• WordNet 3.6
    • adj grating unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound "a gravelly voice"
    • n grating optical device consisting of a surface with many parallel grooves in it; disperses a beam of light (or other electromagnetic radiation) into its wavelengths to produce its spectrum
    • n grating a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
    • n grating a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: At one time the group "Grateful Dead" were called "The Warlocks."
    • n Grating A harsh sound caused by attrition.
    • Grating A partition, covering, or frame of parallel or cross bars; a latticework resembling a window grate; as, the grating of a prison or convent.
    • Grating (Optics) A system of close equidistant parallel lines or bars, esp. lines ruled on a polished surface, used for producing spectra by diffraction; -- called also diffraction grating.
    • a Grating That grates; making a harsh sound; harsh.
    • Grating (Naut) The strong wooden lattice used to cover a hatch, admitting light and air; also, a movable Lattice used for the flooring of boats.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead learned to play slide guitar on stage much to the chagrin of Jerry Garcia.
    • n grating The act of rubbing harshly; the harsh sound caused by the rasping or scraping of hard, rough bodies; the feeling produced by harsh attrition.
    • grating Harsh; rasping; fretting; irritating: as, grating sounds; a grating temper.
    • n grating A partition or frame of parallel or crossing bars; an open latticework of wood or metal serving as a cover or guard, but admitting light, air, etc., as in the fair-weather hatches of a ship, the cover of the mouth of a drain or sewer, etc.
    • n grating In optics: An arrangement of parallel wires in a plane, designed to produce spectra by diffraction: specifically called a real grating.
    • n grating A series of fine parallel lines on a surface of glass or polished metal ruled very close together, at the rate of 10,000 to 20,000, or even 40,000, to the inch: distinctively called a diffraction or diffractive grating. Such gratings are much used in spectroscopic work. The first really fine gratings were those of L. M. Rutherfurd of New York. See diffraction, 1, and spectrum.
    • n grating A timber framework consisting of beams which cross one another at right angles to support the foundation of a heavy building in light, loose soil.
    • n grating In metallurgy, the act of separating large from small ore. See grate, n.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Grateful Dead were once called 'The Warlocks'.
    • Grating the bars of a grate: a partition or frame of bars
    • adj Grating rubbing hard on the feelings: harsh: irritating
    • ***


  • Henry Ward Beecher
    “A proud man is seldom a grateful man, for he never thinks he gets as much as he deserves.”
  • Elizabeth Carter
    Elizabeth Carter
    “Remember that not to be happy is not to be grateful.”
  • Northrup Christiane
    Northrup Christiane
    “Feeling grateful or appreciative of someone or something in your life actually attracts more of the things that you appreciate and value into your life.”
  • Marcel Proust
    “Let us be grateful to people who make us happy; they are the charming gardeners who make our souls blossom.”
  • Sarah Ban Breathnach
    Sarah Ban Breathnach
    “Be grateful for the home you have, knowing that at this moment, all you have is all you need.”
  • Phyllis Mcginley
    “Marriage was all a woman's idea and for man's acceptance of the pretty yoke, it becomes us to be grateful.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Grate to rub harshy
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. grater, through Low L., from Old High Ger. chrazōn (Ger. kratzen), to scratch, akin to Sw. kratta.


In literature:

But I would be very, very grateful to you, Mr, Lancaster, if you would come as early in the morning as you can.
"The Captain's Toll-Gate" by Frank R. Stockton
It would work a revolution for which coming society could never cease to be grateful.
"Searchlights on Health" by B. G. Jefferis and J. L. Nichols
Shake well; strain into small Shell glass; grate a little Nutmeg on top and serve.
"The Ideal Bartender" by Tom Bullock
If you want to make it very nice, put in a glass of wine, and grate nutmeg on the top.
"The American Frugal Housewife" by Lydia M. Child
I have always felt grateful to my old schoolmaster.
"Mary at the Farm and Book of Recipes Compiled during Her Visit among the "Pennsylvania Germans"" by Edith M. Thomas
Miss Le Breton's face was grateful, touched with emotion, but more than hesitating.
"Lady Rose's Daughter" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Grate the onion, and whip up the eggs; mix all the ingredients together, not forgetting the herbs and seasoning.
"The Allinson Vegetarian Cookery Book" by Thomas R. Allinson
Grated carrot gives a fine amber color to soup; it must be put in as soon as the soup is free from scum.
"The Whitehouse Cookbook (1887)" by Mrs. F.L. Gillette
Aromatics are medicines which have, a grateful smell and agreeable pungent taste.
"Burroughs' Encyclopaedia of Astounding Facts and Useful Information, 1889" by Barkham Burroughs
Generally, for best results it is coarsely grated.
"The Complete Book of Cheese" by Robert Carlton Brown

In poetry:

OH! laurel'd bard, how can I part,
Those cheering smiles no more to see,
Until my soothed and solaced heart
Pours forth one grateful lay to thee?
"To Robert Southey" by Maria Gowen Brooks
WHERE, girt around by savage foes,
Our nurturing Mother's shelter rose,
Behold, the lofty temple stands,
Reared by her children's grateful hands!
"Hymn For The Dedication Of Memorial Hall At Cambridge, June 23, 1874" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
And grateful ages yet unborn
Shall bless Euphrasia's floating veil;
Thence dawned on Art a brighter morn,
For thence she framed the swelling sail.
"The Origin of the Sail" by Amelia Opie
Long, long, within my aching heart
The grateful sense shall cherish'd be;
I'll think less meanly of myself,
That Lloyd will sometimes think on me.
"To Charles Lloyd: An Unexpected Visitor" by Charles Lamb
First, sharing in the month-long feast—
"The Feast of Roses"—in whose light
And grateful joy, the first and least
Of all her subjects reunite.
"The Progress Of The Rose" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
Hark! while our hymn of grateful praise
The solemn echoing vaults prolong,
The far-off voice of earlier days
Blends with our own in hallowed song:
"Hymn For The Two Hundredth Anniversary Of King’s Chapel" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

3 cups grated sharp and cheddar cheese .
1 cup grated Parmesan cheese.
2 tablespoons grated lemon zest.
3 cup grated white cheddar cheese.
I woke up at 50 feeling grateful for everything.
Finely grated zest of 2 lemons.
"In my opinion, any attempt to compromise the honesty of that would be an insult to my fans and viewers As grateful as I am to have been a part of a show like LA Ink, I'm ready to end this chapter and want to focus on other projects now.".
Mark down the president's Memorial Day speech as another solemn occasion this administration has gratingly managed to politicize.
There is an oasis from the musty-smelling air grates and urine-soaked corners of downtown.
Separation equipment ranges from economical magnetic plates, grates and traps to high intensity magnetic filters.
"On behalf of a grateful nation ".
"Because of her, many people are going to be saved," said Apostle Billy Grate, pastor at Body of Christ Family Church.
Irish boxty is a potato cake made with mashed and grated potatoes, this version has a sprinkling of green onions.
When my husband was a kid, he found the Rolling Stones and Grateful Dead extremely frightening.
As local residents gather to celebrate Thanksgiving this week, this community has several reasons to be grateful.

In science:

The time evolution of this contrast can be monitored by continuously reflecting a weak probe beam from the grating (the additional grating formed by paths 1 and 3 has period λ/4, which does not reflect the probe beam).
Contrast Interferometry Using Bose-Einstein Condensates to Measure h/m and the Fine Structure Constant
Vinen for useful discussions. C.F.B. is grateful to the Royal Society for financially supporting this pro ject. M.T. is grateful to Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for financially supporting this Japan-UK Scientific Cooperative Program(Joint Research Pro ject).
Rotating Superfluid Turbulence
III could be verified experimentally, this would somewhat favor an interpretation of the superradiant process in terms of atomic diffraction from optical gratings, rather than photon diffraction from matterwave gratings (cf. discussion in ).
Sequential superradiant scattering from atomic Bose-Einstein condensates
These are described in detail in Brinkman et al. (2000) for the Low Energy Transmission Grating (LETG), in Canizares et al. (2005) for the High Energy Transmission Grating (HETG) on the C handra satellite, and by Rasmussen et al. (2001) for the reflection grating spectrograph (RGS) on XM M − N ewton.
Atomic Data for X-ray Astrophysics
However, both C handra and XM M − N ewton also carry CCDs whose use is necessitated by cosmic sources which are too faint for adequate signal in the gratings, or which are spatially extended and hence cannot make use of the full grating spectral resolution.
Atomic Data for X-ray Astrophysics