electrolysis

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n electrolysis removing superfluous or unwanted hair by passing an electric current through the hair root
    • n electrolysis (chemistry) a chemical decomposition reaction produced by passing an electric current through a solution containing ions
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Electrolysis (Physics & Chem) The act or process of chemical decomposition, by the action of electricity; as, the electrolysis of silver or nickel for plating; the electrolysis of water.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n electrolysis The decomposition of a chemical compound, called the electrolyte, into its constituent parts by an electric current. Thus, water is decomposed by electrolysis into hydrogen and oxygen; of these it is found that the hydrogen is attracted by the negative pole (the cathode), and is hence said to be electropositive, and is called the cation; while the oxygen collects at the positive pole (the anode), and is said to be electronegative, and is called the anion. Similarly, by experimenting with different compounds and observing the behavior in each case, an electrochemical series of the elements, arranged in order, from oxygen, the most negative, to the most postive metals, sodium, potassium, etc., has been deduced. A salt may also be decomposed by electrolysis: thus, copper sulphate yields metallic copper at the negative pole (upon which it is deposited), and sulphuric acid at the positive pole. By electrolysis Davy was able to decompose lime and the other alkaline earths, and thus to show that they were compounds of metals, calcium, etc., with oxygen. An electrolysis in which the ions (a term including both anion and cation) are produced at their respective electrodes without interference from these electrodes or the surrounding electrolyte is called a primary electrolysis. Very often combinations take place between the ions and the electrodes or the electrolyte, so that the final products are different from the true ions. This is called secondary electrolysis. For the application of electrolysis in the arts, see electrometallurgy.
    • n electrolysis In surgery, the destruction of tumors, cicatricial bands, calculi, and other pathological formations by means of the electric current.
    • n electrolysis The number of ions set free in a given time is proportional to the strength of the current The current is carried through the electrolyte by the motion of ions possessing electric charges, and the ions of each element carry an unalterable charge of electricity; increase of current therefore involves an increase in the number of ions liberated.
    • n electrolysis If the same current be passed simultaneously through several cells in series, containing different electrolytes, the weight of the ions liberated in each cell is equal to the total quantity of electricity conveyed, multiplied by the electrochemical equivalent of the ions of that cell.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Electrolysis the process of chemical decomposition by electricity
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Electro-, + Gr. a loosing, dissolving, fr. to loose, dissolve

Usage

In literature:

Electrolysis is also effectual.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
After exposure to the oral fluids, electrolysis takes place at the junction of the metals.
"Tin Foil and Its Combinations for Filling Teeth" by Henry L. Ambler
In some cases electrolysis has yielded good results.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
He was imprisoned in the lean-to-shed in which the electrolysis went on.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science January 1931" by Various
The metals were all obtained by electrolysis of the chlorides.
"The Galaxy, Volume 23, No. 2, February, 1877" by Various
Electrolysis of a solution in hydrofluoric acid gives cobaltic fluoride, CoF3.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5" by Various
The electrolysis apparatus bubbled vigorously.
"Asteroid of Fear" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
Potassium percarbonate, K2C2O6, is obtained in the electrolysis of potassium carbonate at -10 to -15 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
The current required to produce electrolysis is very small, about one milliampere being sufficient.
"Wireless Transmission of Photographs" by Marcus J. Martin
The modern theory of electrolysis grew up under the hands of R.J.E.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 2" by Various
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In news:

Kosilek, a convicted murderer who won a court ruling ordering Massachusetts prison officials to allow her to have a sex-change operation, is now fighting for electrolysis treatments.
Inmate who won court battle for sex-change surgery fighting for electrolysis .
BOSTON — A transgender inmate who won a court order for taxpayer-funded sex-change surgery has no medical need for further electrolysis treatments, a prisons department psychiatrist testified Monday.
BOSTON (AP) — The chief psychiatrist for the Massachusetts Department of Correction says a transgender inmate who won a court order for taxpayer-funded sex-change surgery has no medical need for further electrolysis treatments.
Electrolysis is a gentle, safe way to chemically remove all the rust from small tools, and it leaves the iron untouched.
Ana Electrolysis & Laser Hair Removal.
Isabella Laser & Electrolysis .
How Does Anti- Electrolysis Work.
Anti- Electrolysis Is Pro EDM.
Is transgender, and will soon begin the process of becoming a woman by taking hormones and undergoing electrolysis, he tells Rolling Stone.
Hair remove product has proven to eliminate regular shaving, waxing and the use of tweezers, not to mention the hassle and the expense of Electrolysis and Laser treatments.
Hair Removal lotion is the most effective alternative to expensive laser treatments and electrolysis.
Wolf said Tuesday that additional electrolysis for Michelle Kosilek would have to be part of a new case.
Alert the OEM of possible shock hazards, lightning damage, ground loop currents, and electrolysis in your facility.
Breast enhancement, electrolysis, liposuction and cosmetic plastic surgery are not self-mutilation, but tattooing and piercing are.
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In science:

Next, the narrow gap semiconductor InAs (which has a strong Rashba coupling because of the low effective mass), is deposited over the ZnSe layer by carrying out ac electrolysis in arsenic acid followed by immersion in a boiling solution containing In+++ ion.
A Self Assembled Nanoelectronic Quantum Computer Based on the Rashba Effect in Quantum Dots
We will consider transverse biases small enough that we do not expect chemical reactions to occur, and definitely small er than the electrolysis threshold for water of about 1.2V.
Influence of the environment and probes on rapid DNA sequencing via transverse electronic transport
Smorodov, ’Control of diaphragm type electrolysis cell for water disinfection based on nonlinear nonstationary models’ (in Russian), Scientific and technical statements of SPbSTU.
Numerical homotopy continuation for control and online identification of nonlinear systems: the survey of selected results
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