• Iron Spokeshave.  Pattern-maker's Spokeshave
    Iron Spokeshave. Pattern-maker's Spokeshave
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj iron extremely robust "an iron constitution"
    • v iron press and smooth with a heated iron "press your shirts","she stood there ironing"
    • n iron home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth
    • n iron a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head
    • n iron implement used to brand live stock
    • n iron a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

a. Corner-iron. b. Straight plate. c. Panel-iron a. Corner-iron. b. Straight plate. c. Panel-iron
Some nails, spikes, staples, and other iron hardware used at Jamestown over 300 years ago Some nails, spikes, staples, and other iron hardware used at Jamestown over 300 years ago
Wrought-iron horseshoes and currycombs used prior to 1650 Wrought-iron horseshoes and currycombs used prior to 1650

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ironically, watermelons, which are 92% water, originated from the Kalahari Desert in Africa
    • Iron An instrument or utensil made of iron; -- chiefly in composition; as, a flatiron, a smoothing iron, etc. "My young soldier, put up your iron ."
    • Iron (Golf) An iron-headed club with a deep face, chiefly used in making approaches, lifting a ball over hazards, etc.
    • Iron Fetters; chains; handcuffs; manacles. "Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons ."
    • Iron Firm; robust; enduring; as, an iron constitution.
    • Iron Inflexible; unrelenting; as, an iron will.
    • Iron Like iron in hardness, strength, impenetrability, power of endurance, insensibility, etc.;
    • Iron Not to be broken; holding or binding fast; tenacious.
    • Iron Of, or made of iron; consisting of iron; as, an iron bar, dust.
    • Iron Resembling iron in color; as, iron blackness.
    • Iron Rude; hard; harsh; severe.
    • Iron Strength; power; firmness; inflexibility; as, to rule with a rod of iron .
    • Iron (Chem) The most common and most useful metallic element, being of almost universal occurrence, usually in the form of an oxide (as hematite magnetite, etc.), or a hydrous oxide (as limonite turgite, etc.). It is reduced on an enormous scale in three principal forms; viz., cast iron steel, and wrought iron. Iron usually appears dark brown, from oxidation or impurity, but when pure, or on a fresh surface, is a gray or white metal. It is easily oxidized (rusted) by moisture, and is attacked by many corrosive agents. Symbol Fe (Latin Ferrum). Atomic number 26, atomic weight 55.847. Specific gravity, pure iron, 7.86; cast iron, 7.1. In magnetic properties, it is superior to all other substances.
    • Iron To furnish or arm with iron; as, to iron a wagon.
    • Iron To shackle with irons; to fetter or handcuff. "Ironed like a malefactor."
    • Iron To smooth with an instrument of iron; especially, to smooth, as cloth, with a heated flatiron; -- sometimes used with out.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The waffle iron was invented August 24, 1869.
    • n iron Chemical symbol, Fe; atomic weight, 56. A metal, the most abundant and the most important of all those used in the metallic form. It was formerly thought that iron did not occur native, except as meteoric iron, but it has recently been found in large quantities in the basaltic lava of Greenland near Ovifak. This, however, is not chemically pure, nor is any iron manufactured from the ore in the large way free from impurities, and the substances thus present in manufactured iron are of great importance in reference to the character of the metal produced. Of all these impurities carbon is the most important, and its relations to iron are both complicated and difficult of explanation. Iron, as prepared by Percy, according to the method indicated by Berzelius, and believed to be as nearly chemically pure as possible, had a specific gravity of 7.8707 before being rolled. Iron deposited from solution by electrolysis, and believed to be pure, had a specific gravity ranging from 7.9405 to 8.107. Iron nearly chemically pure, as obtained by Berzelius, was described by him as being very nearly as white as silver, extremely tenacious, softer than ordinary bar-iron, and scaly in fracture. Iron is put upon the market in three forms, which differ essentially in their properties: cast-iron, which is hard, comparatively brittle, and readily fusible, and cannot be forged or welded;
    • n iron A utensil or weapon made of iron: often in combination with a noun or an adjective expressive of its purpose or character : as, a flat-iron, gridiron, or shooting-iron (slang for pistol).
    • n iron Specifically— A knife, sword, or other cutting implement.
    • n iron plural Fetters or other chains fastened to the person of a prisoner: as, a mutineer is put in irons.
    • n iron In whaling, a hand-harpoon; a toggle-iron, used in striking a whale. There are two forms, the first and second irons (which see, below).
    • n iron A brand-iron.
    • n iron To have, as a square-rigged vessel, the yards so braced that, some sails being full of wind and some aback, the vessel is temporarily unmanageable.
    • iron Made of iron; consisting of iron: as, an iron gate; an iron bar.
    • iron Resembling iron in some respect, either really or metaphorically.
    • iron Hence— Harsh; rude; severe.
    • iron Binding fast ; not to be broken.
    • iron Capable of great endurance; firm; robust: as, an iron constitution.
    • iron Not to be bent; inflexible.
    • iron In mining, same as gossan. [U.S.]
    • iron To shackle with irons; fetter; handcuff.
    • iron To furnish, mount, or arm with iron: as, to iron a wagon.
    • iron To smooth with an instrument of iron, especially with a hot flat-iron, smoothing-iron, or box-iron.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The inventor of the Waffle Iron did not like waffles.
    • n Iron ī′urn the most common and useful of the metals: an instrument or utensil made of iron, as a hand-harpoon, &c.: a golf-club with an iron head, more set back than the cleek: strength:
    • adj Iron formed of iron: resembling iron: rude: stern: fast-binding: not to be broken: robust: dull of understanding
    • v.t Iron to smooth with a smoothing-iron: to arm with iron: to fetter
    • n Iron a vessel defended by iron plates
    • n Iron this colour
    • n Iron ī′urn (pl.) fetters: chains
    • ***


  • Christian Nevell Bovee
    “Affliction, like the iron-smith, shapes as it smites.”
  • Danish Proverb
    Danish Proverb
    “Rust consumes iron and envy consumes itself.”
  • Otto Von Bismarck
    “The great questions of the day will not be settled by means of speeches and majority decisions but by iron and blood.”
  • Isaac Babel
    Isaac Babel
    “No iron can pierce the heart with such force as a period put just at the right place.”
  • Alphonse De Lamartine
    “Habit with its iron sinews, clasps us and leads us day by day.”
  • Turkish Proverb
    Turkish Proverb
    “Man is harder than iron, stronger than stone and more fragile than a rose.”


Cast iron stomach - A person with a cast iron stomach can eat or drink anything without any ill effects.
Iron fist - Someone who rules or controls something with an iron fist is in absolute control and tolerates no dissent. An iron fist in a velvet glove is used to describe someone who appears soft on the outside, but underneath is very hard. 'Mailed fist' is an alternative form.
Irons in the fire - A person who has a few irons in the fire has a number of things working to their advantage at the same time.
Strike while the iron is hot - If you strike while the iron is hot you do something when things are going well for you and you have a good chance to succeed.
Talk the legs off an iron pot - (AU) Somebody who is excessively talkative or is especially convincing is said to talk the legs off an iron pot. ('Talk the legs off an iron chair' is also used)
Too many irons in the fire - This means juggling too many projects at once and something's bound to fail; when a smith had too many irons in his fire, he couldn't effectively keep track of all of them.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. iren, AS. īren, īsen, īsern,; akin to D. ijzer, OS. īsarn, OHG. īsarn, īsan, G. eisen, Icel. īsarn, jārn, Sw. & Dan. jern, and perh. to E. ice,; cf. Ir. iarann, W. haiarn, Armor. houarn,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. iren; Ger. eisen.


In literature:

The cast iron broke more readily than did the later wrought-iron plows.
"Agricultural Implements and Machines in the Collection of the National Museum of History and Technology" by John T. Schlebecker
Here may be found the native magnet, or magnetic oxide of iron, possessing strong magnetic power.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
Cast-iron rails were also tried, the wooden rails having been found liable to rot.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
He tied the end of the leather rope to the iron ring behind his saddle, and remounted, and spurred his weary beast into a canter.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
Play with the iron for a low ball (against wind).
"The Complete Golfer [1905]" by Harry Vardon
Mankind in the mass are a sluggish race, and will march only when the word of command is sounded from iron-throated, hoarse-voiced war.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
You can make a coil by tightly wrapping stiff iron wire around a pencil.
"How Two Boys Made Their Own Electrical Apparatus" by Thomas M. (Thomas Matthew) St. John
When a Chinaman sprinkles clothes for ironing purposes he uses his mouth as the sprinkler.
"Birdseye Views of Far Lands" by James T. Nichols
In the center is a Britannia urn with an iron bar for heating the liquid.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
He is an iron man, and he leads iron men.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin

In poetry:

Alas! it was not mine, he said,
How shall I make it good?
Elisha heard, and when he prayed,
The iron swam like wood.
"The Borrowed Axe" by John Newton
That this iron link from the chain
Of Bonnivard might retain
Some verse of the Poet who sang
Of the prisoner and his pain;
"Ultima Thule: The Iron Pen" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
From the first of the iron shower
Till we sent our parting shell,
'Twas just one savage hour
Of the roar and the rage of hell.
"The Bay-Fight" by Henry Howard Brownell
As wild they gaz'd, the iron rings
Were clasped as before!
But the tongue that call'd on Merlin's name
Was dumb for ever more!...
"The Prophecy Of Merlin" by Anne Bannerman
There through the pleasant noontide hours
My task of echoed song I sung;
Turning the golden southern tongue
Into the iron ore of ours!
"Recollections" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
On a mound of earth he held him firm,
And he wav'd his arm of might ;
But not one pass of that massy spear
Could reach the iron knight:
"The Black Knight Of The Water" by Anne Bannerman

In news:

Serve and Protect at the Cast Iron Cook Off.
Cast Iron Cook Off RSS.
We discovered a better way to remove stinky fish oils from a cast-iron skillet.
Cast-iron American toys exhibiting particularly fine condition include a "super-mint" circa-1905 Uncle Sam Chariot, made by Kenton Hardware and retaining 99.5 percent of its original paint.
FE&S eMarketplace: Cast Iron , Steamers, and Drain Valves.
Kohler Deerfield enameled cast iron sink.
Here's a Cast Iron Skillet Shaped Like the State of Ohio.
From FeLion Studios' "Made in America" pan series, the Ohio cast iron skillet, yours for just $500.
Cast iron crock pot.
Cast-iron pans are created by pouring molten iron into sand molds.
THE RED CHAPEL Ironic peek through Iron Curtain.
Teppan is the Japanese word for "iron plate" and a truncated version of the culinary term, teppanyaki, which refers to cooking on an iron griddle.
An Iron Range boy is suffering from a gunshot wound after being shot in the knee by his older brother during a hunting accident in Iron, Minnesota, Friday.
Construction on a major link in the historic Iron Ore Heritage Trail began this week, and it will connect the area where the first iron mines were dug to the port where the ore has been shipped from for about 150 years.
AK Steel formed a joint venture with an existing company that will produce iron-ore concentrate, a feedstock for iron-based steelmaking raw materials.

In science:

The only supply of iron nuclei may then occur via field emission.
Neutron Stars as Sources of High Energy Particles - the case of RPP
After 13 Gyrs we were able to match the radial variation of density, temperature and iron abundance observed in NGC 4472 (Brighenti & Mathews 1999b).
Entropy Evolution in Galaxy Groups and Clusters; A Comparison of External and Internal Heating
According to calculations Timmes et al (1996), the masses of the iron cores before collapse lie in the interval from 1.25 to 2.05M⊙ .
Why NS and BH mass distribition is bimodal?
Potentially the same tasks can be also fulfilled using the first two magnets of the iron muon spectrometer as an active target.
MC generators in CHORUS
It is somewhat ironic Brian later went on to pursue a field of study which would require formal schooling until he was nearly 30 years old.
Variational Principles in General Relativity