• WordNet 3.6
    • n essence a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor
    • n essence the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience "the gist of the prosecutor's argument","the heart and soul of the Republican Party","the nub of the story"
    • n essence the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
    • n essence any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The aroma and flavor derived from coffee is a result of the little beads of the oily substance called coffee essence, coffeol, or coffee oil. This is not an actual oil since it dissolves in water.
    • Essence A being; esp., a purely spiritual being. "As far as gods and heavenly essences Can perish.""He had been indulging in fanciful speculations on spiritual essences , until . . . he had and ideal world of his own around him."
    • Essence Constituent substance. "And uncompounded is their essence pure."
    • Essence Perfume; odor; scent; or the volatile matter constituting perfume. "Nor let the essences exhale."
    • Essence The constituent elementary notions which constitute a complex notion, and must be enumerated to define it; sometimes called the nominal essence.
    • Essence The constituent quality or qualities which belong to any object, or class of objects, or on which they depend for being what they are (distinguished as real essence); the real being, divested of all logical accidents; that quality which constitutes or marks the true nature of anything; distinctive character; hence, virtue or quality of a thing, separated from its grosser parts. "The laws are at present, both in form and essence , the greatest curse that society labors under.""Gifts and alms are the expressions, not the essence of this virtue [charity].""The essence of Addison's humor is irony."
    • Essence The predominant qualities or virtues of a plant or drug, extracted and refined from grosser matter; or, more strictly, the solution in spirits of wine of a volatile or essential oil; as, the essence of mint, and the like. "The . . . word essence . . . scarcely underwent a more complete transformation when from being the abstract of the verb “to be,” it came to denote something sufficiently concrete to be inclosed in a glass bottle."
    • v. t Essence To perfume; to scent. "Essenced fops."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The fragrance of flowers is due to the essences of oil which they produce.
    • n essence The inward nature, true substance, or constitution of anything. The Greek οὐσία (see the etymology) denotes a subject in esse, something whose mode of being corresponds to that of a subject, as distinguished from a predicate, in speech. But while this is the original conception, the word essence, even in Latin, usually carries a different sense. The essence is rather the idea of a thing, the law of its being, that which makes it the kind of thing that it is, that which is expressed in its definition. In regard to artificial things, the conception of an essence is usually tolerably clear; thus, the essence of a bottle is that it should be a vessel with a tubular orifice. Those philosophers who speak of the essences of natural things hold that natural kinds are regulated by similar ideas. Nominalists hold that definitions do not belong to things, but to words; and accordingly they speak of the essences of words, meaning what is directly implied in their definitions.
    • n essence Hence The distinctive characteristic; that which is expressed by the definition of any term: as, the essence of a miser's character is avarice.
    • n essence That part of anything which gives it its individual character or quality: as, this summary contains the essence of the book.
    • n essence Existence; being.
    • n essence An elementary ingredient or constituent; anything uncompounded: as, the fifth essence (that is, the fifth element in the philosophy of Aristotle, or the upper air, the other four being, in their order, earth, water, air, and fire). See quintessence.
    • n essence Anything of ethereal, pure, or heavenly substance; anything immaterial.
    • n essence Any kind of matter which, being an ingredient or a constituent of some better-known substance, gives it its peculiar character; an extract; especially, an oil distilled at a comparatively low temperature from a plant in which it already exists: as, essence of peppermint. In pharmacy the term is applied also to solutions of such oils in alcohol, to strong alcoholic tinctures, etc.
    • n essence Perfume; odor; scent; also, the volatile matter constituting perfume.
    • n essence Importance; moment; essentiality.
    • essence To perfume; scent.
    • n essence The French designation for oil of cajeput.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The custom of saying "Bless you" when someone sneezes was first used by ancients when they believed that breath was the essence of life, and when you sneeze a part of you life is escaping. Evil spirits rush into your body and occupy the empty space. By saying "God bless you" the speaker is protecting the sneezer from that spirits.
    • n Essence es′ens the inner distinctive nature of anything: the qualities which make any object what it is: a being: the extracted virtues of any drug: the solution in spirits of wine of a volatile or essential oil: a perfume
    • n Essence something necessary: a leading principle
    • ***


  • Felix Mendelssohn
    Felix Mendelssohn
    “The essence of the beautiful is unity in variety.”
  • William Salter
    William Salter
    “As the essence of courage is to stake one's life on a possibility, so the essence of faith is to believe that the possibility exists.”
  • Francis Picabia
    “The essence of a man is found in his faults.”
  • Sir Henry Taylor
    Sir Henry Taylor
    “He who gives what he would as readily throw away, gives without generosity; for the essence of generosity is in self sacrifice.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    “The essence of greatness is the perception that virtue is enough.”
  • James A. Froude
    “The essence of greatness is neglect of the self.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. essence, L. essentia, formed as if fr. a p. pr. of esse, to be. See Is, and cf. Entity


In literature:

This is the merit and distinction of art: to be more real than reality, to be not nature but nature's essence.
"Views and Reviews Essays in appreciation" by William Ernest Henley
Spinach, 1 tablespoonful gravy essence, 1 quart water.
"No Animal Food" by Rupert H. Wheldon
It may also be regarded as the primary essence of character.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
Essence white rose, 1-1/2 ounces.
"The Woman Beautiful" by Helen Follett Stevans
Now that Divine life is the very life of Him Whose very essence and being is Love.
"Gloria Crucis addresses delivered in Lichfield Cathedral Holy Week and Good Friday, 1907" by J. H. Beibitz
Here he discovered treatises on the sciences of the ancients, and other subjects, the essence of which he extracted.
"Mystics and Saints of Islam" by Claud Field
Hence they bring about the abnormal action of some organs at the expense of all the rest; and this is the essence of disease.
"Practical Ethics" by William DeWitt Hyde
He extends man's vital essence far beyond the personal.
"Christianity As A Mystical Fact" by Rudolf Steiner
Will is the thing-in-itself, the essence of the world.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
Even so his poetry or appreciation of life is the expression of an inward contemplation of the world in its unity or essence.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry

In poetry:

Then in this essence of the soul,
Let faithful friendship share;
She would not occupy the whole ,
Yet asks a dwelling there.
"Address To Emma, On Her Departure For The Country" by Elizabeth Bath
O quit me not thou essence pure,
From heaven's exhaustless store;
But safely guard and guide my soul,
To life's remotest shore.
"To Modesty" by Elizabeth Bath
Ideals formed by a standard of earth
Sink at Reality's shrine
Into the human and weak like ourselves,
Losing the essence divine;
"Dreams Of Beauty" by Adah Isaacs Menken
Be as thou art for ever young,
Still on thy cheek the vernal bloom,
The honey's essence on thy tongue,
And on thy lips the rose perfume.
"Love's Benediction" by William Crafts
Wherein she sits, augustly throned,
In loveliness that renders dumb—
The Essence and the final Sum—
With peril and with wonder zoned.
"The Butterfly" by Clark Ashton Smith
Ah! passion, pure as morning dew,
And fresh as breath of mint and thyme!
Impulse of Spring, so new and true!
Essence of innocence and prime!
"Morning Dew" by Maurice Thompson

In news:

One line on Beth Orton's magnetic new record, "Sugaring Season," captures the essence of the British singer's approach.
Germany's ' White Ribbon ' is a blue-ribbon exercise in evil's essence.
Snow animals head north and west, where the white stuff is celebrated by hearty souls eager to celebrate the real essence of winter at seasonal festivals.
Essence Hit Man Gate to Wire in Kennedy Road.
Essence Hit Man is in control in the Kennedy Road.
Essence Hit Man set a quick pace and held off.
When it comes to defending Israel, Zionists must first and foremost understand and promote Israel's essence: liberator and protectorate of the land of Israel.
Designing The 15th Anniversary Of The 2009 Essence Music Festival.
The Mazda Motor Europe team received support from BASF Coatings for colors and materials to capture the essence of its new concept car – Kiyora.
Bring the airy essence of New England home.
The new record (released May 8) is a delightful blend of Coldplay's pop-rock essence (their object of constant comparison) with satisfyingly airy sounds.
ESSENCE.COM: How did you balance dating and law school.
The Gold Glove that was awarded Tuesday to Chicago Cubs second baseman Darwin Barney extends beyond the essence of what an individual award really means.
Beckett 's style has a lot in common with contemporary classical music — it strips away ornament to reveal an emotional essence.
Beckett 's style has a lot in common with contemporary classical music -- it strips away ornament to reveal an emotional essence.

In science:

Another example, more closely related to disordered condensed matter systems, is the random-flux model [118], which is in essence quenched lattice QCD with Kogut-Susskind fermions but without the phase factors due to the γ -matrices.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
In essence, results from lattice QCD simulations are in complete agreement with theoretical results from partial quenched chiral perturbation theory.
Chiral Random Matrix Model for Critical Statistics
The essence here is that a unilateral series identity, (3.3), is specialized such that there is the factor (q ; q)−1 n+k in the series, see (3.5), so that summing over all n again gives a (summable) unilateral series.
A simple proof of Bailey's very-well-poised 6-psi-6 summation
This is the essence of the quantum measurement problem.
A General Argument Against the Universal Validity of the Superposition Principle
The essence of the method is the separation of the k-variation during the scattering into two types: (i) an ”angular variation” over the Fermi surface, and (ii) a ”radial” variation with ε(k) perpendicular to the Fermi surface describing the inelastic electron scattering.
Coherent description of electrical and thermal impurity-and-phonon limited transport in simple metals