• WordNet 3.6
    • n lithium a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Lithium lĭth"ĭ*ŭm (Chem) A metallic element of the alkaline group, occurring in several minerals, as petalite, spodumene, lepidolite, triphylite, etc., and otherwise widely disseminated, though in small quantities.☞ When isolated it is a soft, silver white metal, tarnishing and oxidizing very rapidly in the air. It is the lightest solid element known, specific gravity being 0.59. Symbol Li. Atomic weight 7.0 So called from having been discovered in a mineral.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n lithium Chemical symbol, Li or L; atomic weight, A metallic element having a silver-white luster, quickly tarnishing in the air. It may be cut with a knife, but is less soft than potassium or sodium; it fuses at 180° C., and takes fire at a somewhat higher temperature. Lithium is the lightest of all known solid bodies, its specific gravity being 0.5936. It forms salts analogous to those of potassium and sodium. It occurs only in combination, most abundantly in the minerals spodumene, petalite, amblygonite, triphylite (and lithiophilite), and lepidolite (lithia mica).
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Lithium lith′i-um one of the alkaline metals, of a silvery appearance, found in several minerals combined with silica
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., from Gr. li`qeios of stone, fr. li`qos stone
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. lithos, a stone.


In literature:

As an example we may mention the abnormalities observed by Herbst in the development of sea-urchins through the addition of lithium to sea-water.
"Darwin and Modern Science" by A.C. Seward and Others
That should be lithium.
"A Trip to Venus" by John Munro
On the occasion here referred to Kirchhoff also succeeded in reversing a bright band of lithium.
"Six Lectures on Light" by John Tyndall
It is employed in blowpipe analysis to detect salts of potassa in the presence of sodium and lithium.
"A System of Instruction in the Practical Use of the Blowpipe" by Anonymous
The "lithium spike" re-appears in potassium and rubidium.
"Occult Chemistry" by Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater
Among other substances tried in the preliminary experiments were thallium, lithium, and hydrogen.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 633, February 18, 1888" by Various
And lithium's given as seven, that isn't right.
"Omnilingual" by H. Beam Piper
This residue consists of sodium, potassium and lithium chlorides, with small quantities of caesium and rubidium chlorides.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
At higher temperatures it combines with magnesium, lithium, titanium, and a number of other elements.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
During the process of freeing the quartz from bubbles the lithium and sodium will be found to burn away, or at all events to disappear.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall

In news:

The company also announced the general release of the product Lithium Social Web.
Imaging Method Reveals Lithium Batteries in Action.
Black & Decker Platinum Lithium Vacuum Series Sep 11, 2012 Printable format Email this Article Search.
Energizer Holdings Inc has developed what the company called the first child-resistant packaging for coin lithium batteries.
Energizer said the new packaging for the brand's coin lithium batteries meets the strict guidelines set by the Consumer Products Safety Commission for child-resistant packaging.
Like many new, unfamiliar technologies, lithium -ion batteries have spawned various alarmis.
Carry extra lithium batteries onto plane.
What Lithium -Ion Battery Limits Could Mean For iPhone 5.
Talison Lithium Ltd recently announced that the stage-two expansion at its Greenbushes Lithium Operations has been completed and commissioned on time.
IPad Boom Strains Lithium Supplies After Prices Triple.
"One can claim that without lithium , the whole mobile technology would not have been possible,"Rockwood's Ghasemi told a Deutsche Bank AG conference June 13.
A123 Systems' Lithium -Ion Battery Explodes During Car Maker's 'Extreme' Test.
Lithium battery is the suspected cause.
True Blue certifies lithium emergency power supply.
Reuse of lithium -ion battery packs to be tested.

In science:

Guessoum & Kazanas (1999) showed that the profuse neutron may be produced in the accretion disk and through the spallation reactions lithium may be produced in the atmosphere of the star.
Unification to the "Pseudo-General-Relativistic" analysis of accretion disks around rotating black holes and neutron stars
Kohn-Sham orbitals of face-centered cubic lithium fluoride are calculated in prototypical localdensity approximations to the exchange-correlation functional.
Symmetry Analysis of the Kohn-Sham Band Structure of Bulk Lithium Fluoride
The system exhibits a strong mid-infrared (IR) excess longward of 7 µm (Walker & Walstencroft 1988; Zuckerman & Becklin 1993), lithium signatures, but no signs of active accretion (Soderblom et al 1996; Webb et al 1999).
Dynamical Masses for Low-Mass Pre-Main Sequence Stars: A Preliminary Physical Orbit for HD 98800 B
CMSSM which are compatible with the BBN constraints, and to solve the lithium problem .
Bound-State Effects on Light-Element Abundances in Gravitino Dark Matter Scenarios
Inside the loop, the lithium isotope ratio is acceptable, which is also the case to the right of the nearly vertical contour at large m1/2 .
Bound-State Effects on Light-Element Abundances in Gravitino Dark Matter Scenarios