • v refine improve or perfect by pruning or polishing "refine one's style of writing"
    • v refine reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; separate from extraneous matter or cleanse from impurities "refine sugar"
    • v refine treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition "refine paper stock","refine pig iron","refine oil"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: American colonists discovered that superior candles could be made from the fruit of a squat bush growing in the sand dunes along the New England seashore. The small, grayish bayberry was picked, crushed, and boiled. It had to be skimmed several times before the pale, nearly transparent, green fat was sufficiently refined. Bayberry candles were highly prized, because so much labor and so many berries were needed to make just one candle.
    • Refine To affect nicety or subtilty in thought or language. "He makes another paragraph about our refining in controversy."
    • Refine To become pure; to be cleared of feculent matter. "So the pure, limpid stream, when foul with stains,
      Works itself clear, and, as it runs, refines ."
    • Refine To improve in accuracy, delicacy, or excellence. "Chaucer refined on Boccace, and mended his stories.""But let a lord once own the happy lines,
      How the wit brightens! How the style refines !"
    • Refine To purify from what is gross, coarse, vulgar, inelegant, low, and the like; to make elegant or exellent; to polish; as, to refine the manners, the language, the style, the taste, the intellect, or the moral feelings. "Love refines The thoughts, and heart enlarges."
    • Refine To reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; to free from impurities; to free from dross or alloy; to separate from extraneous matter; to purify; to defecate; as, to refine gold or silver; to refine iron; to refine wine or sugar. "I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • refine To bring or reduce to a pure state; free from impurities; free from sediment; defecate; clarify; fine: as, to refine liquor, sugar, or petroleum.
    • refine In metallurgy, to bring into a condition of purity as complete as the nature of the ore treated will allow. Used chiefly with reference to gold and silver, especially with reference to the separation'(parting) of these two metals from each other and from the baser metals with which they are combined in what are known as bullion-bars or bricks of mixed metals, as they come from the mills located at or near the mines. Refining is, in general, the last stage or stages in the metallurgical treatment of an ore. As the term refining is commonly used with reference to the manufacture of iron, it means the partial decarburization and purification of pig in the open-hearth furnace, for the purpose of rendering it more suitable for use in the puddling-furnace in which the process of converting it into malleable iron is completed. This method of puddling is called dry puddling. The operation of converting pig- into wrought-iron in the open-hearth furnace, when begun and completed without puddling, is generally called fining, and in this process charcoal or coke is used. There are many modifications of the fining process, but the principle is the same in all. In puddling, raw coal is used, and the fuel does not come in contact with the metal; in fining, the ore and fuel (either charcoal or coke) are together upon the same hearth. The various fining processes for converting pig- into wrought-iron, with charcoal as fuel, were of great importance before the invention of puddling, by which method much the larger part of the wrought-iron now used in the world is prepared, and this is done, for the most part, without previous partial decarburization of the pig in the refinery, by the process known as wet puddling, or pig-boiling. See puddle and finery.
    • refine To purify from what is gross, coarse, debasing, low, vulgar, inelegant, rude, clownish, and the like; make elegant; raise or educate, as the taste; give culture to; polish: as, to refine the manners, taste, language, style, intellect, or moral feelings.
    • refine To become pure; be cleared of feculent matter.
    • refine To improve in accuracy, delicacy, or in anything that constitutes excellence.
    • refine To exhibit nicety or subtlety in thought or language, especially excessive nicety.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Refine rē-fīn′ to separate from extraneous matter: to reduce to a fine or pure state: to purify: to clarify: to polish: to make elegant: to purify the manners, morals, language, &c
    • v.i Refine to become fine or pure: to affect nicety: to improve in any kind of excellence
    • ***


  • Mark Twain
    “She was not quite what you would call refined. She was not quite what you would call unrefined. She was the kind of person that keeps a parrot.”
  • Allan K. Chalmers
    Allan K. Chalmers
    “Crises refine life. In them you discover what you are.”
  • Roy L. Smith
    Roy L. Smith
    “Discipline is the refining fire by which talent becomes ability.”
  • Frederick W. Robertson
    Frederick W. Robertson
    “Men... are bettered and improved by trial, and refined out of broken hopes and blighted expectations.”
  • Winston Churchill
    “The latest refinements of science are linked with the cruelties of the Stone Age.”
  • Albert Einstein
    “The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Pref. re-, + fine, to make fine: cf. F. raffiner,


In literature:

A little trimming of the beard, fashionable clothes, refined surroundings and you'd have a father that any girl might be proud of!
"Joyce of the North Woods" by Harriet T. Comstock
No film, no refinement on their speech, no art of music removes them from us.
"Musical Portraits" by Paul Rosenfeld
They are neither refined nor intellectual.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
He is handsome and refined-looking; I think you must have met him.
"Debit and Credit" by Gustav Freytag
I love a duke, but I love a duke that is refined more.
"Henrietta Temple A Love Story" by Benjamin Disraeli
Her very purity refined the passion which raged even in his exhausted mind.
"The Young Duke" by Benjamin Disraeli
The Greeks, who were artists in words, were the most refined voluptuaries of antiquity.
"The Child of Pleasure" by Gabriele D'Annunzio
Woodrow Wilson's is an elegant and highly refined intellect, nicely balanced and capable of fine adjustment.
"A Preface to Politics" by Walter Lippmann
Then you would be really addressing refined people.
"The Story of a Play" by W. D. Howells
And wherever there are lovers of refined, noble melody, there will the music of Mozart be loved.
"A Popular History of the Art of Music" by W. S. B. Mathews

In poetry:

Eternally young, like a dream,
Strong with love
For myself and others,
I am refined verse.
"" I am the refinement of sluggish Russian speech..."" by Konstantin Dmitrievich Balmont
I strive to lift my mind
To God's most holy throne;
And, with my thought refined,
To think on Heaven alone.
"Sin Of The Choral Singer" by James Avis Bartley
To bid the suff'ring soul aspire
A higher bliss to prove,
To wake the pure, refin'd desire,
The hope that rests above!
"Edwin and Eltruda, a Legendary Tale" by Helen Maria Williams
Oh! crown'd with many a roseate year,
Bless'd may she be who plac'd thee here,
Until the tear of love
Shall tremble in the eye to find
Her spirit, spotless and refin'd,
Borne to the realms above!
"Lines To An Auricula, Belonging To----" by Sir John Carr
The nymph-like robe, the natural grace,
The smile, the native of the face,
Refinement without art;
They eye where pure affection beams,
The tear from tenderness that streams;
The accents of the heart;
"Ode to Women" by John Logan
Adversity refines the soul,
Opens the watercourse where roll
The waves of after-joy. It sweeps
The earth's defilements as it flows,
And smooths the grave for sweet repose,
Where the world-wearied pilgrim sleeps.
"Adversity salutary" by John Bowring

In news:

A Newly Refined Tool For Right-To-Use Analyses.
After years of consumer campaigns against high fructose corn syrup, the Corn Refiners Association has decided to change the name of this controversial sweetener to Corn Sugar.
This undated television advertisement provided by The Corn Refiners Association, shows a corn maze shaped like a question mark.
Brian Milne, Refined Fuels Editor, Telvent DTN.
The historic downtown area of this South Carolina city, often called Museum Mile, is a relaxing, refined dip into Southern history.
Not as refined as other Windows-based image editors.
In fact, it happens only about once a decade, if you consider that the Pentium II, the Pentium III, and the Pentium 4 are refinements of the same basic platform.
Cool, refined, intelligent, stylish, ladylike and usually blond.
Company to use funding to refinance existing debt, support future growth.
City lowers fleet expenses by using re-refined motor oil and antifreeze in all vehicles.
The Kahuna offered a refined package with high-quality parts.
Tenova Core has been contracted by Metallix Refining Inc to design and supply a custom roller- hearth -type furnace.
Thermal Technology Delivers High-Temp Zone Refiner .
Thermal Technology (Santa Rosa, Calif.) has delivered and installed a high-temperature zone refiner .
Parrish suggests that Hoosier seek a lower interest rate through the Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP).

In science:

This rule is not only a simple reformulation of an expression, but it also refines the set into an explicit representation, using a matrix. refinement is a function that returns the representation of its parameter.
Conjure Revisited: Towards Automated Constraint Modelling
The most basic query parameters will be the minimum and maximum value for the wavelength range. Additional parameters may be used to refine the search or to model physical scenarios.
IVOA Recommendation: Simple Line Access Protocol Version 1.0
Also, system functionalities and its framework reflect the required structural relationships between classes, which can be refined to more detailed generation, associations, links or dependencies.
Fostering continuous innovation in design with an integrated knowledge management approach
Refined Exponential Concentration for Bounded Random Matrices Although Theorem 4.1 is a strong result, the hypothesis ∆X 4 cX + v I on the conditional variance is too stringent for many situations of interest.
Matrix Concentration Inequalities via the Method of Exchangeable Pairs
This stage helped us to refine our goals and to focus on our users‟ needs.
U-Note: Capture the Class and Access it Everywhere