presupposition

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n presupposition the act of presupposing; a supposition made prior to having knowledge (as for the purpose of argument)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Presupposition That which is presupposed; a previous supposition or surmise.
    • Presupposition The act of presupposing; an antecedent implication; presumption.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n presupposition Supposition in advance of experience or knowledge; surmise; conjecture.
    • n presupposition Postulation as of an antecedent condition; hence, that which is postulated as a necessary antecedent condition; a prerequisite.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Pref. pre-, + supposition,: cf. F. présupposition,

Usage

In literature:

We have seen that such questions cannot be approached without presuppositions.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
The logical presupposition of instruction is the order in which the subject-matter develops for the consciousness.
"Pedagogics as a System" by Karl Rosenkranz
The presupposition is not irrational.
"God and Mr. Wells" by William Archer
Neither of these mental presuppositions are anywhere fulfilled in the animal world.
"Anarchism" by E. V. Zenker
There is a necessary presupposition to this origin and birth of capital.
"Landmarks of Scientific Socialism" by Friedrich Engels
His problem is to discover the presupposition of this presupposition.
"Kant's Theory of Knowledge" by Harold Arthur Prichard
They have suppositions, presuppositions, which are true.
"Letters from a Father to His Son Entering College" by Charles Franklin Thwing
No ambiguous comparisons or references are wanted, no presupposition of any thing already known.
"Lives of Eminent Zoologists, from Aristotle to Linnæus" by William MacGillivray
I consume my presupposition, and nothing else, and exist only in consuming it.
"The Ego and His Own" by Max Stirner
Does not the action of Saul, on a famous occasion, involve exactly the same theological presuppositions?
"Essays Upon Some Controverted Questions" by Thomas H. Huxley
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In news:

Competing in the Olympic debut of women's saber, Zagunis changed both the presuppositions about her and the world view on US fencers .
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In science:

So the idea is to admit that Tooleyan velocity presupposes persistence: but to urge that rotation etc. can be functionally defined without such a presupposition.
On the Persistence of Homogeneous Matter
More specifically, I argued that velocity was almost intrinsic, and that we could even define a quantity, welocity, that in a sense avoids velocity’s presupposition of persistence.
On the Persistence of Homogeneous Matter
According to this, the generalized Feynman rules of quantum electrodynamics have been determined by calculating the propagators under presupposition of the generalized momentum eigenstates and extracting the vertices from the expressions of the action expressed explicitly in terms of the gauge potential.
Gauge Theories under Incorporation of a Generalized Uncertainty Principle
However, the presented modification of gravity could be seen as a semiclassical approximation to a quantum theory of gravity in the sense that the existence of a minimal length is a presupposition for such a theory and not a consequence.
Gauge Theories under Incorporation of a Generalized Uncertainty Principle
According to this presupposition there have to be given generalized representations of the operators referring to the observables in the canonical approach of a quantum description of general relativity.
Generalized Quantization Principle in Canonical Quantum Gravity and Application to Quantum Cosmology
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