• WordNet 3.6
    • v furlough grant a leave to "The prisoner was furloughed for the weekend to visit her children"
    • v furlough dismiss, usually for economic reasons "She was laid off together with hundreds of other workers when the company downsized"
    • n furlough a temporary leave of absence from military duty
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Furlough (Mil) Leave of absence; especially, leave given to an officer or soldier to be absent from service for a certain time; also, the document granting leave of absence.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n furlough Leave of absence; especially, in military use, leave or license given by a commanding officer to an officer or a soldier to be absent from service for a certain time. In the United States army the term is used officially only for such leave given to an enlisted man, the same permission granted to a commissioned officer being designated a leave of absence. A soldier availing himself of the permission is said to be furloughed, or on furlough; an officer, on leave. The word is also used to designate the temporary discharge from service of a civilian in the employ of the government. In the United States navy it has a special signification, indicating the condition of an officer off duty either for fault or at his own request and only receiving one half of “waiting-orders pay.”
    • furlough To furnish with a furlough; grant leave of absence to, as a soldier.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Furlough fur′lō leave of absence
    • v.t Furlough to grant leave of absence
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Prob. fr. D. verlof, fr. a prefix akin to E. for, + the root of E. lief, and akin to Dan. forlov, Sw. förlof, G. verlaub, permission. See Life (a.)


In literature:

His furlough was nearly up.
"My Secret Life, Volumes I. to III." by Anonymous
We paid our way in and found the theater crowded with soldiers going to and returning from veteran furloughs.
"The Battle of Atlanta" by Grenville M. Dodge
He had returned from furlough some time before.
"Aurora the Magnificent" by Gertrude Hall
Are you on a furlough too, sir?
"Peggy Owen and Liberty" by Lucy Foster Madison
I asked to see his furlough.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
How he had longed for it, day after day, during this year of furlough!
"'Jena' or 'Sedan'?" by Franz Beyerlein
I got the furlough at 12.45.
"From the Rapidan to Richmond and the Spottsylvania Campaign" by William Meade Dame
Fust, I couldn' speak; den I cotch my voice, an' I say, 'Marse Chan, he done got he furlough.
"Stories by American Authors, Volume 9" by Various
He got sick an' he come home sick on er furlough.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2" by Work Projects Administration
All of those were large ones, but many men (from four or five of them) were on furlough.
"History of Morgan's Cavalry" by Basil W. Duke

In poetry:

When leave, long overdue, none can deny;
When idleness of all Eternity
Becomes our furlough, and the marigold
Our thriftless, bullion-minting Treasury
"The Last Department" by Rudyard Kipling
A young angel on furlough from Heaven
Came flying above Ilkley Moor
And this angel, poor thing - got cramp in her wing
And coom down at auld woman's door.
"Yorkshire Pudden" by Weston and Lee
Till he found his furlough strangely hard to win,
Boanerges Blitzen didn't care to pin:
Then it seemed to dawn on him something wasn't right —
Boanerges Blitzen put it down to "spite";
"The Man Who Could Write" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

Most were furloughed between February 2009 and April 2011, some up to 70 days.
DC Council derails furlough repayment plan.
Frontier to cut 11 flights from Milwaukee, furlough 125 workers.
Teachers in the Los Angeles Unified School District may be forced to take five furlough days, possibly ending the academic year early.
An arbitrator has ruled in favor of the district's request for the furlough to save $75 million in payroll costs this year.
The state is on the verge of losing a lawsuit that aims to reclaim millions of dollars in wages withheld from furloughed employees.
The reversal marked a victory for the Jefferson Federation of Teachers labor union, which filed separate suits over furloughs for support workers and teachers and another suit over layoffs of 54 teachers.
Lansing mayor highlights furlough days in his budget plan.
Some California unions drop furlough cases.
Job & Family Service staffers take furlough days to cut costs.
The park and planning departments in Prince George's did not have furloughs this year, said spokeswoman Andrea G Davey.
Said in a news release Monday the furloughs will affect fewer workers than in previous years, with roughly 220 on the national furlough list, compared to 500 in 2010.
The light rail station next door will be used by office employees instead of furloughed convicts on their way to and from work.
"Office employees instead of furloughed convicts".
Friday will be another furlough day for many Washington state employees.