• WordNet 3.6
    • n menhaden shad-like North American marine fishes used for fish meal and oil and fertilizer
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n menhaden (Zoöl) An American marine fish (Brevoortia tyrannus) of the Herring family Clupeidae), chiefly valuable for its oil and as a component of fertilizers; -- called also mossbunker bony fish chebog pogy hardhead whitefish, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n menhaden A clupeoid fish, Brevoortia tyrannus. It has the appearance of a shad, but is still more compressed, has a large head, and the scales are closely imbricated, leaving a high narrow surface exposed, whiletheir posterior margins are pectinated. The jaws and mouth are toothless, and there is a deep median emargination of the upper jaw. The intestinal canal is very long, and the chief food is obtained from mud taken into the stomach. It is one of the most important economic fishes of the eastern coast of the United States; it ranges from 25 to 45 north latitude, and in the summer occurs in the coast-waters of all the Atlantic States from Maine to Florida, but in winter only south of Cape Hatteras. It is the most abundant fish on the eastern coast of the United States. Formerly it was used almost solely for manure, but large quantities are now converted into oil, and many-are canned in oil, to be sold as “sardines,” like the European fishes so named. It attains a length of from 12 to 16 inches, is bluish above with silvery or brassy sides, the fins usually tinged yellowish or greenish, and has a dark scapular blotch, often with smaller spots behind it. It varies a good deal in details of form and color with age, and to some extent with season and locality. This fish has at least 30 dilferent popular names in the United States, the leading ones being mossbunker, with many variants (see mossbunker), pogie or pogy and its variants, alewife or oldwife, whiting or whitefish, bony-fish, bugfish (which see), hardhead, fatback, chebog. pilchard (a misnomer), schooly, shiner, pauhagen (poghaden, pookagan, etc.), yellowtail, qreen-tailed shad, shadine (as put up in oil), and sardine. The name menhaden extends in literary use to all the other species of Brevoortia, of which there are several, as B. patronus of the Gulf of Mexico; and it is locally misapplied to the thread-herring, Opisthonema thrissa. See cut under Brevoortia.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Menhaden men-hā′dn a species of herring or shad, found off the east coast of the United States.
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In literature:

Bits of spotted and mackerel-back sky swam like hosts of menhaden through the pearly sheen of the more open aerial main.
"Tales of the Chesapeake" by George Alfred Townsend
Menhaden, in vast schools, sweep along our Atlantic Coast in their season.
"The Bird Study Book" by Thomas Gilbert Pearson
Nearly all fish manure is menhaden, too.
"The Boy With the U. S. Fisheries" by Francis Rolt-Wheeler
I'm only a first-grade lieutenant in command of a blessed, smelly old menhaden trawler that's posing as a mine-sweeper.
"The House of Torchy" by Sewell Ford
A great deal of chaff went on between Captain Davis and the captain of the menhaden steamer.
"A Little Country Girl" by Susan Coolidge
The trawler was practically awash with a load of menhaden.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
They feed on menhaden, mackerel, bonitoes, bluefish, and other species which swim in close schools.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
The tide was sweeping up the river, and a shark, in hard chase after a school of menhaden, swam steadily up, with fin out of water.
"The Only Woman in the Town" by Sarah J. Prichard
Memorial of the Maine commission of sea and shore fisheries against the use of purse seines in the menhaden and mackerel fisheries.
"United States Government Publications, v. 8 Jan-Jun 1892" by Compiled
It is said that the Indians did not like to eat menhaden because of their oily content.
"The Stronghold" by Miriam Haynie

In news:

Fisheries panel to rule on menhaden.
Being thankful for the Atlantic menhaden.
Take Action To Restore Atlantic Menhaden.
Show Your Concern for the Future of Atlantic Menhaden and East Coast Fisheries.
Point/Counterpoint: More menhaden, more bait , more jobs.
Regulators plan to vote on menhaden catch limits.
Two years ago, the commission 's scientific advisers found that the Atlantic menhaden stock had fallen to 8 percent of historic levels.
Menhaden is also a favored bait fish for commercial fishermen.
People do not eat menhaden, an oily little forage fish.
But the fish that people do eat — like bluefish and striped bass — depend heavily on menhaden for their diet.
Panel votes to cut menhaden harvest by 20 percent.
A historic vote on a catch limit for menhaden.
Face-off in public meeting over menhaden.
Gansler eyeing lawsuit over menhaden catch limits.
Amid mixed signals, a positive step for menhaden.