# perspective

## Definitions

• A Perspective View of MONTREAL in Canada, 1760
• WordNet 3.6
• n perspective the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer
• n perspective a way of regarding situations or topics etc. "consider what follows from the positivist view"
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PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF MACHINERY IN FULTON'S CLERMONT

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Perspective A drawing in linear perspective.
• Perspective A glass through which objects are viewed. "Not a perspective , but a mirror."
• Perspective Of or pertaining to the science of vision; optical.
• Perspective Pertaining to the art, or in accordance with the laws, of perspective.
• Perspective That which is seen through an opening; a view; a vista. "The perspective of life."
• Perspective The art and the science of so delineating objects that they shall seem to grow smaller as they recede from the eye; -- called also linear perspective.
• Perspective The effect of distance upon the appearance of objects, by means of which the eye recognized them as being at a more or less measurable distance. Hence, aërial perspective, the assumed greater vagueness or uncertainty of outline in distant objects. "Aërial perspective is the expression of space by any means whatsoever, sharpness of edge, vividness of color, etc."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• perspective Optical; used in viewing or prospecting: used especially in the phrase perspective glass—that is, a telescope, and specifically a terrestrial as distinguished from an astronomical telescope.
• perspective Of or pertaining to the art of representing solid objects upon a flat surface.
• perspective Represented in perspective; throughly and duly proportioned in its parts; not anamorphous or distorted; true: as, a perspective plan. See II.
• n perspective A reflecting glass or combination of glasses producing some kind of optical delusion or anamorphous effect when viewed in one way, but presenting objects in their true forms when viewd in another.
• n perspective A magnifying-glass; a telescope; a spy-glass.
• n perspective The art of representing solid objects on a flat surface so that when they are viewed the eye is affected in the same manner as it would be by viewing objects themselves from a given point. By perspective, in common language, is meant linear perspective, or the art of delineating the outlines of objects, of their shadows, and of their reflections. The theory is that the positions of the delineated points in the picture are such that if rays, or straight lines, were drawn from the corresponding original points in the natural objects to the eye of the spectator, and if the picture were then interposed in the right position, it would be pierced by these rays st the points of delineation. It follows that perspective supposes that a picture is to be looked at with one eye placed in a particular position; and if it be otherwise looked at, the perspective necessarily appears false. This position of the eye, called the station point, or point of sight (which phrase with old writers has, however, another meaning), is according to the directions of most treatises, placed much too near the picture to represent the mean position of a person looking at it. Artists consequently find it necessary to modify the forms which strict perspective would perscribe. To ascertain how an original line or plane (that is, a line or plane in nature) is to be dilineated, we have to consider, first, the intersecting point or line, also called the intersection of the original line or plane (that is, the point or line where the original line or plane, extended if necessary, cuts the plane of delineation, or the plane of the picture extended to infinity); and, second, the vanishing point of the original line, or the vanishing line of the original plane (that is, the poin or line where the plane of delineation is cut by a line or plane passing through the eye parallel to the original line or plane). An original line is represented by some portion of the line from its intersecting point to its vanishing point; and every line in a given original plane has its intersecting point on the intersecting line and its vanishing point on the vanishing line of that plane. It is also proper to consider the directing plane, or plane through the eye parallel to the picture; the directing line, or line in which the directing plane cuts an original plane; the directing point, or point in which the directing plane is pierced by an original line; and the director, or line from the eye to a directing point. It is furather necessary to take account of the direct radial, or principal visual ray, being the perpendicular let fall from the eye upon the plane of delineation; the center of the picture, or center of vision (called by old writeras the point of sight), being the foot of that perpendicular; and the principal distance, or distance of the picture, being the perpendicular distance of the plane of delineation from the eye. The ground-plane is the level plane on which the spectator is supposed to stand. The horizontal line, or horizon, is the line in which the level plane thorugh the eye cuts the picture, passing ordinarly through the center. This would better be termed the horizondal line at infinity, for, owing to the dip of the horizon (which see, under dip), it differs sensibly from the delineation of the true horizon. Linear perspective is merely a branch of descriptive geometry, itself an appliction of projective geometry. Perspective is intimately connected with the arts of design, and is particularly necessarly in the art of painting, as without a correct observances of Perspective no picture can have truth. Perspective is illustrated in the correct dellineation of even the simplest positions of objects.
• n perspective A drawing or representation in perspective; specifically, a painting so placed at the end of an alley, a garden, or the like, as to presenst the appearance of continuing it, and thus produce the impression of greater length or extent. Stage scenic painting is of this nature.
• n perspective Prospect; View; Vista.
• n perspective Proper or just proportion; appropriate realtion of parts to one another and to the whole view, subject, etc.
• perspective In geometry, said of two figures when each point of one can be so paired with a point of the other that the joins of all the pairs concur in one point.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• n Perspective per-spek′tiv a view or a vista: the art of drawing objects on a plane surface, so as to give the picture the same appearance to the eye as the objects themselves: just proportion in all the parts: a telescope or field-glass: a picture in perspective
• adj Perspective pertaining or according to perspective
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## Quotations

• Stephen R. Covey
“If you're proactive, you don't have to wait for circumstances or other people to create perspective expanding experiences. You can consciously create your own.”
• Elizabeth Wilson
“Postmodernism refuses to privilege any one perspective, and recognizes only difference, never inequality, only fragments, never conflict.”
• Al Neuharth
“The difference between a mountain and a molehill is your perspective.”
• Charles A. Garfield
“Values provide perspective in the best of times and worst.”
• Denis Waitley
“You must look within for value, but must look beyond for perspective.”

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. perspicere, perspectum, to look through; per + spicere, specere, to look: cf. F. perspectif,; or from E. perspective, n. See Spy (n.)

## Usage

### In literature:

They brought him in, and he is probably still trying to get a perspective on the occurrence.
"The Insurrection in Dublin" by James Stephens
But, after all, what was a pound a week, viewed in a proper perspective?...
"The Price of Love" by Arnold Bennett
Somehow or other, though, I seem to have lost my sense of perspective.
"The Great Prince Shan" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
But when the real eyes open, the inner eyes that see the unseen, the change of perspective is first ludicrous, then terrific, then pathetic.
"Quiet Talks on Prayer" by S. D. (Samuel Dickey) Gordon
The perspective of the street recalled the days when she used to stand at the window wondering if nothing would ever happen to her.
"Evelyn Innes" by George Moore
DR. BROOK TAYLOR'S PERSPECTIVE.
"Notes & Queries, No. 9, Saturday, December 29, 1849" by Various
Harriet stepped over by the stove to get a different perspective of the interior of the old craft.
"The Meadow-Brook Girls Afloat" by Janet Aldridge
Such a suggestion may help us to see these puzzling phenomena in their true nature and perspective.
"Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 1 (of 6)" by Havelock Ellis
It was difficult for me to place a "universal" view in its true perspective.
"Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 5 (of 6)" by Havelock Ellis
Even now, as I write, looking at things more or less in perspective, I cannot say that I know my Adrian.
"Jaffery" by William J. Locke
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### In poetry:

By all the precepts of perspective
Well-surfaced highway windings rush
Among the fields, among the meadows,
Not raising dust, nor stuck in slush.
And, might you tread those starry streets
To where those long perspectives bend,
O you would cast you down and die—
Street upon street, world without end.
"The World Is Wide" by Richard Le Gallienne
about the New, the von Brauns and their ilk, where
on August mornings I can count the morning
glories where to die has a meaning,
and no engine can shift my perspective.
"Moon Landing" by W H Auden
I talk to the canvases that put my life in danger,
Hang them from clouds and trees,
Step back for some perspective.
You can easily engage the Italian masters in conversation.
"Paintings" by Marin Sorescu
In distant perspective unruffled it lies,
Except for the packet that paddles and plies,
And puffing its way like a pioneer makes
Its daily go-round o'er this pearl of the lakes.
"Holiday Home." by Hattie Howard
'Perspective betrays with its dichotomy:
train tracks always meet, not here, but only
in the impossible mind's eye;
horizons beat a retreat as we embark
on sophist seas to overtake that mark
where wave pretends to drench real sky.'
"Love Is A Parallax" by Sylvia Plath

### In news:

"It really puts those dreams into perspective for me, that if I put my heart toward something, I can get there," he said.
As this personal perspective notes, looking for the real causes of problems is a more effective approach than simply pointing a finger at others.
A little historical perspective might be helpful.
It is funny how 15 years of marriage — a milestone my wife and I celebrated this summer — can put a fresh perspective on Scripture texts you know almost by heart you've heard them so often.
Risking his life to film the systematic murder of his fellow countrymen during the civil war, Sorious Samura describes in Cry Freetown , (On CNN Perspectives.
Taking a tour of someone else's facility can help put your own shop's wins and losses in proper perspective.
As the former farm director and field coordinator, he also has an interesting perspective.
Business of Online Retail Startups from Insider's Perspective.
We saw some softness early, but had a good finish wouldn't say it was great, but OK. From the perspective of a US manufacturer, the competitive nature of the business is a real challenge.
Paris Hilton's Gay Comments: Let Me Put This In Perspective.
A Political Perspective by Robert E Hartley Rand McNally, 247 pp.
The moraines were formed 12,000 to 15,000 years ago, which from a geologist's perspective is fairly recent.
This resource highlights the unique needs of aging patients in a physician practice through a design/practice management perspective.
The Retailer's Perspective: Let's Get it ON .
ANDERSON — Former Congressman Gresham Barrett will appear at the Anderson Chamber of Commerce Toast 'N Topics to give his perspective on the state of politics and the coming election.
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### In science:

From a more recent perspective this is not the case.
A String Approximation for Cooper Pair in High-T$_{\bf c}$ superconductivity
The design of this perspective of the GRB Tool Shed is least developed at this time.
A GRB Tool Shed
It is worth including some interesting known examples of rational polynomials from the perspective used in this paper.
Rational polynomials of simple type
Vasiliev, ”Scalar Field in any Dimension from the Higher Spin Gauge Theory Perspective”, hep-th/0003123.
Point particle in general background fields and generalized equivalence principle
In the next section we will understand this result from a different perspective.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
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