• WordNet 3.6
    • v goad goad or provoke,as by constant criticism "He needled her with his sarcastic remarks"
    • v goad stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick
    • v goad urge with or as if with a goad
    • v goad give heart or courage to
    • n goad a pointed instrument that is used to prod into a state of motion
    • n goad a verbalization that encourages you to attempt something "the ceaseless prodding got on his nerves"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Goad A pointed instrument used to urge on a beast; hence, any necessity that urges or stimulates. "The daily goad urging him to the daily toil."
    • v. t Goad To prick; to drive with a goad; hence, to urge forward, or to rouse by anything pungent, severe, irritating, or inflaming; to stimulate. "That temptation that doth goad us on."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n goad A stick, rod, or staff with a pointed end, used for driving cattle; hence, anything that urges or stimulates.
    • n goad A decoy at an auction; a Peter Funk.
    • n goad [Cf. yard, rod, perch, as measures of length.] A little-used English Measure of length. In Dorsetshire the goad of land was 15 feet 1 inch. A statute of James I. speaks of goods at 15 pence the yard or 20 the goad.
    • goad To prick; drive with a goad; hence, to incite; stimulate; instigate; urge forward or rouse to action by any harassing or irritating means.
    • goad Synonyms To impel, spur, arouse, stir up, set on.
    • n goad A sort of false die.
    • n goad A plaything.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Goad gōd a sharp-pointed stick, often shod with iron, for driving oxen: a stimulus
    • v.t Goad to drive with a goad: to urge forward
    • ***


  • Lucretius
    “Though the dungeon, the scourge, and the executioner be absent, the guilty mind can apply the goad and scorch with blows.”
  • William Shakespeare
    “Most dangerous Is that temptation that doth goad us on to sin in loving virtue”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. gād,; perh. akin to AS. gār, a dart, and E. gore,. See Gore (v. t.)


In literature:

In the retinue of the Major, were several men with elephant spears or goads.
"Sport and Work on the Nepaul Frontier" by James Inglis
Shortly after the failure of his concert tour, desperation goaded him to set forth again.
"The Love Affairs of Great Musicians, Volume 1" by Rupert Hughes
Whichever way he turned, the barbed irons goaded him to desperation.
"The World of Waters" by Mrs. David Osborne
Goaded to fury by this palpable injustice the poor man declined to do anything of the kind.
"Tales of Bengal" by S. B. Banerjea
We take up arms when we are goaded to it.
"Jack Archer" by G. A. Henty
Goaded by such beast-like placidity, Randle would forget all restraint in trying to lash John into a worthy ambition.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 156, Jan. 8, 1919" by Various
Instead of a whip he had a goad of sharp steel.
"Highroads of Geography" by Anonymous
They are emphatically "in prison," restrained by chains, goaded with whips, tasked, and under keepers.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Part 2 of 4" by American Anti-Slavery Society
Her husband was less inhuman than his wife, but he was often goaded on by her to acts of great severity.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Part 3 of 4" by American Anti-Slavery Society
They are emphatically "in prison," restrained by chains, goaded with whips, tasked, and under keepers.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Omnibus" by American Anti-Slavery Society

In poetry:

O cruel world! O sickening fear
Of goad, or knife, or thong;
O load of evils ill to bear!
--How long, good God, how long?
"Cruelty" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
I had not scaled such weary heights
But that I held thy scorn in fear,
And never keenest lure might match
The subtle goading of thy sneer.
"To My Enemy" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
And so you laid it down, and here,
Oblivious of life's load,
Quiet you sleep through all the year,
Young Spring, staid Summer, Autumn sere,
And Winter's icy goad.
"At Her Grave" by Alfred Austin
How long shall I tarnish the mirror of life,
A spatter of rust on its polished steel!
The seasons reel
Like a goaded wheel.
Half-numb, half-maddened, my days are strife.
"The Last Quarter Of The Moon" by Amy Lowell
Oh with what Joy my Delia to behold,
I'd press the Spade, or wield the weighty Prong,
Guide the slow Plough-share thro' the stubborn Mold,
And patient goad the loit'ring Ox along:
"Elegy VII" by James Hammond
Yet what the price? With stings that never cease
Thou goad'st him on; and when too keen the smart,
His highest dole he'd barter but for peace,
Food thou wilt have, or feast upon his heart.
"Ambition" by Maria Gowen Brooks

In news:

Prosser says he was goaded into insulting chief justice.
Now, on the other side of our San Francisco trip, I'm thinking it was more of a goad show.
Notable deaths in arts, A to M. Jonathan Goad returns to The Company Theatre and Stratford Shakespeare Festival.
Jonathan Goad returns to The Company Theatre and Stratford Shakespeare Festival.
China's goading boosts Japan's right wing.
Here's Shalev: If I didn't know any better I would assume that the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Martin Dempsey is trying to goad Israel into attacking Iran.
Cancer as Old Foe and Goad to Science.
She unseated 30-year incumbent Pat Howell Goad.
Funeral is at 2 pm Saturday at Goad Funeral Home.
Goad Company is introducing custom-engineered tank linings for companies with critical containment requirements and/or concerns about leaks.
Accuses pair of goading people into setting themselves on fire.
Chinese police have detained an ethnic Tibetan monk and his nephew, accusing them of "goading" eight people into setting themselves on fire.
But his smile sometimes looked forced as he was goaded by Mitt Romney, whose comic barbs were just as aggressive as his last debate performance.
9/11 plotter goads US to 'martyr' him.
Rocky II (1979): Rocky struggles in family life after his bout with Apollo Creed, while the embarrassed champ insistently goads him to accept a challenge for a rematch.

In science:

We then used the source detection and point spread function (PSF) fitting code described in Goad et al. (2007) and Evans et al. (2009) to identify and localize sources in the field.
Doran’s sarcastic comments (after numerous libations) at the Banff Summer School 1995 (wil l the paral lel transport of a vector around a closed loop turn it into a bottle of port?) goaded me into coming up with a simple example to prove my case.
Polydimensional Relativity, a Classical Generalization of the Automorphism Invariance Principle
We also hope that our results may goad theorists into more careful consideration of their work with respect to the implicit poissonian normalization used in most theories.
Pion interferometry with higher-order cumulants