imputation

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n imputation the attribution to a source or cause "the imputation that my success was due to nepotism meant that I was not taken seriously"
    • n imputation a statement attributing something dishonest (especially a criminal offense) "he denied the imputation"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Imputation (Theol) A setting of something to the account of; the attribution of personal guilt or personal righteousness of another; as, the imputation of the sin of Adam, or the righteousness of Christ.
    • Imputation Charge or attribution of evil; censure; reproach; insinuation. "Let us be careful to guard ourselves against these groundless imputation of our enemies."
    • Imputation Opinion; intimation; hint.
    • Imputation The act of imputing or charging; attribution; ascription; also, anything imputed or charged. "Shylock. Antonio is a good man.Bassanio. Have you heard any imputation to the contrary?""If I had a suit to Master Shallow, I would humor his men with the imputation of being near their master."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n imputation The act of imputing or charging; attribution; ascription: as, the imputation of wrong motives.
    • n imputation That which is imputed or charged; specifically, an attribution of something censurable or evil; censure; reproach.
    • n imputation The erroneous ascription of effect to cause: as, the imputation of a disease to witchcraft.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Imputation act of imputing or charging: censure: reproach: the reckoning as belonging to
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Quotations

  • Marcus T. Cicero
    Marcus%20T.%20Cicero
    “No well-informed person ever imputed inconsistency to another for changing his mind.”
  • Marcus T. Cicero
    Marcus%20T.%20Cicero
    “No liberal man would impute a charge of unsteadiness to another for having changed his opinion.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. imputatio, an account, a charge: cf. F. imputation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. imputer—L. imputāre, -ātumin, in, putāre, to reckon.

Usage

In literature:

I was surprised to find myself resenting the imputation, and deeply.
"A Far Country, Complete" by Winston Churchill
He, an eye-witness, imputes it all to the morals of Roman citizens.
"The Roman and the Teuton A Series of Lectures delivered before the University of Cambridge" by Charles Kingsley
She gave too many pretexts to imputations of extravagance.
"The Secret Memoirs of Louis XV./XVI, Complete" by Madame du Hausset, an "Unknown English Girl" and the Princess Lamballe
Marie Antoinette had more than once to endure that imputation during the long course of her misfortunes.
"Memoirs Of The Court Of Marie Antoinette, Queen Of France, Complete" by Madame Campan
I knew they imputed to me the most atrocious crimes without being able to learn in what these consisted.
"The Confessions of J. J. Rousseau, Complete" by Jean Jacques Rousseau
Do not curse me, Clemence; do not impute to me this fatality, which obliges me thus to torture you.
"Gerfaut, Complete" by Charles de Bernard
I stand and swear The grievous imputation is untrue.
"The Dynasts" by Thomas Hardy
This imputation was no sooner understood, than it was resolved that the accuser should be examined in presence of us all.
"The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, Volume I" by Tobias Smollett
This evening my head ached exceedingly, which I impute to my sitting backwards in my cabin, otherwise than I am used to do.
"Diary of Samuel Pepys, 1660" by Samuel Pepys
But, which was strange, he forgot to make any prayer before sermon, which all wonder at, but they impute it to his forgetfulness.
"Diary of Samuel Pepys, 1663" by Samuel Pepys
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In poetry:

Rebate thy tender suit,
Lest to herself impute
Some worth
Thy bride of earth!
"Any Saint" by Francis Thompson
Blushing, weeping, she'll confess
The fault her faded cheeks discover:
But, to make her crime the less,
Imputes an outrage to her Lover.
"The Culprit" by Nathaniel Bloomfield
When creatures had no reall light
Inherent in them, thou didst make the sunne,
Impute a lustre, and allow them bright:
And in this shew, what Christ hath done.
"Faith" by George Herbert
In Procris' bosom when she saw the dart;
She justly blames her own suspicious heart,
Imputes her discontent to jealous fear,
And knows her Strephon's constancy sincere.
"The Fan : A Poem. Book III." by John Gay
All my sins imputed were
To my dear, incarnate God;
Bury'd in his grave they are,
Drown'd in his atoning blood:
Me thou wilt not now condemn,
Righteous and complete in him.
"God of Love" by Augustus Montague Toplady
Nor you, ye proud, impute to these the fault,
If Mem'ry o'er their tomb no trophies raise,
Where thro' the long-drawn aisle and fretted vault
The pealing anthem swells the note of praise.
"Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" by Thomas Gray

In news:

Justification is an act of God's free grace wherein He pardons all our sins and accepts us as righteous in His sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us and received by faith alone.
This page does not share the views of those who have imputed the vilest motives to leaders of the private nonprofit housing groups, whose efforts have been weakened so badly during the past five months.
For same-sex domestic partner coverage, experts urge US employers to consider charging participants on an after-tax basis and to impute income for the employer-provided portion.
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In science:

However, this latter value is imputed, and the true value could easily have decreased from 2005; instead the imputation increases merely because there is so much gain in the 2007 3y MYE.
Incompatibility of trends in multi-year estimates from the American Community Survey
In summary, we see through these examples that the weighted average methodology can either increase or decrease discrepancies in some cases, and seems to work less well with 5y versus 3y MYEs (although this may also be an artifact of two imputations in the 5y MYEs).
Incompatibility of trends in multi-year estimates from the American Community Survey
However let us note that the imputation method used in the code is simple and may not perform well when the proportion of missing data is too large.
ClustOfVar: An R Package for the Clustering of Variables
In that case, one of the numerous R packages devoted to missing data imputation should be used prior to ClustOfVar.
ClustOfVar: An R Package for the Clustering of Variables
In addition, this section describes extensions to missing data, imputation, and signal extraction.
Asymptotic Theory of Cepstral Random Fields
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