fortification

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n fortification the addition of an ingredient for the purpose of enrichment (as the addition of alcohol to wine or the addition of vitamins to food)
    • n fortification defensive structure consisting of walls or mounds built around a stronghold to strengthen it
    • n fortification the art or science of strengthening defenses
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Fortification That which fortifies; especially, a work or works erected to defend a place against attack; a fortified place; a fortress; a fort; a castle.
    • Fortification The act of fortifying; the art or science of fortifying places in order to defend them against an enemy.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n fortification The act of fortifying or strengthening.
    • n fortification The art or science of strengthening military positions in such a way that they may be defended by a body of men much inferior in number to those by whom they are attacked.
    • n fortification That which fortifies, strengthens, or protects.
    • n fortification Specifically A military work, consisting of a wall, ditch, palisades, etc., constructed for the purpose of strengthening a position; a fortified place; a fort; a castle. Fortifications are divided into permanent and temporary or field fortifications. Permanent fortifications are works required to remain effective for any length of time, for the purpose of defending important positions, as cities, harbors, arsenals, etc. Temporary or field fortifications are designed to strengthen a post that is to be occupied only for a limited period. The figure represents it section of a fortified wall. a, a, is the abatis; b, b, the counterscarp; c, c, the palisade; d, d, the scarp; f, f, the fraise; fe, g, g, the parapet; h, the banquette; and i, g, the breast-height. For definitions of these, see the words.
    • n fortification the polygonal or caponiere system
    • n fortification the tenailled system, and
    • n fortification the bastioned system. To these in modern times may be added the armored or turreted system. Mahan. Synonyms Fortification, Bulwark, Castle, Citadel, Fort, Fortress, Mamelon, Rampart, Redan, Redoubt. Fortification is the only one of these words that is used for the art or science, or for all classes of defensive works; the others represent kinds of fortification. Thus, fortress represents a large, and fort, generally, but not always, a smaller stronghold, defensible on all sides, as Fortress Monroe, Fort Sumter. See the definitions of the words.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Fortification the art of strengthening a military position by means of defensive works: the work so constructed: that which fortifies
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. fortificatio, : cf. F. fortification,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. fortifier—Low L. fortificārefortis, strong, facĕre, to make.

Usage

In literature:

Already many soldiers say that they did not see any fortifications.
"Diary from March 4, 1861, to November 12, 1862" by Adam Gurowski
In such a situation the only safeguard was fortification.
"The Siege of Boston" by Allen French
It had been so once, though the fortifications were old-fashioned.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
A British squadron bombarded the German fortifications on the Belgian coast, from Zeebrugge to Ostend, for two hours on November 30, 1915.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
Bucharest was a fortified city, but the Germans carried such guns as no fortifications built by the hand of man could resist.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
I'll try to rub up what I know about fortification.
"The Voyages and Adventures of Captain Hatteras" by Jules Verne
It was an enormous labor to construct this fortification in the dead of winter.
"King Philip" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
His man followed me beyond the second fortification.
"The Bondwoman" by Marah Ellis Ryan
The great castle of Denbigh, when in its full glory, had fortifications one and a half miles in circumference.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
Before sunrise all Boston was astir, moving towards Copp's Hill, gazing from windows and roofs upon the growing fortifications.
"Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times" by Charles Carleton Coffin
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In news:

The fortification of bread with folic acid will remain voluntary but half of all packaged bread will be fortified eventually, Food Safety Minister Kate Wilkinson has announced.
1 the importance of food fortification with folic acid in the prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs).
I've been reading an old book about sieges and fortifications in the 15th and 16th centuries.
More Proof That Home Fortification Is of Value in Children With Iron Deficiency Anemia.
Fortification increasing on the shelf.
Tax preparation requires fortification through caramel corn.
(AP) — Three conservation groups suing over a plan to open the Fortification Creek area to coal-bed methane development expect to wait about a year for a ruling.
Specialized whey proteins offer fortification and processing benefits, the company says.
"We support fortification in general," said Vibeke Haislund, a spokeswoman for Kellogg, in an e-mail.
Fortification is currently being studied as a potential strategy to fight such malnutrition.
The scientists concluded that fortification provides a potential strategy for achieving goals targeted for reduction in mortality, morbidity and malnutrition among children.
Whether folic acid, one of the B vitamins, is best obtained from pills, fortification of food or from food itself (Eating Well column, Sept 24) deserves further comment.
View full size AFP/Getty Images Soldiers stand at Confederate fortifications in Manassas, Va. During the Civil War.
The last man-made Manhattan fortification from the Revolutionary War.
Bone health fortifications defy age barriers.
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