defect

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v defect desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army "If soldiers deserted Hitler's army, they were shot"
    • n defect a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body) "a facial blemish"
    • n defect a failing or deficiency "that interpretation is an unfortunate defect of our lack of information"
    • n defect an imperfection in a bodily system "visual defects","this device permits detection of defects in the lungs"
    • n defect an imperfection in an object or machine "a flaw caused the crystal to shatter","if there are any defects you should send it back to the manufacturer"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Defect Failing; fault; imperfection, whether physical or moral; blemish; as, a defect in the ear or eye; a defect in timber or iron; a defect of memory or judgment. "Trust not yourself; but, your defects to know,
      Make use of every friend -- and every foe."
      "Among boys little tenderness is shown to personal defects ."
    • Defect to abandon one country or faction, and join another.
    • v. i Defect To fail; to become deficient. "Defected honor."
    • v. t Defect To injure; to damage. "None can my life defect ."
    • Defect Want or absence of something necessary for completeness or perfection; deficiency; -- opposed to superfluity. "Errors have been corrected, and defects supplied."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n defect Want or lack of anything; especially, the lack of something which is essential to perfection or completeness; a fault; a blemish; an imperfection: as, a defect in timber; a defect in the organs of hearing or seeing; a defect of memory or judgment.
    • n defect Synonyms Deficiency, lack, insufficiency, failure, error, flaw.
    • defect To be or become deficient; fail.
    • defect To desert; revolt.
    • defect To affect injuriously; hurt; impair; spoil.
    • defect Defective.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Defect de-fekt′ a deficiency: a want: imperfection: blemish: fault
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Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “We must not take the faults of our youth with us into old age, for age brings along its own defects.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “No change of circumstances can repair a defect of character.”
  • William Hazlitt
    William%20Hazlitt
    “One shining quality lends a luster to another, or hides some glaring defect.”
  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “He has not a single redeeming defect.”
  • Marquis De Sade
    Marquis%20De%20Sade
    “The more defects a man may have, the older he is, the less lovable, the more resounding his success.”
  • W. Somerset Maugham
    W.%20Somerset%20Maugham
    “We know our friends by their defects rather than their merits.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. defectus, fr. deficere, defectum, to desert, fail, be wanting; de-, + facere, to make, do. See Fact Feat, and cf. Deficit
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. deficĕre, defectum, to fail—de, down, and facĕre, to do.

Usage

In literature:

Therefore it is justly arraigned by those who say that it is defective, and that its defects have been a peril and a snare.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The army no doubt had its merits as well as its defects.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
A defective action of the irritative motions without increase of the frequency of the pulse.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
The responsibility for this defect should, however, not be laid entirely upon the shoulders of the producer.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
The tragic hero is the man of innate nobleness who yet has some one defect that lays him open to ruin.
"Progress and History" by Various
He labored indeed under one most unfortunate defect, want of fluency.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Moreover these defects are characteristic of the corundum gems.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
The chief defect of these constitutional provisions relating to home rule is that they do not really grant it.
"The Spirit of American Government" by J. Allen Smith
She noticed that his teeth were good, but too far apart, a defect which struck her as unpleasant.
"The Beth Book" by Sarah Grand
This has been one of the fatal defects of Hinduism from the earliest times.
"India, Its Life and Thought" by John P. Jones
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In poetry:

GENERAL, YOUR TANK IS A POWERFUL VEHICLE
It smashes down forests and crushes a hundred men.
But it has one defect:
It needs a driver.
"From A German War Primer" by Bertolt Brecht
For his defects, no one miscall
(God is the Maker of us all!)
Or fool, or blind, or hunch'd, or lame:
Who man reviles, reviles God's name.
"Godly Exhortations To A Child " by Rees Prichard
"Was perfect beauty ever made
To hawk its charms for want of trade?
We hope no great defect comes forth
To quash the sale of so much worth.
"A.B.C." by William Hutton
Ah, Mary! Could we stand, like thee,
Steadfast; and watch the vowed depart;
And grieve for their defection less
Than for the Saviour’s wounded heart?
"To The Virgin Mary" by Mary Hannay Foott
Profanenesse in my head,
Defects and darknesse in my breast,
A noise of passions ringing me for dead
Unto a place where is no rest:
Poore priest thus am I drest.
"Aaron" by George Herbert
For being freed from all defect They feel no fleshly war,
Or rather both the flesh and mind
At length united are,
For joying in so rich a peace They can admit no jar.
"Aspiration (excerpt)" by Thomas Traherne

In news:

The ballerina Natalia Makarova, who is making her first visit to the Soviet Union since her defection in 1970, is to perform with her old company, the Kirov Ballet, in Leningrad on Wednesday.
The ballerina's first performance with the company since she defected was last Aug 6 in London.
Automotive blanker's leveler eliminates costly shape defects.
Designer' babies with made-to-order defects.
LONDON--London taxi manufacturer Manganese Bronze Holdings PLC (MNGS.LN) said Friday that it is recalling about 400 of its TX4 London taxis and suspending sales of the model after the discovery of a defect in the steering box.
One of her projects looks at the blood flow in the embryonic heart and lays the groundwork for people to surgically correct heart defects.
Meat Grinder Wasn't Defective At All.
Defective boots cheaply made in China and they wont stand by them.
A remote-controlled robot helps British surgeons repair heart defects.
Senior Syrian military officer defects.
Customers suing Sears, Roebuck and Co over alleged mold defects in their Kenmore-brand washing machines can bring their claims as a class action, a federal appeals court ruled on Tuesday.
Huge study in Israel find no birth defects from anti-nausea medication.
Frequency of Down's syndrome and neural -tube defects in the same family.
Frequency of Down's syndrome and neural-tube defects in the same family.
Wilco Defect from Nonesuch .
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In science:

Halperin, Statistical mechanics of topological defects, in: Physics of Defects, Les Houches Session XXXV, North-Holland (1980). J. H.
Universality and scaling of zeros on symplectic manifolds
Kroener, Continuum theory of defects, in Physics of Defects, Les Houches Session XXXV, 1980, R.
On the solutions of the Cartan equation in Metric Affine Gravity
The time to heal one defect, τ1 , however, changes as well. τ1 is proportional to the time it takes to travel across the spreading cone ξ , times the probability to hit a defect while doing so, which is proportional to ξ d /Nd .
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
If M /(P ′ + V ) would contain a module from q as a submodule, then its inverse image under the pro jection M /V → M /(P ′ + V ) would have non-negative defect (being an extension of the module (P ′ + V )/V ≃ P of defect −1 by a module of positive defect).
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
If we assume that P ′ /f (P ) does not belong to t, then P ′/f (P ) has a submodule of positive defect and its inverse image in P ′ would yield a non-zero submodule of non-negative defect, impossible.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
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