escarpment

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n escarpment a steep artificial slope in front of a fortification
    • n escarpment a long steep slope or cliff at the edge of a plateau or ridge; usually formed by erosion
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Escarpment A steep descent or declivity; steep face or edge of a ridge; ground about a fortified place, cut away nearly vertically to prevent hostile approach. See Scarp.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n escarpment In fortification, ground cut away, nearly vertically, about a position in order to render it inaccessible to an enemy.
    • n escarpment Hence The precipitous side of any hill or rock; the abrupt face of a high ridge of land; a cliff.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Escarpment the precipitous side of any hill or rock: escarp
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. escarpement,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. escarper, to cut down steep, from root of scarp.

Usage

In literature:

The ladders were thrown down, but they were quickly again raised against the escarp.
"Our Soldiers" by W.H.G. Kingston
At length they crossed the escarpment of the hill, and stood upon the summit.
"The Young Voyageurs" by Mayne Reid
Many small pines grew upon the escarpment; and selecting one, we knotted the rope securely around its trunk.
"The War Trail" by Mayne Reid
There was no escarpment or slope of any kind.
"The White Chief" by Mayne Reid
The breed of large white snails is to be found all along the escarpment of the chalk range, and is {129} not confined to Surrey.
"Notes and Queries, Number 197, August 6, 1853" by Various
Along the escarpment of a low table, five dark objects broke the line of the horizon.
"The Scalp Hunters" by Mayne Reid
The plain terminated towards the sea with a steep escarpment.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
At length they crossed the escarpment of the hill, and stood upon the summit.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
A few scrambled ashore and reached the shelter of the escarpment that rimmed the beach.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
The escarpment gave the three some slight advantage of a higher position.
"Astounding Stories, May, 1931" by Various
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In poetry:

Up its escarpments, rough and grim,
To its bleak summit rimmed with moss,
The monks of old with prayer and hymn
Hewed out the weary "Way of the Cross."
"The Way Of The Cross" by Clinton Scollard

In news:

Away from the edge of the Cotswold escarpment, with its views across farmland below, the land rolls gently downward toward Oxford.
The Western New York Land Conservancy has received $317,000 to study and inventory the Niagara County portion of the geologically significant Niagara Escarpment .
Escarpment Fire Near Mesa Verde.
In his book "Centennial," James Michener recreated these sandstone escarpments into "Rattlesnake Buttes.
It is also specifically identified as a priority in the 2006 "New York State Open Space Conservation Plan" because of the "diversity of significant habitats along the length of the Niagara Escarpment in Niagara County".
Garnet Peak 's summit consists of layered chunks of schist, a type of metamorphic rock seen along much of the Laguna escarpment.
A long search of the Chalk Bluff escarpment just north of Bishop landed me at this quite large and impressive petroglyph panel with views of the Eastern Sierras.
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In science:

As noted in § 1, this surface has a nearly edge-on escarpment that passes from northeast to southwest, just west of θ2Ori A and leads to the feature called the Bright Bar.
Spectrophotometry of the Huygens Region of the Orion Nebula, the Extended Orion Nebula, and M~43; Scattered Light Systematically Distorts Conditions Derived from Emission-Lines
The Orion Bar arises from an escarpment protruding from the OMC-1 molecular cloud towards the observer.
Tearing the Veil: interaction of the Orion Nebula with its neutral environment
The present H i emission results show that the northeast-southwest extent of this escarpment is much larger than the length of the bright IF in the Huygens region.
Tearing the Veil: interaction of the Orion Nebula with its neutral environment
As the highly elongated H i emission feature at vLSR = 14.9 km s−1 (Fig. 2) shows, the escarpment extends significantly beyond the Bright Bar towards the southwest.
Tearing the Veil: interaction of the Orion Nebula with its neutral environment
This geometry confirms that the Orion Bar PDR, and thus the escarpment from OMC1, extends significantly beyond the bright section in the Huygens Region.
Tearing the Veil: interaction of the Orion Nebula with its neutral environment
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