• Woman Grinding Grain
    Woman Grinding Grain
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v grind reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading "grind the spices in a mortar","mash the garlic"
    • v grind make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together "grate one's teeth in anger"
    • v grind press or grind with a crushing noise
    • v grind shape or form by grinding "grind lenses for glasses and cameras"
    • v grind created by grinding "grind designs into the glass bowl"
    • v grind dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive way, often while in contact with one's partner such that the dancers' legs are interlaced
    • v grind work hard "She was digging away at her math homework","Lexicographers drudge all day long"
    • n grind the act of grinding to a powder or dust
    • n grind hard monotonous routine work
    • n grind the grade of particle fineness to which a substance is ground "a coarse grind of coffee"
    • n grind an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or boringly studious
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Grinding Angle, 20°;. Whetting Angle, 25° Grinding Angle, 20°;. Whetting Angle, 25°
Grinding Device Grinding Device
Holder for Grinding Chisels or Plane-Bits Holder for Grinding Chisels or Plane-Bits

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Finely grinding coffee beans and boiling them in water is still known as "Turkish Coffee." It is still made this way today in Turkey and Greece or anywhere else Turkish Coffee is served.
    • Grind A student that studies hard; a dig; a wonk.
    • Grind Any severe continuous work or occupation; esp., hard and uninteresting study.
    • Grind The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.
    • Grind To become ground or pulverized by friction; as, this corn grinds well.
    • Grind To become polished or sharpened by friction; as, glass grinds smooth; steel grinds to a sharp edge.
    • Grind To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.
    • Grind To oppress by severe exactions; to harass. "To grind the subject or defraud the prince."
    • Grind To perform hard and distasteful service; to drudge; to study hard, as for an examination.
    • Grind To perform the operation of grinding something; to turn the millstones. "Send thee
      Into the common prison, there to grind ."
    • Grind To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the teeth; to crush into small fragments; to produce as by the action of millstones. "Take the millstones, and grind meal."
    • Grind To study hard for examination; -- commonly used with away; as, to grind away at one's studies.
    • Grind To wear down, polish, or sharpen, by friction; to make smooth, sharp, or pointed; to whet, as a knife or drill; to rub against one another, as teeth, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Nearly 400 cocoa beans are required to make a pound of chocolate liquor, the semi-liquid mass produced by grinding the beans. A non-alcoholic substance, chocolate liquor is the basis of all chocolate and cocoa products.
    • grind To break and reduce to fine particles by pounding, crushing, or rubbing, as in a mill or a mortar, or with the teeth; bray; triturate: as, to grind corn.
    • grind To produce by grinding, or by action comparable to that of grinding: as, to grind flour; to grind out a tune on an organ.
    • grind To wear down, smooth, or sharpen by friction; give a smooth surface, edge, or point to, as by friction of a wheel or revolving stone; whet.
    • grind To grate or rub harshly together; grit.
    • grind To set in motion or operate, as by turning a crank: as, to grind a coffee-mill; to grind a hand-organ.
    • grind To oppress by severe exactions; afflict with hardship or cruelty.
    • grind To satirize severely; make a jest of.
    • grind To teach in a dull, laborious manner. A pack of humbugs and quacks, that weren't fit to get their living, but by grinding Latin and Greek. Thackeray.
    • grind To study or learn by close application or hard work; master laboriously: as, to grind out a problem.
    • grind To perform the act or operation of grinding, grating, or harshly rubbing; turn a mill, a grindstone, or some similar machine.
    • grind To be grated or rubbed together: as, the jaws grind.
    • grind To be ground or pulverized by pounding or rubbing: as, dry corn grinds fine.
    • grind To be polished or sharpened by friction: as, marble or steel grinds readily.
    • grind To perform tedious and distasteful work; drudge; especially, to study hard; prepare for examination by close application.
    • n grind The act of grinding, or turning a mill, a grindstone, etc.
    • n grind The sound of grinding or grating.
    • n grind Hard or tedious and distasteful work; constant employment; especially, in college slang, laborious study; close application to study.
    • n grind One who studies laboriously or with dogged application.
    • n grind A piece of satire; a jest.
    • n grind A satirist; an inveterate jester.
    • n grind Nautical, a kink, half-turn, or twist in a rope.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Turkey began to roast and grind the coffee bean in the 13th Century, and some 300 years later, in the 1500's, the country had become the chief distributor of coffee, with markets established in Egypt, Syria, Persia, and Venice, Italy.
    • v.t Grind grīnd to reduce to powder by friction: to wear down or sharpen by rubbing: to rub together: to oppress or harass: to set in motion by a crank
    • v.i Grind to be moved or rubbed together: to drudge at any tedious task: to read hard:—pr.p. grīnd′ing; pa.t. and pa.p. ground
    • n Grind hard or distasteful work: laborious study for a special examination, &c
    • p.adj Grind harassing
    • ***


  • Oliver Goldsmith
    “Law grinds the poor, and rich men rule the law.”
  • Thomas L. Holdcroft
    Thomas L. Holdcroft
    “Life is a grindstone. Whether it grinds us down or polishes us up depends on us.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “When life seems just a dreary grind; and things seem fated to annoy; say something nice to someone else and watch the world light up with joy.”
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    “Society is always trying in some way to grind us down to a single flat surface.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    “There is no way to success in art but to take off your coat, grind paint, and work like a digger on the railroad, all day and every day.”
  • Emily Bronte
    “The tyrant grinds down his slaves and they don't turn against him, they crush those beneath them.”


Axe to grind - If you have an axe to grind with someone or about something, you have a grievance, a resentment and you want to get revenge or sort it out. In American English, it is 'ax'.
Grinds my gear - Something that is very annoying grinds your gear.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. grindan,; perh. akin to L. frendere, to gnash, grind. Cf. Grist


In literature:

And ever more and a little more that fearful grip came grinding.
"The President" by Alfred Henry Lewis
They make a terrible noise when they grind the wheat.
"The Tale of Frisky Squirrel" by Arthur Scott Bailey
Scene after scene was "filmed," Russ and his camera associates grinding away at the machines.
"The Moving Picture Girls at Sea" by Laura Lee Hope
Well, such a miller will surely get but little grain to grind!
"The Poor Plutocrats" by Maurus Jókai
Flat rubbing or grinding stone of silicified wood.
"Illustrated Catalogue Of The Collections Obtained From The Indians Of New Mexico And Arizona In 1879" by James Stevenson
The mills of God grind slowly, but they grind exceeding small.
"The Sun Of Quebec" by Joseph A. Altsheler
The Hudson Bay scheme was no mere commercial machine for grinding out a ten per cent.
"Swirling Waters" by Max Rittenberg
Grind, miller, grind; the water's deep!
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
This crowd has too much imagination for a grind like this.
"Then I'll Come Back to You" by Larry Evans
His mill kept on grinding whether it had any grist of the gods to grind or not.
"The Last Harvest" by John Burroughs

In poetry:

They dare not pause to hear the grind
Of shadowy stone on stone;
The plashing of a water-wheel
Where wheel there now is none.
"Birchbrook Mill" by John Greenleaf Whittier
And the spoil of the East and the South
Where scented blossoms spill,
Passing the grinding icebergs
To our town on the windy hill.
"The City of Winds" by Theodore Goodridge Roberts
The scars upon my body burned,
I felt a heel upon my throat,
A heel that ground and grinding turned
With each triumphal trumpet note.
"An Address Of An Ex-Confederate Soldier, To The Grand Army Of The Republic" by Maurice Thompson
The rich man then would cease to grind
The fate of him that's poor;
And soon the wretch, and wandering hind
Would vanish from our door.
"The Youthful Villager And The Hermit" by James Madison Bell
Far above where the loud wind raves,
On a wing as still as snow
I will watch the grind of the curly waves
As they bite the coasts below;
"To My Mother Earth" by George MacDonald
Like mill-stones, is the human mind,
It will itself to powder grind,
Unless, as grist, some virtue's thrown
To it, to spend itself upon.
"Advice, Concerning The Government Of Our Thoughts" by Rees Prichard

In news:

Marriage is losing ground to a grinding economic slowdown that has prompted more couples to live together without tying the knot.
Construction on hotel grinding to a halt.
An alternate surface finishing device available on a tool grinding machine uses magnetism to swirl abrasive powder across the surface of a cutting tool.
Globe says it's gear-driven meat choppers are engineered to grind tough meats.
Chandler grinds out win against Mesquite .
Where to escape the daily grind of the modern world .
1 grind fresh black pepper.
Islanders grind out win over Devils.
Like always, when the Trimble County Raiders and the Gallatin County Wildcats, district rivals, face off on the gridiron, you can almost always expect a nose grinding, very physical, great defensive game.
Tree Stump Grinding of North Georgia.
Royal girls grind out win over Norse .
Hmmm, well, Hemingway found another way out of the grind.
Here's about all I really know in Hawaiian Pidgin English: ono grinds.
Grinding Out New Organs One at a Time .
Weariness with the grind of touring and recording prompted Winwood to leave Traffic and retire to sessioning for some years.

In science:

The cross-sectional specimens were thinned by mechanical grinding and ion milling using a PIPS system.
Perpendicular anisotropy of ultrathin epitaxial cobalt films on graphene
Sometimes over-grinding will cause the tone to be dark and dim.
Analysis on the relations between piano touch and tone
The second larger crystal was grinded two hours after the X-ray measurements at 100 K and a selected grain of the powder was used for electron diffraction at room temperature.
Antiferrodistortive phase transition in EuTiO3
Nevertheless, the discrepancy between data obtained using XRD of macroscopic crystal and electron diffraction of the same grinded crystal are remarkable and one could speculate about lower sensitivity of the former method.
Antiferrodistortive phase transition in EuTiO3
Therefore we have decided to use the same grinded crystal for powder X-ray diffraction measurements.
Antiferrodistortive phase transition in EuTiO3