recitative

Definitions

  • cartoon, male reciter
    cartoon, male reciter
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n recitative a vocal passage of narrative text that a singer delivers with natural rhythms of speech
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Throughout his career, DeWolf Hopper recited Casey at the Bat" over 10,000 times.
    • n Recitative rĕs`ĭ*tȧ*tēv" (Mus) A species of musical recitation in which the words are delivered in a manner resembling that of ordinary declamation; also, a piece of music intended for such recitation; -- opposed to melisma.
    • a Recitative Of or pertaining to recitation; intended for musical recitation or declamation; in the style or manner of recitative.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • recitative In music, in the style of a recitative; as if spoken.
    • n recitative In music:
    • n recitative A form or style of song resembling declamation—that is, in which regularity of rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic structure is reduced to the minimum. It is a union of song and speech, with the emphasis sometimes on one element and sometimes on the other, but with a careful avoidance of technical “form” in the musical sense. The division into phrases is properly governed by rhetorical reasons only. The strictly tonal and metrical qualities of a balanced melody are usually but meagerly represented. The sequence of harmonies and of tonalities is often entirely unrestricted. An unaccompanied recitative (recitativo secco) has only a few detached instrumental chords, or a basso continuo, to suggest or sketch the harmonic basis of the melody. Accompaniments of this sort have been given at different periods to different instruments, such as the harpsichord, the violoncello, or the string orchestra alone. An accompanied recitative (recitativo stromentato) has a continuous instrumental background, which occasionally becomes highly descriptive or dramatic, and may be assigned to a full orchestra. This variety of recitative passes over insensibly into the arioso and the aria parlante. The recitative was invented, in the latter part of the sixteenth century, in the course of an attempt by certain Florentine musicians to recover the dramatic declamation of the ancient Greeks. Its recognition as a legitimate style of composition opened the way for the development of the dramatic forms of the opera and the oratorio, in both of which it has always retained a prominent place. Its value in such extended forms is due to its adaptability to descriptive, explanatory, and epic matter generally, as well as to strictly dramatic utterance of every kind. It has been customary to introduce lyric arias by recitatives; but in the operatic works of the present century the formal distinction between recitative and aria has been more or less abandoned as arbitrary. The melos of Wagner is an intermediate form, capable of extension in either direction. Also recitation.
    • n recitative A section, passage, or movement in the style described above.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Recitative (-tēv′) (mus.) a style of song resembling declamation, a kind of union of song and speech
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Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Master and Doctor are my titles; for ten years now, without repose, I held my erudite recitals and led my pupils by the nose.”
  • W. Somerset Maugham
    W.%20Somerset%20Maugham
    “The world is quickly bored by the recital of misfortune, and willing avoids the sight of distress.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Stay at home in your mind. Don't recite other people's opinions. I hate quotations. Tell me what you know.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
It. recitativo, or F. récitatif,. See Recite
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. réciter—L. recitāre—L. re-, again, citāre, -ātum, to call.

Usage

In literature:

On the third floor are two recitation rooms, with a seating capacity of eighty and fifty, respectively.
"The New England Magazine Volume 1, No. 3, March, 1886" by Various
The recitative is followed by an impressive six-part chorus ("Hear, Jacob's God") in the true church style.
"The Standard Oratorios" by George P. Upton
The organ recital gripped my soul.
"Patchwork" by Anna Balmer Myers
Recitations or declamations, essays, and debates upon questions previously selected, constitute the regular exercises at these meetings.
"The Island Home" by Richard Archer
Parents object to every lesson out of school, so the whole period of preparation and recitation is pressed into the school-hours.
"The Education of American Girls" by Anna Callender Brackett
Inside the schoolhouse it was nice and cool, with a large entry and recitation-room, and flowers on the desks and tables.
"The Twin Cousins" by Sophie May
I am obliged to study very hard to make good recitations.
"Marjorie Dean High School Freshman" by Pauline Lester
At two-thirty in the afternoon there was a general exodus from the classrooms, the recitations for the day being over.
"Blue Bonnet in Boston" by Caroline E. Jacobs
On the day it was recited, Emmy Lou had lacked sufficient time to grasp it.
"Emmy Lou" by George Madden Martin
When Alene's turn came and she stepped forward rather timidly to recite, Ivy listened eagerly to her rendition.
"Peggy-Alone" by Mary Agnes Byrne
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In poetry:

The Chaplain's recital is ended:--no word
From Alice's white, breathless lips has been heard;
Till, rousing herself from her passionless woe,
She simply and quietly says--"I will go."
"Beechenbrook - IX" by Margaret Junkin Preston
For during the defence of Mafeking
From grief he kept the people's hearts from breaking,
Because he sang to them and did recite
Passages from Shakespeare which did their hearts delight.
"The Relief of Mafeking" by William Topaz McGonagall
At Bath, and at Brighton, I oft did recite,--
They told me my efforts to please gave delight;
It sure did me honour, but still I'd in view,
That I ne'er could feel pleas'd till approv'd of by you.
"An Introductory Song" by Elizabeth Beverley
To town I am come, as good folks you may see,
Pray what do you think now, my object may be?
'Tis to read and recite from fam'd Milton and Pope,
For in town, they all told me, that genius had scope.
"An Introductory Song" by Elizabeth Beverley
Mine to obey, thy part is to ordain:
And though to mention be to suffer pain,
If the king smiles whilst I my wo recite
If weeping I find favour in his sight,
Flow fast my tears, full rising his delight.
"Solomon on the Vanity of the World, A Poem. In Three Books. - Pleasure. Book II." by Matthew Prior
Whate'er thy countrymen have done
By law and wit, by sword and gun,
In thee is faithfully recited,
And all the living world that view
Thy work, give thee the praises due
At once instructed and delighted.
"Written In The Beginning Of Mezeray's History Of France" by Matthew Prior

In news:

It's been about four years since organist Mary Ellen Strahm has done a recital.
Residents recite a litany of woes with Haven.
On Sat­ur­day evening my sweet­heart and I were invited to a music recital and jam.
Music for LunchPianist Geisa Dutra performs on this free weekly lunchtime recital series at Sherman Clay Showroom, 1624 Fourth Ave, 206-622-7580.
The two appeared last Tuesday night in a program at Weill Recital Hall that failed to compensate in competence for its overriding aura of placid stolidity.
SCHENECTADY – There's no hiding in a song recital.
Burnette in organ recital Sunday.
The festival starts on Thursday and runs through the 13th at TCU's PepsiCo Recital Hall.
Roger Mastroianni The violinist Midori gave a recital Monday with pianist Ozgur Aydin in the Mixon Hall Masters Series at the Cleveland Institute of Music.
Join us for a special broadcast of the Chapel Rededication Celebration Hymn Festival and the inaugural recital of the new Holtkanp organ recorded February 24, 25, 2007.
The Lamoille North Supervisory Union board voted to allow the Pledge of Allegiance to be recited before its meetings begin.
0The group recited the Pledge of Allegiance and read the names of those who died in each war.
It would be going too far to call Giovanni Bellucci's Saturday afternoon piano recital at the Kennedy Center Terrace Theater a complete success.
15 each morning, Bob features a school each week to recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
Pledge of Allegiance loses some meaning in uniform recitation.
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In science:

After initial attempts at keeping exact account of these assumptions resulted in cumbersome mantra recited before every statement, I decided to indicate their necessity by a simple (LC) in the wording of the lemmas.
Countable Support Iteration Revisited
However, it is to be noted that in practise, as recited above, despite ’theoretical’ calculations as to the point of separation, other factors come into play, including the fact that the presence of any turbulence in the flow could actually delay flow separation.
The Exact General Solution of Painlev\'e's Sixth Equation (PVI) and The Exact General Solution of the Navier Stokes Equations with Applications to Boundary Layer Problems
No new principles other than those recited above have been used in the resolution of other elements of the Navier Stokes equations.
The Exact General Solution of Painlev\'e's Sixth Equation (PVI) and The Exact General Solution of the Navier Stokes Equations with Applications to Boundary Layer Problems
The classes are taught in fairly traditional structure, with three hours of large lecture (N ~ 200) per week, one hour of small-group recitation (N = 24), and two hours of laboratory.
The role of context and culture in teaching physics: The implication of disciplinary differences
Most people who recite this litany do not realize that we have at least one possible solution already in hand.
Theoretical Summary Lecture for EPS HEP99
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