information

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n information (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"
    • n information knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
    • n information a message received and understood
    • n information formal accusation of a crime
    • n information a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn "statistical data"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: By law, information collected in a U.S. census must remain confidential for seventy-two years
    • Information (Information Theory) A measure of the number of possible choices of messages contained in a symbol, signal, transmitted message, or other information-bearing object; it is usually quantified as the negative logarithm of the number of allowed symbols that could be contained in the message; for logarithms to the base 2, the measure corresponds to the unit of information, the hartley, which is log210, or 3.323 bits; called also information content. The smallest unit of information that can be contained or transmitted is the bit, corresponding to a yes-or-no decision.
    • Information (Law) A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some offense against the government, instituted and prosecuted, really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on behalf of the government. It differs from an indictment in criminal cases chiefly in not being based on the finding of a grand jury. See Indictment.
    • Information Any fact or set of facts, knowledge, news, or advice, whether communicated by others or obtained by personal study and investigation; any datum that reduces uncertainty about the state of any part of the world; intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation, or instruction. "Larger opportunities of information .""He should get some information in the subject he intends to handle."
    • Information The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or intelligence. "The active informations of the intellect."
    • Information (Computers) Useful facts, as contrasted with raw data; as, among all this data, there must be some interesting information .
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: While still in college, Bill Gates and Paul Allen once built a special purpose machine called "Traff-O-Data." It was a machine that would analyze information gathered by traffic monitors. They never found any buyers.
    • n information Communication of form or element; infusion, as of an animating or actuating principle.
    • n information Knowledge communicated or received; particular intelligence or report; news; notice: as, to get information of a shipwreck.
    • n information Knowledge inculcated or derived; known facts or principles, however communicated or acquired, as from reading, instruction, or observation: as, a man of various information; the information gathered from extended travel.
    • n information In law:
    • n information An official criminal charge presented, usually by the prosecuting officers of the state, without the interposition of a grand jury. Wharton. This is the sense in which it is more commonly used in American law. In American constitutional law, clauses securing trial by jury in prosecutions by indictment or information are construed as excluding complaints before local magistrates for minor offenses, such as have always been summarily tried.
    • n information A criminal charge made under oath, before a justice of the peace, of an offense punishable summarily.
    • n information A complaint, in a qui tam action in a court of common-law jurisdiction, to recover a penalty prescribed by statute or ordinance.
    • n information In English law, a complaint in the name of the crown, in a civil action, to obtain satisfaction of some obligation to, or for some injury to the property or property rights of, the crown.
    • n information In Scots law, a written argument in court.
    • n information In metaphysics, the imparting of form to matter. In logic the information of a term is the aggregate of characters predicable of it over and above what are implied in the definition. [This meaning is found in Abelard.)
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If the information contained in the DNA could be written down, it would fill a 1000 volume encyclopedia
    • Information intelligence given: knowledge: an accusation given to a magistrate or court
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Quotations

  • Eric Sevareid
    Eric Sevareid
    “The bigger the information media, the less courage and freedom they allow. Bigness means weakness.”
  • Jean Baudrillard
    Jean%20Baudrillard
    “Information can tell us everything. It has all the answers. But they are answers to questions we have not asked, and which doubtless don't even arise.”
  • Clarence Day
    Clarence Day
    “Information's pretty thin stuff unless mixed with experience.”
  • T. S. Eliot
    T.%20S.%20Eliot
    “Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge? Where is the knowledge we have lost in information.”
  • Alfred Glossbrenner
    Alfred Glossbrenner
    “With so much information now online, it is exceptionally easy to simply dive in and drown.”
  • Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas%20Jefferson
    “Information is the currency of democracy.”

Idioms

Worm information - If you worm information out of somebody, you persuade them to tell you something they wanted to keep from you.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. informatio, representation, conception. See Inform (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.,—L. informārein, into, formāre, to form.

Usage

In literature:

The natives informed him that it had belonged to a vessel, which had arrived among them from the west.
"Robert Kerr's General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 18" by William Stevenson
An hour gained in information about your enemy's plans may turn the tide in your favor.
"The Last Shot" by Frederick Palmer
But about twenty years ago the era of informality set in and has been gaining ground ever since.
"Etiquette" by Emily Post
On the 17th of June, Mr. Duffy was placed at the bar, on an information or indictment setting forth the entire of the obnoxious article.
"The Felon's Track" by Michael Doheny
The soldier should be informed of the importance of keeping the deposit book.
"Military Instructors Manual" by James P. Cole and Oliver Schoonmaker
I must inform you that I had never heard the full reason of the duel between the first Sir Alan and his nephew.
"The Stowmarket Mystery" by Louis Tracy
She clothed and informed all his acts of beneficence with the motives which became them.
"Sevenoaks" by J. G. Holland
Is a man of good general information; he was exceedingly inquisitive.
"The Underground Railroad" by William Still
The annals of Greece and of Rome simply inform us that they were there.
"The Empire of Russia" by John S. C. Abbott
The ascetics then charged the porters to inform the king of their arrival.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 1"
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In poetry:

Spirit that moves the sap in spring,
When lusty male birds fight and sing,
Inform my words, and make my lines
As sweet as flowers, as strong as vines.
"A Prelude" by Maurice Thompson
All loveliness with which an act informs
The dim uncertain chaos of desire
Is mine to-day; it touches me, it warms
Body and spirit with its outward fire.
"Poem" by Aldous Huxley
I'VE lately certain information had,
Your spouse (I scarcely thought the man so bad,)
Has with the lady an appointment made;
At Jack's nice bagnio he will meet the jade.
"Richard Minutolo" by Jean de La Fontaine
Be patient:—and inform me, pray,
If this were worn by you or her to-day?
There lies the point, for, if you'll me believe,
Your husband did—the most you can conceive.
"The Servant Girl Justified" by Jean de La Fontaine
Yet, if the day should darken, or the storm
Beat on my brow, or shriek across the night,
And with God’s pregnant enmity inform
His sequent messengers of dark and light:
"Endeavour" by Robert Steel Byrnes
When o'er my features steals the gloom of thought,
Thou wond'rest where my vagrant fancies stray,
Oh ! seek not information dearly bought,
Seek not to cloud thy bosom's orient day.
"To My Best Friend" by Laura Sophia Temple

In news:

Bettencourt foresees a major shift in CIO concerns away from information systems and toward managing information.
Updated Monday, Nov 5, 2012, at 4:38 p.m. Help inform our coverage on the fluoride issue in the coming months by telling us where you get your information on fluoride and what experiences you have had that shaped your opinions.
We hope you find the information on this site enriching, inspiring and informative.
I am looking for information about Robert Mitchum , information like:Robert Mitchum 's bio, movies, career, personal life etc.
Send an email with information on the show or a link to where we can find information on it to peanutbuttersports@yahoo.com.
Information on Recalls of FDA Regulated Products Information from FDA ORA/Office of Enforcement DCMO.
Misinformation, it turns out, is far worse than some information, or no information at all.
Citizens for Responsible Growth in Layton printed 18,000 "Updated Voter Information Pamphlets " that closely resembled the official Voter Information Pamphlet sent out by Layton city officials weeks earlier.
In 2006, Kak postulated a theory known as the three-stage protocol, which relies on the unpredictability of photons to ensure hackers can't locate or replicate the information used to transmit information.
Information helps growers, consultants make more informed pest management decisions.
Many physicians already use the Internet to access clinical information, but it's a good resource for practice management and business information, too.
Reuters Business Information International (RBI) PR Team: Firefly Communications Campaign: Dying for Information.
Important Reunion Information Please be on the lookout for upcoming information regarding our 10 year reunion scheduled for July 13, 2013 at The Dennis Wicker Civic Center.
The Steamboat Pilot & Today, provides local news, sports, events, visitor information, rentals, real estate listings and news, online classifieds and community information about Ski Town USA.
The information provided on this Site is for general informational and educational purposes.
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In science:

The second and third arrows are related by an informational aspect: information on the past is greater than on the future, so that (informational) entropy increases in time.
Cosmological Quantum Jump Dynamics II. The Retrodictive Universe
An informational aspect of retrodiction is this: A complete information on the universe’s states in the past reduces to and may be obtained from the information contained in the description of a present state and in the laws of the past-directed dynamics.
Cosmological Quantum Jump Dynamics II. The Retrodictive Universe
However, if there is shared information (like cycle A and B), nature prefers to select specific information rather than conserve information.
Spatio-temporal Dynamics in the Origin of Genetic Information
The information gathered can be quantified by the mutual information between the message index i and the measurement outcome : I (i : m) = H ({pi}) − Xm Note that the mutual information can be seen as the difference between the initial disorder and the (average) final disord er.
The separability versus entanglement problem
Fig. 5 models how the relationship between, and bounds on, H(A) and H(B) limit the maximum mutual information. MI (the area within the solid line lens in Fig. 5) is the mutual information transferred across the information channel between the transmitter and the receiver.
The "...system of constraints"
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