• WordNet 3.6
    • n esophagus the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: An adult esophagus can range from 10 to 14 inches in length and is one inch in diameter
    • n esophagus The gullet; the canal through which food and drink pass to the stomach. In man the esophagus is a musculomembranous tube about nine inches long, extending from the pharynx to the stomach. It begins in the neck, where the pharynx is reduced from a funnel to a tube, opposite the fifth intervertebral space, descends vertically upon the front of the spinal column behind the windpipe, traverses the chest in the posterior mediastinum upon the front of the spine, perforates the diaphragm together with the pneumogastric nerves, and ends at the cardiac orifice of the stomach, opposite the ninth dorsal vertebra. It is nearly straight, but has a slight curvature both anteroposteriorly and laterally. Its surgical relations are very important, especially in the neck. The esophagus has two principal coats. The muscular coat is composed of two planes of contractile fibers, the outer longitudinal and the inner circular. They are continuous above with fibers of the inferior constrictor of the pharynx. The muscles in the upper part of the esophagus are red and in part at least striped, but below are pale, unstriped, and “involuntary.” The mucous coat is internal, continuous with that of the pharynx above and the stomach below. It is thick, of a reddish color above and paler below, disposed in longitudinal folds or plicæ, which disappear on distention. Its surface is studded with minute papillæ and invested throughout with stratified pavement epithelium. The mucous and muscular coats are loosely connected with each other by a layer of connective tissue, sometimes described as the areolar coat, between which and the mucous membrane is a layer of longitudinal unstriped muscular fibers called the muscularis mucosæ. The esophagus is well supplied with glands called esophageal (which see, and see cuts under alimentary, diaphragm, and mouth). In lower animals the esophagus, as a canal from the mouth or fauces to the stomach, under-goes numberless modifications of relative size, of shape, structure, and position. It very often presents special dilatations, as the crop or craw of birds, and its lower end, where it enters the stomach, may present special contrivances for conducting food and drink, as the esophageal groove of a ruminant. Special aggregations of esophageal glands are also found.
    • n esophagus See esophagus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The length of a human esophagus is 25 centimeters
    • Esophagus . See Œsophagus.
    • n Esophagus the gullet, a membranous canal about nine inches in length, extending from the pharynx to the stomach, thus forming part of the alimentary canal
    • ***


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

The most typical form of malformation of the esophagus is imperforation or obliteration.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
Then he would take the cider jug and wash down his esophagus as one washes out a clogged rain pipe.
"Original Short Stories, Volume 10 (of 13)" by Guy de Maupassant
Then he would take the cider jug and wash down his esophagus as one washes out a clogged rain pipe.
"Maupassant Original Short Stories (180), Complete" by Guy de Maupassant
Even in the mouth and the esophagus a small amount is absorbed.
"Science in the Kitchen." by Mrs. E. E. Kellogg
It is found in the esophagus and stomach, and forms the meconium.
"Zoonomia, Vol. I" by Erasmus Darwin
The pharynx communicates with the nose, mouth, larynx, and esophagus.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
It scraped its way down his rebellious esophagus for about two inches, and lodged as tightly as a bullet in a rusty gun.
"Gov. Bob. Taylor's Tales" by Robert L. Taylor
Why does the windpipe not lie behind the esophagus?
"Old-Time Makers of Medicine" by James J. Walsh
The animal will bloat very quickly if the Esophagus or gullet is completely obstructed.
"The Veterinarian" by Chas. J. Korinek
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture

In news:

Will Barrett's esophagus progress to cancer.
WALNUT CREEK, Calif. James Revier, of San Jose, Calif, had no idea his heartburn was anything more than a nuisance until six years ago, when a piece of beef became logged in his esophagus and sent him to the emergency room.
Sonographers generally are reluctant to examine the esophagus, stomach and intestinal tract because of the presumed technical challenges.
In Saturday's Senior Bowl, try playing without 10 pounds and a healthy esophagus.
I have been diagnosed with GERD and Barrett's esophagus.
He had been stricken with multiple throat ailments including laryngitis and inflammation of the esophagus.
They can cause regurgitation of gastric acid from the stomach, which can result in inflammation or damage to the esophagus.
The magnets open up as food goes down the esophagus and closes to keep acid from coming up.
Surgeons place the magnets near the patient's esophagus in a laproscopic surgery.
Vanity Fair reports Hitchens died on Thursday Dec 15, 2011 at the age of 62 from complications of cancer of the esophagus.
Many people link cigarettes with lung cancer but, as the American Cancer Society notes, it can cause many others as well, such as mouth and esophagus cancer.
(CBS) More bad news for red-meat lovers: They face an increased risk for cancer of the stomach and esophagus.
Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus is a serious, and often fatal, condition unless there is prompt surgical intervention.
Office-based procedures for the larynx, trachea, and esophagus.
Dry- swallowing pills can irritate the esophagus, so follow with some wet food or a syringe with water, meat broth or tuna juice which doubles as a reward.