petroleum

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n petroleum a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: One barrel of petroleum holds 42 gallons
    • n Petroleum Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper strata of the earth, from whence it is pumped, or forced by pressure of the gas attending it. It consists of a complex mixture of various hydrocarbons, largely of the methane series, but may vary much in appearance, composition, and properties. It is refined by distillation, and the products include kerosene, benzine, gasoline, paraffin, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Nylon is a man-made fibre that is made from coal and petroleum
    • n petroleum An oily substance of great economical importance, especially as a source of light, occurring naturally oozing from crevices in rocks, or floating on the surface of water, and also obtained in very large quantity in various parts of the world by boring into the rock; rock-oil. Petroleum was known to the Persians, Greeks, and Romans under the name of naphtha; the less liquid varieties were calledα%27σφαλτος by the Greeks, and bitumen was with the Romans a generic name for all the naturally occurring hydrocarbons which are now included under the names of asphaltum, maltha, and petroleum. The last name was not in use in classic times. The existence of petroleum in Pennsylvania and New York has been known from almost the earliest time of the settlement of those States by Europeans, but it was not until 1859, when oil was obtained by boring at Titusville on Oil Creek, a branch of the Allegheny River, that it began to be of commercial importance. At the present time the production of crude petroleum reaches an amount nearly equal to thirty millions of barrels a year, and the value of the exports of this article in various forms amounts to almost $50, 000, 000 a year, nearly all the material exported being furnished by the oil-fields of Pennsylvania and western New York. The crude oil undergoes refining, and is put upon the market in various forms (see kerosene, naphtha, rhigolene, etc.), but much the largest part of this product has the form of an oil suitable for burning in lamps in all parts of the world. The only other oil-producing region in the world at all comparing with that of Pennsylvania and New York is at and near Baku, on the Caspian, where the existence of oil has been known from time immemorial, but where its commercial importance has only recently been realized. The exported petroleums of the United States are chiefly from rocks of Devonian age; those of Baku occur in the Tertiary. An important part of the transportation of the crude material in the United States is effected by pipes laid beneath the surface, through which the oil is forced.
    • n petroleum Of the entire product of petroleum throughout the world approximately 50 per cent. is furnished by Russia, 40 per cent, by the United States, and 10 per cent. by Canada, Austria, Rumania, the Sunda Islands, Burmah, Japan, and (in quite small proportion) Germany, South America, and Italy. California, Texas, and Kansas have of late largely increased their output, chiefly of crude fuel-oil, while in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia there has been a diminished yield. It should be noted that American and Russian petroleum differ materially in chemical composition, the former consisting mainly of hydrocarbons of the paraffin series, while the latter represent chiefly naphthenes, isomeric but not identical with the members of the olefine series.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Banana oil never saw a banana; it's made from petroleum.
    • n Petroleum pē-trō′lē-um a liquid inflammable substance issuing or pumped up from the earth in various parts of the world
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., fr. L. petra, a rock + oleum, oil: cf. F. pétrole,. Cf. Petrify, and Oil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. petra, rock, oleum, oil.

Usage

In literature:

Large sums were expended in this vicinity in boring for petroleum; but none of any account was found.
"Asiatic Breezes" by Oliver Optic
Iraq will continue increasing domestic prices for refined petroleum products and sell imported fuel at market prices.
"The Iraq Study Group Report" by United States Institute for Peace
Coal beds, petroleum basins, the works.
"Citadel" by Algirdas Jonas Budrys
In addition we had ten petroleum cans full of water; all told, a supply for four days.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 4, July, 1915" by Various
Petroleum exists, no doubt, and is an important addition to our national wealth.
"The Humbugs of the World" by P. T. Barnum
Petroleum or kerosene is a good remedy.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
Scarcely does a human footstep come to rouse the petroleum-sluggish echoes.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 147, October 14, 1914" by Various
In the development of petroleum Mr. Bissell was a leading pioneer; perhaps he justly deserves the pre-eminence in this great work.
"The History of Dartmouth College" by Baxter Perry Smith
I may mention that the petroleum industry is growing in Japan.
"The Empire of the East" by H. B. Montgomery
Petroleum is also highly localized.
"The Next Step" by Scott Nearing
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In news:

Sea Foam continues to manufacture its additives using the same petroleum based formula developed by the company's founder, Fred Fandrei back in the 1930's.
Model AFC-653 mobile filter cart has its own 24-V power supply that allows conditioning and transferring of petroleum.
Sentry Petroleum Ltd, Denver, said that Charles Barker has joined the company as vice-president for unconventional resources.
Fueling & Petroleum Handling Equipment.
The American Petroleum Institute and the Renewable Fuels Association spar over E15's impact on vehicle engines.
Delta BioRenewables uses sweet sorghum to squeeze out petroleum alternative in Memphis.
Laredo Petroleum Majority Stakeholder to Offer 12.5 Million Shares.
Impacts of the Proposed Integrity Testing Requirements for Underground Petroleum Storage Tank System Double-walled Piping.
This issue was launched in the Egypt Section monthly meeting and later distributed to major petroleum companies and campuses.
International Energy Agency Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven said she sees no reason for a release from the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR).
The other 30% of Somon Oil is owned by DWM Petroleum AG, a subsidiary of Manas Petroleum Corp.
Emco Wheaton, in collaboration with Hi-G- Tek of Maryland USA has reached agreement to supply a range of wireless RFID sealed delivery solutions for petroleum tanker trucks and transports.
Increases energy independence by alleviating the need for petroleum-based toner .
Construction of a British Petroleum station and convenience market off Harvey Road may have killed an earmarked project involving McFee Road.
Max Waggoner and Joann King were married Oct 11, 1952, in Enid, Okla. Max is retired from Champlin Petroleum and Joann worked for Enid Public Schools and Enid State School before retiring.
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In science:

This research is supported in part by a grant from the Egyptian National Telecommunication Regularity Authority (NTRA) and in part by a grant from British Petroleum.
Randomization for Security in Half-Duplex Two-Way Gaussian Channels
Acknowledgements: Acknowledgement is made to the donors of the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund (grant PRF #47624−G6) for partial support of this research (VB).
Efficient pseudo-random number generators for biomolecular simulations on graphics processors
He also thanks the University of Glasgow for the hospitality and the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) for the financial support.
A Dual Zariski Topology for Modules
Col lege of Mathematics and Computational Science, China University of Petroleum, Dongying, 257061, China. bState Key Laboratory of Information Security (Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences), Beijing, China.
Linear Complexity of Ding-Helleseth Generalized Cyclotomic Binary Sequences of Any Order
Proc. 4-th World Petroleum Congress, Rome, 1955. — P. 579-586. 3. Geertsma J., de Klerk F. A rapid method of predicting width and extent of hydraulically induced fractures // J.
PKN problem for non-Newtonian fluid
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