• Hedgehog and Hare
    Hedgehog and Hare
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n hedgehog small nocturnal Old World mammal covered with both hair and protective spines
    • n hedgehog relatively large rodents with sharp erectile bristles mingled with the fur
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Hare and the Hedgehog The Hare and the Hedgehog

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Fleas are essential to the health of armadillos and hedgehogs; they provide necessary stimulation of the skin. Deloused armadillos and hedgehogs will die.
    • Hedgehog (Mil) a defensive obstacle having pointed barbs extending outward, such as one composed of crossed logs with barbed wire wound around them, or a tangle of steel beams embedded in concrete used to impede or damage landing craft on a beach; also, a position well-fortified with such defensive obstacles.
    • Hedgehog A form of dredging machine.
    • Hedgehog (Zoöl) A small European insectivore (Erinaceus Europæus), and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper part of its body mixed with prickles or spines. It is able to roll itself into a ball so as to present the spines outwardly in every direction. It is nocturnal in its habits, feeding chiefly upon insects.
    • Hedgehog (Bot) A species of Medicago Medicago intertexta), the pods of which are armed with short spines; -- popularly so called.
    • Hedgehog (Elec) A variety of transformer with open magnetic circuit, the ends of the iron wire core being turned outward and presenting a bristling appearance, whence the name.
    • Hedgehog (Zoöl) The Canadian porcupine.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Hedgehogs have the most similar fingerprints to humans
    • n hedgehog In zoology, an insectivorous animal of the family Erinaceidæ and genus Erinaceus, of which there are several species. The common European hedgehog, Erinaceus europæus, is about 9 inches long; the body is covered above with spines, and the animal can roll itself into a ball bristling in every direction. This it accomplishes by means of a very highly developed and specialized panniculus carnosus, or fleshy layer beneath the skin, which when the body-is flexed acts as a sphincter, like the string which puckers the mouth of a bag. See cut under Erinaceus.
    • n hedgehog One of several other animals characterized by numerous spines. A Madagascan insectivorous animal of the family Centetidæ and any of the genera Centetes, Ericulus, and Hemicentetes. Otherwise known as tenrec.
    • n hedgehog In botany, a plant with echinate fruits. The name is used especially (often in the plural) for Medicago Echinus (M. intertexta), a native of Italy and Greece, the seeds of which are armed with short spines. It has also been given to Erinacea pungens (Anthyllis erinacea), a leguminous plant growing in Spain; to Ranunculus arvensis, a northern species; to Echinaria capitata, a grass of southern Europe; and to Hydnum erinaceus (also called hedgehog-hydnum), a fungus with tough elastic pileus, and very long straight hymeneal spines, growing on the trunks of oak- and beech-trees. Also hedgehog-plant.
    • n hedgehog A kind of dredging-machine consisting of a series of spades fixed to the periphery of a cylinder, used for loosening mud, silt, etc., so that it may be carried off by the current.
    • n hedgehog In Scotch mining, a broken strand or wire of a rope torn out while in motion and drawn up into a bundle.
    • n hedgehog In electricity, same as hedgehog-transformer.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Self-annointing is something only hedgehogs do, in which they lick or nibble on something, make a foamy paste in their mouths, and then spread it with their long tongues in little spots on their quills. No one has ever determined exactly why they do this.
    • Hedgehog a small prickly-backed quadruped, so called from living in hedges and bushes, and its resemblance to a hog or pig
    • ***


  • Desiderius Erasmus
    “The fox has many tricks. The hedgehog has but one. But that is the best of all.”
  • Friedrich Schlegel
    “An aphorism ought to be entirely isolated from the surrounding world like a little work of art and complete in itself like a hedgehog.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hecg, hegg; Dut. hegge, Ger. hecke.


In literature:

We find in the woods a curious animal called a hedgehog, but which is really a porcupine.
"Friends in Feathers and Fur, and Other Neighbors" by James Johonnot
Our dog Snip saw a hedgehog, the other day, for the first time.
"The Nursery, January 1877, Volume XXI, No. 1" by Various
You see the Court Hedgehog is to be there, and so it is very select.
"Soap-Bubble Stories" by Fanny Barry
The old Hedgehog scuttles about pretty ubiquitous, don't he?
"The Combined Maze" by May Sinclair
The very first person he met was Hedgy Hedgehog.
"Little Jack Rabbit's Adventures" by David Cory
So she went in search of her hedgehog.
"Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll
Cats, owls, or hedgehogs, would be highly serviceable in places infested with mice.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
It may be asked why such a warm retreat was necessary, inasmuch as the hedgehog sucklings came into the world in the hottest time of the year.
"Creatures of the Night" by Alfred W. Rees
Some looked like white hedgehogs, some like polar bears.
"Boys and Girls Bookshelf (Vol 2 of 17)" by Various
A man when he thinks he is unobserved struts about gaily, just for all the world like a hedgehog.
"The Confessions of a Caricaturist, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by Harry Furniss

In poetry:

Crops like hedgehogs, high-crown'd hats,
Whispers like Jew MOSES ;
Padded collars, thick cravats,
And cheeks as red as roses.
"Male Fashions for 1799" by Mary Darby Robinson
Well, de critters lak to fainted jes' wid dey su'prise.
Sistah Fox, she vowed she was n't gwine to b'lieve huh eyes;
But dey could n't be no 'sputin' 'bout it any mo':
Pa'son Hedgehog was a-cape'in' all erroun' de flo.'
"De Critters' Dance" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
W'en de night come, dey all gathahed in a place dey knowed,
Fu' enough erway f'om people, nigh enough de road,
All de critters had ersponded, Hop-Toad up to Baih,
An' I 's hyeah to tell you, Pa'son Hedgehog too, was daih.
"De Critters' Dance" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Pa'son Hedgehog groanin' awful at his converts' shines,
'Dough he peepin' thoo his fingahs at dem movin' lines,
'Twell he cain't set still no longah w'en de fiddles sing,
Up he jump, an' bless you, honey, cut de pigeon-wing.
"De Critters' Dance" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Poor “home, sweet home” should seem to be
A very dismal place;
Your “auld acquaintance” all at once
Is altered in the face;
Their discords sting through Burns and Moore,
Like hedgehogs dressed in lace.
"The Music-Grinders" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
If I pass during some nocturnal blackness, mothy and warm,
When the hedgehog travels furtively over the lawn,
One may say, 'He strove that such innocent creatures should come to no harm,
But he could do little for them; and now he is gone.'
"Afterwards" by Thomas Hardy

In news:

Hedgehogs (HH) are about the size of an orange with a pointy nose and spiny back.
Sonic the Hedgehog celebrates his 20th anniversary today and will star in a new game, Sonic Generations.
The hedgehog and the lunch lady.
To celebrate the twentieth anniversary of Sonic the Hedgehog , Archie Comics will be publishing a special four-issue story arc this summer, beginning with issue 226.
City ordinance thwarts dreams of owning a hedgehog .
Until his visit to Malta and the statements that followed, he turned his spikes outward, as hedgehogs do.
Instead, for the most part, he has turned his spikes outward, as hedgehogs do.
The less successful forecasters were like hedgehogs : They tended to have one big, beautiful idea that they loved to stretch, sometimes to the breaking point.
The media often love hedgehogs .
In a new home, hedgehogs initially may be nervous and roll into a ball.
Hedgehogs live anywhere from three to eight years.
Ball of Fun In a new home, hedgehogs initially may be nervous and roll into a ball.
A baby hedgehog caught in a chips packet in Somerset, England was saved by six people after about four hours.
Porn Star Ron (The Hedgehog ) Jeremy Tries to Make It in Legit Movies.
Him, her, me, Hedgehog, Indiana Jake, and a Random Texan.

In science:

The S = 0 rotational bands include only the pure hedgehog state and have the heavy masses.
Nonrigid chiral soliton for the octet and decuplet baryons
Weigel et al. investigated the quantum correction due to the zero modes of the ”hedgehog” soliton [24, 25].
Nonrigid chiral soliton for the octet and decuplet baryons
It is clear from the separation of the variables in the collective Hamiltonian that the light masses of the S 6= 0 rotational bands are due to the rotation of the non-hedgehog soliton.
Nonrigid chiral soliton for the octet and decuplet baryons
The calculation of Weigel et al. would be inapplicable to the S 6= 0 cases, because the soliton take the the ”non-hedgehog” shape and the zero mode does not arise.
Nonrigid chiral soliton for the octet and decuplet baryons
In fact, if SU(3) symmetry breaking vanishes (m8 = 0) in the quark Hamiltonian, the soliton always takes the hedgehog shape independently of the strangeness.
Nonrigid chiral soliton for the octet and decuplet baryons