• WordNet 3.6
    • n goiter abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Goiter (Med) An enlargement of the thyroid gland, on the anterior part of the neck, usually resulting from iodine deficiency; bronchocele. It is frequently associated with cretinism, and was at one time common in mountainous regions, especially in certain parts of Switzerland. The incidence of goiter has been substantially reduced by addition of iodine to ceratin foods, such as salt.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n goiter In pathology, a morbid enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front part and side or sides of the neck; struma. It is due to increase in the size and number of the alveoli, to accumulation in them of more or less serious, colloid material, to hyperplasia of the connective tissue, or to dilatation of the blood-vessels. The name is also somewhat loosely applied to a similar enlargement from any cause, as from carcinoma or sarcoma. The disease is frequently met with in Derbyshire, England, whence it is called Derbyshire neck, and it is extremely prevalent in cold, moist valleys of the Alps, Andes, Himalayas, and other similar regions, as in South America. Also called bronchocele.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Goiter a tumour on the forepart of the throat, being an enlargement of one of the glands (see Cretinism)
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. goître, L. guttur, throat, cf. tumidum guttur, goiter, gutturosus, goitered. See Guttural
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. goître—L. guttur, the throat.


In literature:

Of cretins with goiter there were 3909; and cretins in which goiter was not stated 962, making a total of 6960.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
Goiter, fi-kek' or fin-to'-kel, is quite common with adults, and is more common with women than men.
"The Bontoc Igorot" by Albert Ernest Jenks
The people looked much like those of Phete but were rather anemic specimens, and five out of eight had enormous goiters.
"Camps and Trails in China" by Roy Chapman Andrews and Yvette Borup Andrews
One of my patients, a young girl, had several years before been operated on for exophthalmic goiter.
"Outwitting Our Nerves" by Josephine A. Jackson and Helen M. Salisbury
Fancy I do a rabbit from Wales for the goiter.
"My Neighbors" by Caradoc Evans
Goiter is quite common.
"Negritos of Zambales" by William Allan Reed
The children, if not affected by exophthalmic goiter, are liable to be very neurotic.
"Woman" by William J. Robinson
Goiter and soils, 33.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
The cause of goiter has never been definitely ascertained.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Yet, all Adua could see was a lot of goitered looking droopy herbage.
"The Land of Look Behind" by Paul Cameron Brown

In news:

Thyroidectomy for goiter relieves obstructive sleep apnea: Results of 8 cases.
The author conducted a retrospective study of 8 adults with euthyroid goiter that had resulted in tracheal compression and led to moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
Thyroidectomy for substernal goiter via a mediastinoscopic approach.
Abstract We report an unusual case in which a patient presented with a large posterior mediastinal goiter that extended to the level of the aorta.
Iodine deficiency causes the thyroid to greatly enlarge, a condition known as 'goiter' (GOY-ter).
Switch to sea salt may increase goiter risk.
Team 1 Goiter surgeon, Pediatrician, NP, ID, Scrub, PA, Circulator.
Positional Dyspnea and Tracheal Compression as Indications for Goiter Resection.
Hypotheses Goiter is a surgically reversible cause of positional dyspnea (PD).