• A woman, an elderly man and two children watch butterflies in a garden
    A woman, an elderly man and two children watch butterflies in a garden
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj elder used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son "Bill Adams, Sr."
    • n elder a person who is older than you are
    • n elder any of various church officers
    • n elder any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Elder Elder

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In July 1981, a tortoise was sentenced to death for murder. Tribal elders in Kyuasini, a village in Kenya, formally condemned the tortoise because they suspected it of causing the death of six people, apparently through magic. However, because none of the villagers was prepared to risk the tortoise's wrath by carrying out the execution, it was instead chained to a tree. The tortoise was later freed after the government promised an official inquiry into the deaths.
    • Elder (M. E. Ch) A clergyman authorized to administer all the sacraments; as, a traveling elder .
    • n Elder (Bot) A genus of shrubs (Sambucus) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries.☞ The common North American species is Sambucus Canadensis; the common European species (S. nigra) forms a small tree. The red-berried elder is S. pubens. The berries are diaphoretic and aperient. The European elder (Sambucus nigra) is also called the elderberry bourtree Old World elder black elder, and common elder.
    • Elder A person who, on account of his age, occupies the office of ruler or judge; hence, a person occupying any office appropriate to such as have the experience and dignity which age confers; as, the elders of Israel; the elders of the synagogue; the elders in the apostolic church.
    • Elder An aged person; one who lived at an earlier period; a predecessor. "Carry your head as your elders have done."
    • Elder Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; as, his elder brother died in infancy; -- opposed to younger, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc. "The elder shall serve the younger.""But ask of elder days, earth's vernal hour."
    • Elder Older; more aged, or existing longer. "Let the elder men among us emulate their own earlier deeds."
    • Elder One who is older; a superior in age; a senior.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: It?s a common practice in southern India for a man to marry his elder sister?s daughter.
    • elder Older; senior; having lived a longer time; born, produced, or formed before something else: opposed to younger.
    • elder Prior in origin or appointment; preceding in the date of a commission; senior: as, an elder officer or magistrate.
    • elder Prior in time; earlier; former.
    • n elder One who is older than another or others; an elderly person.
    • n elder A forefather; a predecessor; one of a former generation in the same family, class, or community.
    • n elder In the Old Testament, a title of indefinite signification applied to various officers, but generally indicating in the earlier history the princes or heads of tribes, and afterward men of special influence, dignity, and authority in their local community. In the New Testament the elders are the lay element in the Sanhedrim, the supreme court of the Jewish nation in the first century.
    • n elder In the New Testament, also the title of certain officers in the Christian church, whose functions are not clearly defined, but who apparently exercised a considerable control in the conduct of the local churches. Scholars are not agreed as to the limits or nature of their authority. The Presbyterians maintain that there were two classes of elders (1 Tim. v. 17; 1 Cor. xii. 2S; Rom. xii. 6-8; Acts xv. 25, 26, xx. 28; Heb. xiii. 7, 17). The Congregationalists on the one hand, and the Episcopalians on the other, maintain that there was no distinction between ruling and teaching elders, the elder or presbyter being in their judgment identical with the pastor or shepherd of the flock (Acts xx. 28; 1 Thes. v. 12; Heb. xiii. 7, 17; 1 Tim. v. 17).
    • n elder In certain Protestant churches, an officer exercising governmental functions, either with or without teaching or pastoral functions. In churches of the Baptist persuasion the pastors of churches are usually called elders, although the class especially so called are not settled pastors, but evangelists and missionaries.
    • n elder In some bodies of American Methodists elder is the general term for any clergyman. In the Methodist Episcopal Church the presiding elder is an ordained clergyman appointed by and serving under the bishop as superintendent, with large though carefully defined supervisory powers within a specified “district,” which usually corresponds somewhat in extent to an average county in an eastern State. In this district every minister is amenable to him, and every church is subject to his supervision and is usually visited by him three or four times during the year. He presides at Quarterly and often at District Conferences. Traveling elders are itinerant preachers appointed by the Annual Conference.
    • n elder In the Mormon Church the elder is an officer whose duty it is “to preach and baptize; to ordain other elders, and also priests, teachers, and deacons; to lay on hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost; to bless children; and to take the lead of all meetings.” The elders constitute the Melchizedek priesthood, and include the apostles, the Seventy, the evangelists or patriarchs, and the high priest. Mormon Catechism, xvii.
    • n elder Among the Shakers, four elders, two males and two females (the latter also called elderesses), have charge of each of the aggregated families.
    • n elder The common name for species of Sambucus. The ordinary elder of Europe is S. nigra, and that of North America is S. Canadensis, both with black-purple berries, well known as shrubs of rapid growth, the stems containing an unusual amount of pith. The red-berried elder of the United States is S. racemosa, and the dwarf or ground elder of Europe is S. Ebulus. From the dried pith of the elder-tree balls for electrical purposes are made. The wood is also used for inferior turnery-work, weavers' shuttles, nettingpins, and shoemakers' pegs.
    • n elder In the United States, the Aralia hispida.
    • n elder Same as wild elder (under elder).
    • n elder Same as wild elder (under elder).
    • n elder Same as pale elder.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Elder eld′ėr a genus of plants consisting chiefly of shrubs and trees, with pinnate leaves, small flowers (of which the corolla is wheel-shaped and five-cleft), and three-seeded berries—the Common Elder is the Scotch Bourtree
    • adj Elder eld′ėr older: having lived a longer time: prior in origin
    • n Elder one who is older: an ancestor: one advanced to office on account of age: one of a class of office-bearers in the Presbyterian Church—equivalent to the presbyters of the New Testament
    • ***


  • Ibo Proverb
    Ibo Proverb
    “What an elder sees sitting; the young can't see standing.”
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    “The advice of the elders to young men is very apt to be as unreal as a list of the hundred best books.”
  • John Updike
    “Now that I am sixty, I see why the idea of elder wisdom has passed from currency.”
  • James Baldwin
    “Children have never been very good at listening to their elders, but they have never failed to imitate them.”
  • Margaret Mead
    “For the very first time the young are seeing history being made before it is censored by their elders.”
  • Bertrand Russell
    “Obscenity is whatever happens to shock some elderly and ignorant magistrate.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. ellern, eller, AS. ellen, cf. LG. elloorn,; perh. akin to OHG. holantar, holuntar, G. holunder,; or perh. to E. alder, n.,


In literature:

It was thereafter ably developed by an elder of the Church.
"The Story of John G. Paton" by James Paton
The proprietor, an elderly man, his wife, and three married daughters ran it.
"A Padre in France" by George A. Birmingham
I knew her only as an elderly woman possessing a fine presence and social tastes.
"As I Remember" by Marian Gouverneur
The young Quaker women envied her, the elders shook their heads doubtfully.
"A Little Girl in Old Philadelphia" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
Some of the elders might counsel yielding, or at least compromising, but not Splinterin' Andra.
"Duncan Polite" by Marian Keith
So that the two young people, from being always attendant on the elder, began to draw apart and establish a separate kingdom.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
In introducing ladies, present the younger to the elder, unless in case of some marked exception such as those given above.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Green leaves of elder laid near fruit trees, or flower roots, will prevent their approach.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Unconsciously she was wondering what dancing could mean to these elders of hers.
"The Innocent Adventuress" by Mary Hastings Bradley
The men were elderly, fine-looking men; they were wholly engrossed in what they were doing.
"Things as They Are" by Amy Wilson-Carmichael

In poetry:

With half a heart I wander here
As from an age gone by
A brother yet— though young in years,
An elder brother, I.
"In The States" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Two rosy urchins near him played,
Or watched, entranced, the shapely ships
That with his knife for them he made
Of elder slips.
"The Letter L" by Jean Ingelow
And over Middle-Earth he passed
and heard at last the weeping sore
of women and of elven-maids
in Elder Days, in years of yore.
"Earendil" by J R R Tolkien
By cam an elder o' the kirk;
Like a young horse he shied:
"Fie! here's a bonnie mornin's wark!"
An' he spangt to the ither side.
"Godly Ballants" by George MacDonald
If I, with too senescent air,
Invade your elder memory's pale,
You snub me with a pitying 'Where
Were you in the September Gale?'
"To Holmes: On His Seventy-Fifth Birthday" by James Russell Lowell
Then up and spake an elder mon,
That held the Spade its Ace —
God save the lad! Whence comes the licht
"That wimples on his face?"
"The Fall of Jock Gillespie" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

Two women keep an eye on Box Elder Commission's doings .
Sept 11 was Daphne Ferlinda Elder's first day back at work after a glorious week of vacation with her sister.
On the past few Sloan albums, the Canadian rockers came off a bit anxious about aging into an elder statesman role, turning out a few too many songs about feeling old and irrelevant.
There is often a good explanation for elderly anger.
An elderly woman walks by a shrine in Tokyo on Dec 31, 2009.
Over-use of psychotropic medications on kids in foster care, elderly in care facilities also explored.
The Second Annual Rethinking Psychiatry Symposium coming up this weekend focuses on psychotropic drugs and their use on children and the elderly in care facilities.
The elderly are the newest people on Earth.
With the increase in the elderly population comes an increase in the prevalence of chronic conditions such as hypertension, arthritis and cancer.
A pair of 20-pound dumbbells and a knife were the murder weapons used in the deaths of an elderly.
Elderly Woman Who Accidently Turned a Priceless Fresco Into a Viral Hit Is Suing for Royalties.
An elderly woman has unintentionally destroyed a valuable piece of artwork after she decided to 'restore' the painting herself.
Elderly, poor and students among those most affected by a photo requirement.
F1's elder statesman remains outsider.
Democrats Fire Up For Obama, Galvanize Clinton As Elder Statesman .

In science:

Applying subsensory noise to the feet increased the complexity of sway fluctuations in the elderly.
The Emergence of Modularity in Biological Systems
In a recent paper, Grant and Elder have argued that the Reynolds number cannot, in fact, continue to grow indefinitely.
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime
Grant and Elder argue that at large enough Re, turbulent remixing of the interface will limit the coarsening rate , so that Re stays bounded. A saturating Re (which they estimate as Re ∼ 10 − 100) would require any t2/3 regime to eventually cross over to a limiting t1/2 law.
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime
In any case, the arguments of Grant and Elder are far from rigorous; the coarsening interfaces could, remain one step ahead of the remixing despite an ever-increasing Re which, if applied to a static interfacial structure, would break it up.
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime
Although we cannot rule it out for still larger times t, we see no evidence for a further crossover to a regime with asymptotic exponent α ≤ 1/2 as demanded by Grant and Elder .
3D Spinodal Decomposition in the Inertial Regime