• WordNet 3.6
    • n goliard a wandering scholar in medieval Europe; famed for intemperance and riotous behavior and the composition of satirical and ribald Latin songs
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Goliard gōl"yẽrd A buffoon in the Middle Ages, who attended rich men's tables to make sport for the guests by ribald stories and songs.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n goliard A buffoon or jester; specifically, one of an order or class of inferior monks who attended on the tables of the richer ecclesiastics as professional jesters or buffoons. “They appear to have been in the clerical order somewhat the same class as the jongleurs and minstrels among the laity, riotous and unthrifty scholars who attended on the tables of the richer ecclesiastics, and gained their living and clothing by practising the profession of buffoons and jesters. The name appears to have originated towards the end of the twelfth century; and, in the documents of that time, and of the next century, is always connected with the clerical order.” Wright, Walter Mapes, Pref., p. x. (Halliwell.)
    • n goliard One of the writers of the satirical poems collectively known as goliardery.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Goliard gol′yard a medieval monk who amused his superiors at table by merry jests
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From OF. goliart, glutton, buffoon, riotous student, Goliard, LL. goliardus, prob. fr. L. gula, throat. Cf. Gules
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr.


In literature:

His remarks, at any rate, go far toward disposing of the old belief that the Goliardic satires were the work of Thomas Mapes.
"Wine, Women, and Song" by Various
In 1227 the council of Treves forbade priests to permit the goliards to take part in chanting the service.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 2" by Various
His works consist chiefly of light verses of the goliardic type.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 4" by Various