drain

Definitions

  • Careful excavation was required to identify the fill of long-obliterated ditches once draining fields and marking property boundaries
    Careful excavation was required to identify the fill of long-obliterated ditches once draining fields and marking property boundaries
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v drain make weak "Life in the camp drained him"
    • v drain empty of liquid; drain the liquid from "We drained the oil tank"
    • v drain deplete of resources "The exercise class drains me of energy"
    • v drain flow off gradually "The rain water drains into this big vat"
    • n drain emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it
    • n drain a gradual depletion of energy or resources "a drain on resources","a drain of young talent by emigration"
    • n drain a pipe through which liquid is carried away
    • n drain tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Covered Drain without Pipes Covered Drain without Pipes
Open Drain Open Drain
Stone-laid Drains Stone-laid Drains
Drain Tiles Drain Tiles
Drain-traps Drain-traps

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The reason why your nose gets runny when you are crying is because the tears from the eyes drain into the nose
    • Drain That means of which anything is drained; a channel; a trench; a water course; a sewer; a sink.
    • Drain The act of draining, or of drawing off; gradual and continuous outflow or withdrawal; as, the drain of specie from a country; the project is a drain on resources.
    • Drain The grain from the mashing tub; as, brewers' drains .
    • Drain To become emptied of liquor by flowing or dropping; as, let the vessel stand and drain .
    • Drain To draw off by degrees; to cause to flow gradually out or off; hence, to cause the exhaustion of. "Fountains drain the water from the ground adjacent.""But it was not alone that the he drained their treasure and hampered their industry."
    • Drain To exhaust of liquid contents by drawing them off; to make gradually dry or empty; to remove surface water, as from streets, by gutters, etc.; to deprive of moisture; hence, to exhaust; to empty of wealth, resources, or the like; as, to drain a country of its specie. "Sinking waters, the firm land to drain ,
      Filled the capacious deep and formed the main."
    • Drain To filter. "Salt water, drained through twenty vessels of earth, hath become fresh."
    • Drain To flow gradually; as, the water of low ground drains off.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The word gargoyle comes down from the Old French: gargouille, meaning throat or gullet. This is also the origin of the word gargle. The word describes the sound produced as water passes the throat and mixes with air. In early architecture, gargoyles were decorative creatures on the drains of cathedrals.
    • drain To draw off gradually, as a liquid; remove or convey away by degrees, as through conduits, by filtration, or by any comparable process: as, to drain water from land, wine from the lees, or blood from the body; to drain away the specie of a country.
    • drain To free, clear, or deprive by degrees, as of a liquid; empty or exhaust gradually: as, to drain land of water (the most familiar use of the word); to drain a vessel of its contents; to drain a country of its resources.
    • drain To flow off gradually.
    • drain To be gradually emptied, as of a liquid: as, the cask slowly drains.
    • n drain The act of draining or drawing off, or of emptying by drawing off; gradual or continuous outflow, withdrawal, or expenditure.
    • n drain That which drains, or by means of which draining is immediately effected.
    • n drain Specifically— A passage, pipe, or open channel for the removal of water or other liquid; especially, a pipe or channel for removing the surplus water from soils. Drains may be open ditches or sunken pipes or conduits. Those for wet lands are so made as to permit the percolation into them of water from the adjacent soil, as by the use in a covered conduit of porous earthen pipes or tiles, or of a filling of small stones, of an open cut where there is a sufficient slope, etc. See sewer.
    • n drain The trench in which the melted metal flows from a furnace to the molds
    • n drain In surgery, a hollow sound or canula used to draw off purulent matter from a deep seated abscess.
    • n drain Pl. The grain from the mash-tub: distinctively called brewers' drains.
    • n drain In ship-building, a large pipe which runs through or above the double bottom of a war-ship and is connected with the principal pumps to remove water from the various compartments. The main drain is from 12 to 15 inches in diameter, has openings into the large compartments controlled by valves, and is intended to pump out the water in case of damage by grounding, collision, etc. The secondary or auxiliary drain is also connected with all the large compartments and is used for all ordinary pumping.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The primary purpose of growing rice in flooded paddies is to drown the weeds surrounding the young seedlings. Rice can, in fact, be grown in drained areas.
    • v.t Drain drān to draw off by degrees: to filter: to clear of water by drains: to make dry: to drink dry: to exhaust
    • v.i Drain to flow off gradually
    • n Drain a watercourse: a ditch: a sewer:
    • n Drain (slang) a drink: exhausting expenditure
    • ***

Quotations

  • Arthur Somers Roche
    Arthur Somers Roche
    “Anxiety is a thin stream of fear trickling through the mind. If encouraged, it cuts a channel into which all other thoughts are drained.”
  • Jerome K. Jerome
    Jerome%20K.%20Jerome
    “If you desire to drain to the dregs the fullest cup of scorn and hatred that a fellow human being can pour out for you, let a young mother hear you call dear baby it.”
  • Chogyam Trungpa
    Chogyam Trungpa
    “Compassion automatically invites you to relate with people because you no longer regard people as a drain on your energy.”
  • Rev. W. A. Spooner
    Rev. W. A. Spooner
    “Sir, you have tasted two whole worms; you have hissed all my mystery lectures and been caught fighting a liar in the quad; you will leave by the next town drain.”
  • A. P. Herbert
    A. P. Herbert
    “Well, fancy giving money to the Government! Might as well have put it down the drain.”
  • Peter C. Newman
    Peter C. Newman
    “Life at the top is financially rewarding, spiritually draining, physically exhausting, and short.”

Idioms

Brain drain - When organisations or countries can pay higher salaries to attract talented people from poorer countries, there's a brain drain, a loss of talent.
***
Circle the drain - If someone is circling the drain, they are spiraling downward to a usually inevitable death.
***
Circling the drain - If someone is circling the drain, they are very near death and have little time to live. The phrase can also describe a project or plan or campaign that that is on the brink of failure.
***
Down the drain - If something goes down the drain, especially money or work, it is wasted or produces no results.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. drehnigean, to drain, strain; perh. akin to E. draw,

Usage

In literature:

It is very doubtful if there are any drains at all.
"The Toilers of the Field" by Richard Jefferies
When they have turned a golden brown lift them out on to soft paper to drain.
"New Vegetarian Dishes" by Mrs. Bowdich
Numerous streams drain the surrounding mountains into its current.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
Invert the tubes and allow them to drain completely.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
Of the English appliances, the Banner patent drain grenade, and Kemp's drain tester are worthy of mention.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI)" by Various
The structures were pierced, therefore, with a vast number of vertical drains.
"A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1" by Georges Perrot
But the vanished steel did not reappear with the disappearance of the sphere and the draining away of power.
"Empire" by Clifford Donald Simak
As noted above the gigantic task of draining the Zuyder Zee has already been started.
"Birdseye Views of Far Lands" by James T. Nichols
The liquid drained away through the floor and a second and third shower followed.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
Frequently this thin covering sloughs or ulcerates, and permits the cerebro-spinal fluid to drain away.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
***

In poetry:

The vigour of a green old age
His reverend form did bear;
And yet, alas! the warrior-sage
Had drain'd the dregs of care.
"Sir Eldred Of The Bower : A Legendary Tale: In Two Parts" by Hannah More
Our son is sick his father in prison
your heavy head
fallen in your tired palms
the laughter drained from your golden eyes.
"Poems For Piraye (9 To 10 O’Clock Poems)" by Nazim Hikmet
Then the palaces will moulder,
With their labour-draining joys;
For the nations, growing older,
Are too wise for royal toys.
"The Factory Town" by Ernest Jones
"He had his share of care and pain,
No holiday was life to him;
Still in the heirloom cup we drain
The bitter drop will swim.
"My Namesake" by John Greenleaf Whittier
And thus it must have been I gained
The vernal need to sing,
And, while a suckling, blindly drained
The instinct of the Spring.
"A Birthday" by Alfred Austin
The great dark beast is like a well
Drained bitter by the sky,
And all the honeyed lies they tell
Come there to thirst and die.
"In Memory Of Col. Charles Young" by Countee Cullen

In news:

Did Ryan Villopoto's new contract drain Kawasaki's off-road budget.
Mae Phelan drained 12 of 15 shots in the best shooting performance at the 11th annual Turkey Hoop Shoot Championship Saturday at the Boca Grande Community Center.
Are exposed PVC drain lines underneath a seasonal home elevated on piers susceptible to UV damage.
Christmas is wonderful, exciting and sacred — and emotional, stressful and draining.
Mark Dye/For The Star-Ledger An old sewage drain that empties into the dioxin -polluted Passaic River in Newark in this June 2007 Star-Ledger file photo.
Give the drain a more thorough cleaning weekly by flushing it with hydrogen peroxide or a disinfecting cleaning solvent.
You or your parents drain savings or take out huge loans to pay for it all.
The storm drains overloaded with water and spilled over sand bags into neighboring homes.
People watched Tuesday as the ruins of Beichuan, in Sichuan Province, China, were flooded by water being drained from a lake on the Jian River.
Draine sings at the Ohio State Fair.
In one New Jersey town, a combination of low-lying areas and clogged storm drains was a recipe for disaster.
The long-discussed project to drain Harahan and Elmwood to the Mississippi River instead of Lake Pontchartrain moved a step forward this week when the Army Corps of Engineers awarded a $29.4 million contract to build its pumping station.
Local Drains Elderly Woman Of Savings.
Do you find recruitment an overwhelming time drain.
Brown meat and drain fat.
***

In science:

In a radiative shock, compression of the gas follows the relation η = √2Vs/VAo , where VAo is the Alfv´en velocity in the pre-shock gas (see Draine & McKee 1993).
OH Zeeman Magnetic Field Detections Toward Five Supernova Remnants Using the VLA
Before Bruce Draine realized that the torques can be treated with the versatile discrete dipole approximation (DDA) code, their role was unclear.
Physics of Grain Alignment
However, very soon after that Draine (1996) modified the DDA code to calculate the torques acting on grains of arbitrary shape.
Physics of Grain Alignment
For a < ac Lazarian & Draine (1999a) found new physical effects, which they termed “thermal flipping” and “thermal trapping”.
Physics of Grain Alignment
However, in a recent paper Lazarian & Draine (1999b) reported a new solid state effect that they termed “nuclear relaxation”.
Physics of Grain Alignment
***