• Hornbeam. Ironwood
    Hornbeam. Ironwood
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n ironwood medium-sized hop hornbeam of eastern North America
    • n ironwood a small slow-growing deciduous tree of northern Iran having a low domed shape
    • n ironwood exceptionally tough or hard wood of any of a number of ironwood trees
    • n ironwood handsome East Indian evergreen tree often planted as an ornamental for its fragrant white flowers that yield a perfume; source of very heavy hardwood used for railroad ties
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Ironwood (Bot) A tree unusually hard, strong, or heavy wood.☞ In the United States, the hornbeam and the hop hornbeam are so called; also the Olneya Tesota, a small tree of Arizona; in the West Indies, the Erythroxylon areolatum, and several other unrelated trees; in China, the Metrosideros vera; in India, the Mesua ferrea, and two species of Inga; in Australia, the Eucalyptus Sideroxylon, and in many countries, species of Sideroxylon and Diospyros, and many other trees.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ironwood One of numerous species of peculiarly hard-wooded trees, belonging to many orders and widely distributed. In North America the name commonly denotes Ostrya Virginica, the hop-hornbeam or leverwood; but also Bumelia lycioides(southern buckthorn), Carpinus Caroliniana (blue beech), Cyrilla racemiflora, Cliftonia ligustrina (titi, buckwheat-tree), Hypelate paniculata (inkwood), and Olneya Tesota. The black ironwood of the same territory is Condalia ferrea; the red, Reynosia latifolia; the white, Hypelate trifoliata. Of the other ironwoods may be mentioned the various species of the tropical genus Sideroxylon, the Indian Xylia dolabriformis, the Erythroxylon areolatum of Jamaica, and the Tasmanian Notelæa ligustrina. Several species of Diospyros (ebony) are called by the same name. Bastard ironwood is the West Indian Xanthoxylum Fagara (X. Pterota); also Trichilia hirta. The black ironwood of South Africa is Olea undulata, and the white is Toddalia lanceolata. Many of these woods are valuable in the arts for purposes requiring great firmness or high polish.
    • n ironwood In Polynesia, Casuarina equisetifolia, a littoral tree with jointed leafless branches and very hard and heavy wood: used by the natives for making spears. See horsetail-tree and agoho.
    • n ironwood A large tree of the myrtle family, Metrosideros lucida, yielding a very hard, strong, red wood, which is used for ship-building, spokes, hubs, and cross-ties for railways.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ironwood applied to the timber of various trees on account of their hardness
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. iren; Ger. eisen.


In literature:

The ironwood did not grow very big and had a twisted trunk.
"The Biography of a Rabbit" by Roy Benson
The wood is light-colored, and extremely hard and heavy; hence the name of ironwood.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 497, July 11, 1885" by Various
From a piece of ironwood, cut in the forest with great labour, I made a spade to dig with.
"The World's Greatest Books, Vol III" by Arthur Mee and J.A. Hammerton, Eds.
The forest trees are elm, pine, spruce, maple, ironwood, linden, cherry, oak, and beach.
"Personal Memoirs Of A Residence Of Thirty Years With The Indian Tribes On The American Frontiers" by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft
The bodies are of teak, ebony, or ironwood, with seats of marble, and with a disk of marble in the back.
"The Old Franciscan Missions Of California" by George Wharton James
Nunn cut me a stout ironwood cudgel as a handy weapon.
"Bidwell's Travels, from Wall Street to London Prison" by Austin Biron Bidwell
Tangled mesquite and ironwood made progress slow.
"Crooked Trails and Straight" by William MacLeod Raine
The studs were of hard ironwood, and were each by tenon and mortise fastened into six ironwood trees forming the upper wall plates.
"The Story of John G. Paton" by James Paton
Across the great room the girl raised a steady hand, indicating a desk of gigantic size, of ironwood or lignum-vitae.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
The ironwood-tree is so named from its intense solidity and durability.
"The Pearl of India" by Maturin M. Ballou

In news:

The Marley Fund's third annual Driving for a Cure golf tournament approaches, and only one team spot remains for the June 23 event at Ironwood.
He was born the eldest of six children on Sept 29, 1921, in Ironwood, son of the late Joseph K and Caroline (Zimmerman) Sauter .
Joe married Jeanette Sundell on Dec 31, 1941, in Ironwood, and she preceded him in death on Sept 12, 2009.
Randy Metcalf/The Explorer, Ironwood Ridge High School drama teacher Joe Borunda studies the script for "Sweeney Todd" during rehearsals last week.
Wood-fired pizza gets permanent home in Manlius: Ironwood Restaurant.
Ironwood Restaurant, under construction at 145 E Seneca St, Manlius Don Cazentre.
DNR's Western Upper Peninsula Citizens' Advisory Council to meet Sept 17 in Ironwood.
Governor Rick Snyder today announced the appointments of Robert "Bob" Jacquart, of Ironwood, and Linda Kennedy, of Troy, to the Michigan Technological University Board of Control.
Enough to whiten the ski trails at ABR in Ironwood but not enough to warrant opening the Nordic center early.
The officials met at Magouirk Conference Center and then proceeded to the Ironwood Windpower Project site in Spearville.
Former American Idol contestant heads to Ironwood.
An American Idol finalist is making her way to Ironwood this weekend.
Amanda Overmyer will be performing in a concert at the Historic Ironwood Theater on Saturday.
Michigan Gov Rick Snyder says the state will work to create a 599-mile hiking and biking trail stretching from Belle Isle park in Detroit to Ironwood on the Wisconsin border in the western Upper Peninsula.
0Marquette native, Pastor Rob Jurkovich, is four months into his new assignment at Our Lady of Peace Catholic Church in Ironwood.