lamprey

Definitions

  • A lamprey
    A lamprey
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n lamprey primitive eellike freshwater or anadromous cyclostome having round sucking mouth with a rasping tongue
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Lamprey (Zoöl) An eel-like marsipobranch of the genus Petromyzon, and allied genera; called also lamprey eel and lamper eel. The lampreys have a round, sucking mouth, without jaws, but set with numerous minute teeth, and one to three larger teeth on the palate (see Illust. of Cyclostomi). There are seven small branchial openings on each side.☞ The common or sea lamprey of America and Europe (Petromyzon marinus), which in spring ascends rivers to spawn, is considered excellent food by many, and is sold as a market fish in some localities. The smaller river lampreys mostly belong to the genus Ammocœles, or Lampetra, as Ammocœles fluviatilis, of Europe, and Ammocœles æpypterus of America. All lampreys attach themselves to other fishes, as parasites, by means of the suckerlike mouth.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n lamprey A marsipobranchiate fish, of an elongated or eel-like form when adult. All the lampreys have a subinferior circular suctorial mouth, single median nostril, well-developed lateral eyes, and 7 pairs of lateral branchial apertures. They remain for a long time in the larval or ammocætiform condition, having then a longitudinal slit-like mouth and no eyes. The adults, by means of the circular mouth, attach themselves to stones and other objects; they also attack and adhere to fishes, eating their way into the interior of the body. They make a nest of stones, which are collected by means of the suctorial mouth. The species, about 20 in number, are mostly inhabitants of the temperate regions of the northern and southern hemispheres, and constitute the order Hyperoartia and family Petromyzontidæ, divided into from 4 to 8 genera. The largest is the sea-lamprey, Petromyzon marinus., sometimes attaining a length of about 3 feet. The best-known species of the northern hemisphere belong to the genera Petromyzon and Lampetra or Ammocætes, as the river-lamprey, or lampern, and the pride. See also cut under basket.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Lamprey lam′pre a genus of cartilaginous fishes resembling the eel, so called from their attaching themselves to rocks or stones by their mouths.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lampreie, F. lamproie, LL. lampreda, lampetra, from L. lambere, to lick + petra, rock, stone. The lampreys are so called because they attach themselves with their circular mouths to rocks and stones, whence they are also called rocksuckers. See Lap to drink, Petrify
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. lamproie—Low L. lampreda, lampetra—L. lambĕre, to lick, petra, rock.

Usage

In literature:

Sea-worms, sea-squirts: and then the first vertebrates, the lamprey-eels.
"Astounding Stories, May, 1931" by Various
Mrs. Lamprey's version did not take long to tell.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
The Douro yields an abundance of fish, especially trout, shad and lampreys.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
Vidius Pollio fed his lampreys with the bodies of his human chattels.
"Valeria" by William Henry Withrow
At this stage the general resemblance of the brain to that of the lamprey is striking.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4" by Various
The fish are abundant, the lampreys excellent.
"Glories of Spain" by Charles W. Wood
I haue sent you that Lamprey ready dressed.
"The Palace of Pleasure" by William Painter
The town is also celebrated for its Severn salmon and lampreys.
"Cathedral Cities of England" by George Gilbert
A lizard's got what they call The Third Eye, and so has a lamprey, and lots of creatures.
"The Tower of Oblivion" by Oliver Onions
Salmon and lampreys abound in its waters.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
***

In poetry:

Henry the First
Ate lampreys till he burst.
His unfortunate decease
Simply ruined the Norman peace.
"Clerihew - Henry the First" by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
So when they had reached a pub safely
And a nice fire was warming their feet
The king asked 'Hast got any lampreys?
Then bring us two surfeits, toot sweet.'
"King John" by Stanley Holloway
Now lampreys are 'prone to expansion'
Which means, when they're eaten, they swell
And the king muttered 'Ich Dien', or summat like that
Which meant he weren't feeling too well
"King John" by Stanley Holloway
Like is th' Event of the unkind Embrace,
When the Sea-Lamprey hugs the shelly Case;
Wounds to her self by thoughtless Rage she gives,
She dies; and none the wilful Murder grieves.
"Oppian's Halieuticks Part I: Of The Nature of Fishes: In Two Books: Book Two" by William Diaper
Sweet river, in thy gentle stream
Myriads of funny beings swim:
The watchful trout with speckled pride;
The perch, the dace in silvered pride;
The princely salmon, sturgeon brave,
And lamprey, emblem of the knave.
"Ode To Connecticut River" by Josias Lyndon Arnold
And all your big and little brooks,
That rush down laughing towards the sea,
Your Lampreys, Squams, and Contoocooks,
That show a spirit to be free,
Should learn they 're not to take such airs;—
Your mouths are stopped;—then why not theirs?
"The Gag" by John Pierpont

In news:

And this time around, the lampreys in the pie will come from the Great Lakes.
Next up, a look into the impact of the Sea Lamprey on Lake Superior.
The lamprey is native to the Atlantic Ocean.
Zane Lamprey 's 10 Traditional Cocktails (made with fresh ingredients).
Those are odors that male lampreys release to attract the lady lampreys .
Researchers are beginning the third and final year of testing lab-refined mating pheromones — scents emitted by male lampreys to attract females.
Together, the three agencies have been battling sea lampreys for decades, with varying degrees of success.
Now, with the lampreys ' decline, some rivers have restrictions on their catch.
But the Pacific Lamprey Conservation Initiative may change that.
The adult lampreys will dig a nest in fine gravels, moving big rocks out of the way with their mouths.
State wants to control lamprey , but research shows they're native to Lake Champlain.
(Host) The state wants to hear from the public on how best to control lamprey that are blamed for killing fish in Lake Champlain.
Revolting sea lamprey an environmental success story.
Sean Sohappy, 20, and Cheyenne Wahnetah, 19, both of Warm Springs, brave heavy water flows at Willamette Falls to fish for lamprey.
New sea lamprey barrier to protect migrating trout, salmon.
***

In science:

Eisner, T. (2003). Living Fossils: On Lampreys, Baronia, and the Search for Medicinals.
Studies on Relevance, Ranking and Results Display
***