logwood

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n logwood spiny shrub or small tree of Central America and West Indies having bipinnate leaves and racemes of small bright yellow flowers and yielding a hard brown or brownish-red heartwood used in preparing a black dye
    • n logwood very hard brown to brownish-red heartwood of a logwood tree; used in preparing a purplish red dye
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Logwood The heartwood of a tree (Hæmatoxylon Campechianum), a native of South America, It is a red, heavy wood, containing a crystalline substance called hæmatoxylin, and is used largely in dyeing. An extract from this wood is used in medicine as an astringent. Also called Campeachy wood, and bloodwood.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n logwood A tree, Hæmatoxylon Campechianum, found in many parts of the West Indies, where it has been introduced from the adjoining continent, especially from Honduras, on which account it has been called Campeachy wood. It belongs to the natural order Leguminosæ, suborder Cæsalpinieæ. This tree has a crooked, deformed stem, growing to the height of from 20 to 40 feet, with crooked, irregular branches armed with strong thorns.
    • n logwood The wood of this tree. It is of a firm texture and a red color, whence the name bloodwood, and so heavy as to sink in water. It is much used in dyeing, and its coloring matter is derived from a principle called hematoxylin. Logwood contains, besides, resin, oil, acetic acid, salts of potash, a little sulphate of lime, alumina, peroxid of iron, and manganese. It is employed in calico-printing to give a black or brown color, and also in the preparation of some lakes. An extract of logwood is used in medicine as an astringent.
    • n logwood The bluewood, Condalia obovata.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Logwood the dark-red heart-wood of Hæmatoxylon campechianum, a native of Mexico and Central America, whence it is exported in logs
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
So called from being imported in logs,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ice. lág, a felled tree, liggja, to lie. Cf. Lie and Log.

Usage

In literature:

There's too much logwood in some ports as it is.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 150, January 26, 1916" by Various
Madder, cochineal, and logwood dyed beautiful reds.
"Home Life in Colonial Days" by Alice Morse Earle
Prepare a solution of coloring matter by dissolving a half ounce of logwood in a quart of water.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
With a judicious addition of logwood, rose red, wine red and deep claret were achieved.
"The Development of Embroidery in America" by Candace Wheeler
The agricultural products which connect Mexico with the rest of the world are sisal-hemp (henequin), coffee, logwood, and fruit.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
Luckily the gun hung fire, and the Yankee captain was spared to steal logwood a while longer.
"Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates" by Howard I. Pyle
Logwood, not Lotos, floods Oporto's bowls.
"Notes and Queries, No. 209, October 29 1853" by Various
The first: a five per cent solution of logwood chips in alcohol.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI)" by Various
Ink gives various shades of gray according to its strength, but it would be cheaper to purchase it in the form of logwood than as ink.
"How to make rugs" by Candace Wheeler
The chief productions of this peninsula are maize, cotton, indigo, and logwood.
"Travels in North America, From Modern Writers" by William Bingley
***

In poetry:

'Whether to east or westward borne,
(Or flush'd wi' joy, or wae-forlorn)
Ye hail'd the fragrant breath o' morn
Frae orange flower,
Or cassia-bud, or logwood thorn,
Or Guava bower:
"The Scottish Muse" by Hector MacNeill
COME! fill a fresh bumper, for why should we go
While the nectar (logwood) still reddens our cups as they flow?
Pour out the rich juices (decoction) still bright with the sun,
Till o'er the brimmed crystal the rubies (dye-stuff) shall run.
"Ode For A Social Meeting" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

There is no question Laron Logwood killed Edwin "Mikey" Grady outside a corner market in East Oakland in the middle of the afternoon three years ago.
***