• WordNet 3.6
    • n paillasse mattress consisting of a thin pad filled with straw or sawdust
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Paillasse An under bed or mattress of straw.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n paillasse Originally, a straw bed; in modern upholstery, an under-mattress.
    • n paillasse A garment trimmed, with plaited straw sewed on like galloon or passement: women's dresses were so ornamented about 1785.
    • n paillasse A buffoon whose costume was generally striped like the ticking or stuff of which the covering of a mattress is made, whence the name: a character assumed by masqueraders.
    • n paillasse A solid bed of masonry, as for the floor of an oven or furnace; by extension, any pedestal or base-block built of masonry if of considerable dimensions.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Paillasse pa-lyas′ a small bed, originally made of chaff or straw: an under mattress of straw
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. paille, straw. See Pallet a bed
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—paille, straw—L. palea, chaff.


In literature:

The pods and stalks are used for fuel: and the leaves are much preferable to common straw, for making paillasses.
"Travels Through France and Italy" by Tobias Smollett
A type long known to the Italians, and familiar to the French as Paillasse.
"A Second Book of Operas" by Henry Edward Krehbiel
Raising one of the blinds cautiously, he recognized the little suburb of Paillasse.
"The Companions of Jehu" by Alexandre Dumas, père
But this proves to be the note of Paillasse, a merry-andrew.
"The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction." by Various
Alas, I had nothing else to offer him, unless I gave him the uncut straw that was stitched into our paillasses.
"An Australian in China" by George Ernest Morrison
At table the portions, and in the dormitory the paillasses, are identical.
"En Route" by J.-K. (Joris-Karl) Huysmans
The next moment she had pushed it between the paillasse and mattress of Susy's bed.
"The Children of Wilton Chase" by Mrs. L. T. Meade
Old Kapus had been put to bed on his paillasse in the next room and Elsa was all alone in the small living-room.
"A Bride of the Plains" by Baroness Emmuska Orczy
He had set up two stretchers with straw-stuffed paillasses for beds.
"The Golden Woman" by Ridgwell Cullum
Count Saxe had given up his own paillasse.
"Francezka" by Molly Elliot Seawell