• WordNet 3.6
    • v judge form a critical opinion of "I cannot judge some works of modern art","How do you evaluate this grant proposal?" "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
    • v judge determine the result of (a competition)
    • v judge judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time) "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
    • v judge pronounce judgment on "They labeled him unfit to work here"
    • v judge put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of "The football star was tried for the murder of his wife","The judge tried both father and son in separate trials"
    • n judge an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
    • n judge a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Judge Was a Big Ape The Judge Was a Big Ape
James before a judge James before a judge

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Judy Scheindlin ("Judge Judy") has a $25,000,000 salary, while Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg has a $190,100 salary.
    • Judge A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge in a horse race.
    • Judge (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose. "The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence."
    • Judge (Jewish Hist) One of the supreme magistrates, with both civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more than four hundred years.
    • Judge One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic. "A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting."
    • Judge The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament; the Book of Judges.
    • Judge To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment upon; to be censorious toward. "Judge not, that ye be not judged ."
    • Judge To assume the right to pass judgment on another; to sit in judgment or commendation; to criticise or pass adverse judgment upon others. See Judge v. t., 3. "Forbear to judge , for we are sinners all."
    • Judge To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from falsehood; to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an opinion about. "Judge not according to the appearance.""She is wise if I can judge of her."
    • Judge To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to reckon. "If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord."
    • Judge To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom. "God shall judge the righteous and the wicked.""To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,
      And to be judged by him."
    • Judge To exercise the functions of a magistrate over; to govern. "Make us a king to judge us."
    • Judge To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. "Chaos [shall judge the strife."
    • Judge To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence. "The Lord judge between thee and me.""Father, who art judge
      Of all things made, and judgest only right!"
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: William Fox, the founder of 20th Century Fox, was bankrupt a few years after selling his studio, and served a prison sentence in Pennsylvania for bribing a judge.
    • n judge A public officer invested with authority to hear and determine causes, civil or criminal, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for the purpose; a public officer appointed to exercise the judicial power; a justice; a magistrate.
    • n judge [capitalized] A title of God as supreme arbiter of all things.
    • n judge In a more general sense, any one intrusted with authority to arbitrate on the rights of others: as, no man ought to be a, judge in his own cause.
    • n judge A person appointed to decide in any competition or contest; an authorized arbiter: as, to make one a, judge in a dispute; the, judges of a competitive exhibition.
    • n judge A person skilled in determining the true nature or quality of anything; one qualified or able to discriminate, as between good and bad, right and wrong, genuine and spurious, etc.; a connoisseur; an expert: as, a judge of wines or of paintings; a judge of character or of qualifications.
    • n judge In Jewish hist., an administrative officer who stood at the head of the Hebrew state in the intermediate period between the time of Moses and Joshua and that of the kings. These officers were generally military leaders, without any regular transmission of their authority, not supreme magistrates succeeding to the rule of Moses and Joshua. None of the judges had authority over all the tribes, and sometimes two or more were contemporaneous.
    • n judge [capitalized] plural The seventh book of the Bible, properly the “Book of Judges” (Liber Judicum, Vulgate). It contains the history of the Israelites under the administration of the judges from the death of Joshua to about the time of the birth of Samuel. The date and authorship are unknown. Some critics regard Samuel as the author; others find traces of several authors or compilers, and place the final revision as late as the eighth century b. c.
    • n judge In coal-mining, the measuring-rod with which the depth of a holing or jad is ascertained.
    • n judge The term has sometimes been employed to designate a special judge, or one of a class of special judges, added to a court for the purpose of holding trials, but without being a member of a court in banc.
    • n judge A chief judge.
    • n judge Synonyms and Judge, Umpire, Referee, Arbitrator; justice, arbiter. Judge is a technical word for a legal officer with duties clearly defined: as, a judge of probate; or a general word for a person empowered to arbitrate or award: as, to act as judge at contests, an exhibition of paintings, a competitive examination, etc. Umpire is a name applied to the person selected to decide all disputed points connected with a public contest: as, the umpire in a game of base-ball. Referee is somewhat more loosely used. In legal usage referee means one to whom a pending cause or some branch of it is referred, with the sanction of the court, to act in place of the judge, or in aid of his determination, the result being a decision of the court; while an arbitrator is one to whom a question is referred simply by agreement of the parties, without sanction of the court. The reference of a pending cause to an arbitrator takes it out of court, and precludes further proceedings in court. In a boxing-match, boat-race, foot-ball game, etc., the referee is the same as an umpire. Sometimes an umpire is legally appointed to decide where arbitrators disagree. Thus all these words may have technical senses when used as legal terms.
    • judge To act as a judge; pronounce upon the merits of a cause or controversy; pass judgment.
    • judge To form a judgment or mental assertion; say to one's self that so and so is or is not true; make up one's mind about the truth of a matter.
    • judge To make a critical determination; decide as to what is true or false, good or bad, genuine or spurious, etc.; estimate the value or magnitude of anything.
    • judge To hear and determine authoritatively, as a cause or controversy; examine into and decide upon.
    • judge To try at the bar of justice; pass judgment upon.
    • judge To pass sentence upon; adjudge; sentence; condemn.
    • judge To form a judgment or opinion of or upon; decide upon critically; estimate.
    • judge To hold as an opinion; esteem; consider.
    • judge If men judge that learning should be referred to action, they judge well.
    • judge Synonyms To account, hold, believe, deem, consider, regard.
    • n judge In angling, the name of an artificial fly.
    • judge To govern or regulate by right of authority, as the judges of Israel who held office between Joshua and the kings.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A judge in Louisville decided a jury went "a little bit too far" in recommending a sentence of 5,005 years for a man who was convicted of five robberies and a kidnapping. The judge reduced the sentence to 1,001 years.
    • v.i Judge juj to point out or declare what is just or law: to hear and decide: to pass sentence: to compare facts to determine the truth: to form or pass an opinion: to distinguish
    • v.t Judge to hear and determine authoritatively: to sentence: to decide the merits of: to be censorious towards: to consider:
    • n Judge one who judges: a civil officer who hears and settles any cause: an arbitrator: one who can decide upon the merit of anything: in Jewish history, a supreme magistrate having civil and military powers:
    • v.t Judge (B.) to condemn
    • n Judge (pl.) title of 7th book of the Old Testament
    • ***


  • Abraham Lincoln
    “If we could first know where we are, and whither we are tending, we could then better judge what to do, and how to do it.”
  • Mother Teresa
    “If you judge people, you have no time to love them.”
  • Seneca
    “If you would judge, understand.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “You can judge a man by what he laughs at.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    “Shall we judge a country by the majority, or by the minority? By the minority, surely.”
  • E. C. Bentley
    E. C. Bentley
    “Between what matters and what seems to matter, how should the world we know judge wisely?”


Don't judge a book by the cover - This idiom means that you should not judge something or someone by appearances, but should look deeper at what is inside and more important.
Judge, jury and executioner - If someone is said to be the judge, jury, and executioner, it means they are in charge of every decision made, and they have the power to be rid of whomever they choose.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare, fr. judex, judge; jus, law or right + dicare, to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere, to say. See Just (a.), and Diction, and cf. Judicial


In literature:

I got too much regard for the Judge to try to get him into any hot water.
"Once to Every Man" by Larry Evans
About the only difference between us is that you're a judge and I'm a drummer.
"Mixed Faces" by Roy Norton
And then there's strong judges and weak judges.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
The judge looked grave, and paused an unusually long time before saying a word.
"Law and Laughter" by George Alexander Morton
He didn't meet you here until after dark, I judge.
"In the Shadow of the Hills" by George C. Shedd
Mayor M. P. Snyder, Judge Waldo M. Yorke, the Rev.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
For, as far as he might judge, her life was sinless.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
But even the beauty of the proceedings at Judges' Chambers failed to impress Horatio with the dignity of the profession.
"The Humourous Story of Farmer Bumpkin's Lawsuit" by Richard Harris
But Joe he'd 'a' got along, Judge Maxwell or no Judge Maxwell.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
Madame Socani had judged of Rachel as she might have judged of herself.
"The Landleaguers" by Anthony Trollope

In poetry:

And Thy kind all-seeing eye,
Taking count of all things nigh,
Judged, forgave, and pass'd them by,—
Lord! Thou knowest.
"Thou Knowest" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
How long, O Lord our God,
Holy and true and good,
Wilt Thou not judge Thy suffering church,
Her sighs and tears and blood?
"The Church Has Waited Long" by Horatius Bonar
On which the understanding still
Will judge, and sentence pass,
This kills the mind, and wounds the will,
Alas, alas, alas!
"Of Hell And The Estate of Those Who Perish" by John Bunyan
Before this Judge no one shall shroud
Himself, under pretence
Of knowledge, which hath made him proud,
Nor seeming penitence.
"Of Judgement" by John Bunyan
The pallid slave yet paler grew,
And ended here his bitter cry...
And thus to him I made reply:
"My friend, you judge untrue.
"A Fellow Slave" by Morris Rosenfeld
I'll sing thy majesty and grace;
My God prepares his throne
To judge the world in righteousness,
And make his vengeance known.
"Psalm 9 part 1" by Isaac Watts

In news:

This undated handout photo provided by Judge Royal T Furgeson Jr show Judge Furgeson of Texas.
F ederal judges are trying to force Congress to pay what could amount to millions in once-promised increases in judges ' salaries.
Two of the judges heard only nine child abuse cases in a 5½-year period, according to the report, and a third judge heard 18.
WILKES-BARRE – Luzerne County President Judge Thomas Burke has issued an order recusing the entire county bench from hearing an uninsured-motorist insurance dispute involving the sister-in-law of Judge Tina Polachek Gartley.
ST CHARLES – Kane County's judiciary has added three new judges to its ranks, including the county's first Hispanic judge , its first openly gay judge , and a former chief prosecutor.
OLYMPIA — A Thurston County judge has agreed to a motion staying a lawsuit brought about by the Grays Harbor Superior Court judges against the county, largely over budget concerns.
Speaking about the new judges ' abilities to nuture new talent, Steven thinks he and fellow former judge Jennifer Lopez are much more capable in that department than, say, Nicki Minaj.
Prosecutors say Willette was an inmate at Mohawk Correctional Facility in Rome in October 2010 when he sent letters to a federal judge and three State Supreme Court judges .
In the first month after his re-election, Obama nominated three judges : Berks County President Judge Jeffrey L Schmehl and Philadelphia Judges Nitza I Quinones Alejandro and Luis Felipe Restrepo.
Judge Henderson, presiding Judge of Mendocino County court, spoke for county judges and staff.
The Statewide Nominating Commission for Judges of Compensation Claims will meet February 11 at 9 am at the Hyatt Regency Orlando International Airport to interview the following judges of compensation claims for reappointment.
It is still unclear whether longtime judge Randy Jackson will return in the third judges' chair.
DAIRY JUDGING --Missouri 4-H was one of only four teams to win a breed division at the 2012 National 4-H Dairy Judging Contest.
STILLWATER — The Cherokee County 4-H meat judging team represented Oklahoma well in the recent American Royal National 4-H Meat Judging and Identification Contest.
The Falkville FFA Land Judging team won the Morgan County FFA Land Judging Contest held on Oct 2.

In science:

Other previous simulations by Duke of the RD model yielded instead a quite clear velocity minimum, but it is difficult to judge the quality of his data as no error bars are reported.
Reptation in the Rubinstein-Duke model: the influence of end-reptons dynamics
However, the opposite conclusion is reached for SP20e and SP4e, which are seen to have more similar states, again judging in particular from their velocity fields (see Fig. 13).
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
In some cases, when fits were judged unsatisfactory, a sum of two exponentials was used ; this approach, though admittedly arbitrary, has recently been revived in the analysis of X–ray Brillouin scattering on liquid metals [16, 17, 18].
Structural Relaxation and Mode Coupling in a Simple Liquid: Depolarized Light Scattering in Benzene
Judging by their sizes and ellipticities, most resolved sources are globular clusters.
Optical Counterparts of X-Ray Point Sources Observed by CHANDRA in NGC5128: 20 New Globular Cluster X-Ray Sources
The extent of study can be judged by looking under the sub ject of computer arithmetic on the Amazon web site.
Towards a Coherent Theory of Physics and Mathematics: The Theory-Experiment Connection