• A wrought-iron trammel used for hanging a pot from a fireplace crane. The adjustable hook made it possible to raise or lower the pot
    A wrought-iron trammel used for hanging a pot from a fireplace crane. The adjustable hook made it possible to raise or lower the pot
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v crane stretch (the neck) so as to see better "The women craned their necks to see the President drive by"
    • n crane large long-necked wading bird of marshes and plains in many parts of the world
    • n crane lifts and moves heavy objects; lifting tackle is suspended from a pivoted boom that rotates around a vertical axis
    • n Crane a small constellation in the southern hemisphere near Phoenix
    • n Crane United States poet (1899-1932)
    • n Crane United States writer (1871-1900)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Fox and the Crane The Fox and the Crane
The Geese and the Cranes The Geese and the Cranes
Crane-fly (Tipula oleracea) and larva Crane-fly (Tipula oleracea) and larva

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Clarence Crane the inventor of "Crane's Peppermint Life Savers" sold his rights to the popular candy for less than three thousand dollars.
    • Crane (Naut) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc., -- generally used in pairs. See Crotch, 2.
    • Crane A machine for raising and lowering heavy weights, and, while holding them suspended, transporting them through a limited lateral distance. In one form it consists of a projecting arm or jib of timber or iron, a rotating post or base, and the necessary tackle, windlass, etc.; -- so called from a fancied similarity between its arm and the neck of a crane See Illust. of Derrick.
    • n Crane A measure for fresh herrings, -- as many as will fill a barrel.
    • Crane A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.
    • Crane (Zoöl) A wading bird of the genus Grus, and allied genera, of various species, having a long, straight bill, and long legs and neck.
    • Crane An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace, for supporting kettles, etc., over a fire.
    • Crane Any arm which swings about a vertical axis at one end, used for supporting a suspended weight.
    • Crane (Zoöl) The American blue heron (Ardea herodias).
    • Crane To cause to rise; to raise or lift, as by a crane; -- with up. "What engines, what instruments are used in craning up a soul, sunk below the center, to the highest heavens.""An upstart craned up to the height he has."
    • v. i crane to reach forward with head and neck, in order to see better; as, a hunter cranes forward before taking a leap. "The passengers eagerly craning forward over the bulwarks."
    • Crane To stretch, as a crane stretches its neck; as, to crane the neck disdainfully.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Whooping cranes are born with blue eyes that change to bright gold by the time they six months old
    • n crane A large grallatorial bird with very long legs and neck, a long straight bill with pervious nostrils near its middle, the head usually naked, at least in part, the hind toe elevated, and the inner secondaries usually enlarged; any bird of the family Gruidæ. There are about 15 closely similar species, found in many parts of the world, most of them included in the genus Grus. The common crane of Europe is G. cinerea; it is about 4 feet long. (See cut under Grus.) The common American or sand-hill crane is G. canadensis. A statelier and larger species is the whooping crane, G. americana, which is white, with black primaries. The gigantic crane of Asia is G. leucogeranus, and a common Indian crane is G. antigone. The wattled crane of South Africa is Grus (Bugeranus) carunculata. The crown-crane, or crowned crane, is of the genus Balearica. The Numidian crane, or demoiselle, and the Stanley crane are elegant species of the genus Anthropoides.
    • n crane Popularly and erroneously, one of sundry very large grallatorial birds likened to cranes, as herons and storks. Thus, the great blue heron of North America (Ardea herodias) is popularly known as the blue crane; and the name gigantic crane has been erroneously given to the adjutant-bird.
    • n crane The constellation Grus (which see).
    • n crane Same as crinet, 1.
    • crane To be stretched out like the neck of a crane.
    • crane Hence In hunting, to look before one leaps; pull up at a dangerous jump.
    • crane To stretch or bend (the neck) like a crane: as, he craned his neck to see what was on the other side of the pillar.
    • n crane A machine for moving weights, having two motions, one a direct lift and the other horizontal. The latter may be circular, radial, or universal. The parts of the simple crane are an upright post having a motion on its vertical axis, a jib or swinging arm jointed at its lower end to the post and tied to the post at its outer or upper end, and hoisting tackle connecting the motive power at the foot of the post with the load to be lifted, which is suspended from the end of the jib. Cranes are, however, made in a variety of forms, differing more or less from this type. Thus, a rotary crane is a crane in which the jib has simply a rotary motion about the axis of the post, moving with the post; a traveling crane is a crane in which the load can be given successively two horizontal motions at right angles with each other. Rotary cranes, again, have several forms, as that in which the load is suspended from the end of the jib, and the more complex kind, in which the load is suspended from a carriage that travels on a horizontal arm at the top of the jib, and gives the load a movement along the radius of the circle formed by the rotation of the jib. Another minor type is the derrick-crane, which employs guys to hold the post in position. Walking and locomotive cranes are portable forms, which are also called traveling cranes. Cranes are operated by any kind of power and with any form of hoisting apparatus suited to the work to be done. See also cut under abutment-crane.
    • n crane A machine for weighing goods, constructed on the principle of the preceding. Such machines are common in market-towns in Ireland. See craner.
    • n crane An iron arm or beam attached to the back or side of a fireplace and hinged so as to be movable horizontally, used for supporting pots or kettles over a fire.
    • n crane pl. Naut., supports of iron or timber at a vessel's side for stowing boats or spars upon.
    • n crane A siphon or bent pipe for drawing liquor out of a cask.
    • crane To cause to rise as by a crane: followed by up.
    • n crane Same as cran.
    • n crane A crane mounted upon a car and fitted to run or traverse on a railway laid upon the ground, and either self-propelling or driven by a locomotive.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name "cranberry" comes from German and Dutch settlers. The berry was intially called "crane berry." The reason it was called this was because when the flowers bloom, the petals of the flowers twist backwards and look very much like the head of a crane. Eventually the name was shortened down to be "cranberry."
    • n Crane krān a large wading bird, with long legs, neck, and bill: a bent pipe for drawing liquor out of a cask: a machine for raising heavy weights—both named from their likeness to the bird
    • v.t Crane to raise with a crane
    • v.i Crane to stretch out the neck: to pull up before a jump
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. cran,; akin to D. & LG. craan, G. kranich, krahn,this in sense 2), Gr. ge`ranos, L. grus, W. & Armor. garan, OSlav. zeravĭ, Lith. gerve, Icel. trani, Sw. trana, Dan. trane,. √24. Cf. Geranium


In literature:

Designed by Mr. Walter Crane.
"Handbook of Embroidery" by L. Higgin
Cranes and herons, white, crimson, carnation, perched on the banks.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
Here a crane is fixed for hoisting in stores.
"A Yacht Voyage Round England" by W.H.G. Kingston
Joe craned his neck, and then he was ashamed to gawk.
"Space Platform" by Murray Leinster
"The Fables of Phædrus" by Phaedrus
Mr. Crane's verselets are illustrated by some Bradley pictures, which are badly drawn, in bad taste, and come with bad grace.
"A Collection of Stories, Reviews and Essays" by Willa Cather
I see you are acquainted with Miss Crane.
"The Dragon's Secret" by Augusta Huiell Seaman
Mrs. Kate J. Crane, Danville, Ill. Prof. Helen C. Morgan, A.M., Nashville.
"The American Missionary - Volume 52, No. 1, March, 1898" by Various
However, though I gave Crane's boys no hint, I'll show you what I've been figuring on.
"Prescott of Saskatchewan" by Harold Bindloss
The money paid for the use of a wharf crane.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth

In poetry:

I KNOW you, Crane:
I, too, have waited,
Waited until my heart
Melted to little pools around my feet!
"Crane" by Padraic Colum
Five mair miles ower yonder hill
Bluer to-day nor a girt crane's hill,
To trystin' brig in Halton Gill,
Well done, my Jerry, well done!
"T' Lass to her Galloway* "Jerry"" by Dorothy Una Ratcliffe
Oh, beautiful! that rainbow span,
O'er dim Crane-neck was bended;
One bright foot touched the eastern hills,
And one with ocean blended.
"The Exiles. 1660" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Cranes among the reeds
Standing by the water's edge:
The gusting wind has
Brought near, and not retrieved
These whitecaps, or so it seems.
"Cranes among the reeds" by Ki no Tsurayuki
And frisking in the stream below
The troutlets make the circles flow,
And the hungry crane doth watch them grow
As a smoker does his rings.
"Behind the Closed Eye" by Francis Ledwidge
There, where the tapering cranes sweep round,
And great wheels turn, and trains roar by
Like strong, low-headed brutes of steel —
There is my world, my home; yet why
"On A Ruined Farm Near The 'His Master's Voice Gramophone Factory'" by George Orwell

In news:

R.I, has reached the final design phase for an 80 ft x 34 ft x 5 ft pedestal crane barge (or floating crane) design for the New York Power Authority, ( NYPA ).
Mobile Cranes Aid Barge Offload.
Recently, two Grove cranes were central to a smooth barge offload at an industrial facility.
Drivers on I-80 in San Pablo this morning had a tougher commute after a big-rig hauling a crane smashed tore concrete chunks out of a pedestrian overpass.
The artist Vik Muniz turned two million paper cranes into one symbol of strength for Japanese earthquake victims.
Crane 3d, 86, Papermaker Executive.
Winthrop Murray Crane 3d, a retired executive of the papermaker Crane & Company, and a lifelong supporter of the Red Cross and other charities, died on June 28 at his home in Dalton, Mass.
One of the oldest names in papermaking, Crane & Co.
One of the oldest names in papermaking , Crane & Co.
Whooping Cranes take a pass through Georgia.
Jessica Crane 2 days 12 hrs ago.
Worker training and crane assembly cited as deficient.
A man works in front of cranes at an industrial area in Tokyo October 30, 2012 REUTERS/Toru Hanai.
Longfellow and Crane Added to Poets' Corner.
Titan Salvage has safely removed the partially submerged Washington Gantry crane and other navigational hazards from Port-au-Prince , Haiti, for the US Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM).

In science:

Crane, Louis, and Frenkel, Igor, Four dimensional topological quantum field theory, Hopf categories, and canonical basis, J.
Structures and Diagrammatics of Four Dimensional Topological Lattice Field Theories
Crane, L., Kauffman, L.H., and Yetter, D., Evaluating the Crane-Yetter Invariant, in: Quantum Topology, Series on Knots and Everything, vol. 3, eds.
Structures and Diagrammatics of Four Dimensional Topological Lattice Field Theories
Crane, Louis, and Yetter, David, On algebraic structures implicit in topological quantum field theories, Preprint, KSU, 1995.
Structures and Diagrammatics of Four Dimensional Topological Lattice Field Theories
Crane, Louis, and Yetter, David, Examples of Categorification, Preprint, q-alg/9607028.
Structures and Diagrammatics of Four Dimensional Topological Lattice Field Theories
This idea has actually emerged in two different contexts, first in work by Louis Crane on the relationship of topological quantum field theory (TQFT) to loop quantum gravity[63 ] and then in the papers of t Hooft and Susskind.
Towards a background independent approach to M theory