• WordNet 3.6
    • n consul a diplomat appointed by a government to protect its commercial interests and help its citizens in a foreign country
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Historians report that the Roman Emperor Gaius (Caligula) (AD 37-41) was so proud of his horse that he gave him a place as a senate consul before he died.
    • Consul A senator; a counselor. "Many of the consuls , raised and met,
      Are at the duke's already."
      "With kings and consuls of the earth."
    • Consul An official commissioned to reside in some foreign country, to care for the commercial interests of the citizens of the appointing government, and to protect its seamen.
    • Consul (Fr. Hist) One of the three chief magistrates of France from 1799 to 1804, who were called, respectively, first, second, and third consul.
    • Consul (Rom. Antiq) One of the two chief magistrates of the republic.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n consul One of the two chief magistrates of the ancient Roman republic, annually chosen in the Campus Martius. In the first ages of Rome they were both elected from patrician or noble families, but about 367 b. c. the people obtained the privilege of electing one of the consuls from among themselves, and sometimes both were plebeians. The office of consul was retained under the empire, but was confined chiefly to judicial functions, the presidency of the senate, and the charge of public games, and was ultimately stripped of all power, though remaining the highest distinction of a subject; it was often assumed by thy emperors, and finally disappeared in the sixth century a. d.
    • n consul In French history, the title given to the three supreme magistrates of the French republic after the dissolution of the Directory in 1799. Napoleon Bonaparte had the title of first consul, and his colleagues were Cambacéres and Lebrun. The first consul was the chief executive; he promulgated laws, named members of council of state, ministers, and ambassadors, etc., the second and third consuls having only a deliberative voice. By popular vote Napoleon was chosen consul for life August 2d, 1802, and by a vote of the senate, May 18th, 1804, consular government was abolished, and he was proclaimed emperor.
    • n consul In international law, an agent appointed and commissioned by a sovereign state to reside in a foreign city or town, to protect the interests of its citizens and commerce there, and to collect and forward information on industrial and economic matters. He does not usually represent his government as a diplomatic agent in any sense.
    • n consul A senator of Venice.
    • n consul Formerly, in southern France and Catalonia, a municipal magistrate.
    • n consul Formerly, within the foreign colony or settlement of a town, the representative chief of the merchants and their intermediary with the local government.
    • n consul A local representative of a cyclists' touring club.
    • consul To submit (an invoice) for certification to the consul of a country to which goods are consigned.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Consul kon′sul one of the two chief-magistrates in the Roman republic: one commissioned to reside in a foreign country as an agent for, or representative of, a government
    • n Consul a man of consular rank
    • ***


  • John Randolph
    John Randolph
    “Never were abilities so much below mediocrity so well rewarded; no, not when Caligulas horse was made Consul.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., prob. fr. consulere, to deliberate. See Consult


In literature:

I go to the consul now direc'ly; make him a-stob you!
"The Valley of the Kings" by Marmaduke Pickthall
Certificate of British Consul in Madeira.
"Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period" by Various
He whispered to us that he had seen the English Consul, Mr. Douglas, and told him about our case.
"Trapped in 'Black Russia'" by Ruth Pierce
You know O'Connor told us to call for our consul if we got into trouble.
"A Voyage with Captain Dynamite" by Charles Edward Rich
These officials were afterwards called Consuls, and were given ruling power in Rome.
"Historic Tales, Volume 11 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
He was shown on to a balcony where the Vice-Consul sat with his Spanish wife and daughter at a table laid with wine and fruit.
"Brandon of the Engineers" by Harold Bindloss
If there be a resident consul, the vice-consul is appointed and paid by him.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Laurin, the Austrian Consul, with whom they saw the Prussian Consul.
"Diaries of Sir Moses and Lady Montefiore, Volume I" by Sir Moses Montefiore
Scipio was at this time informed that the consul Tib.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 1 of 8" by Various
The worthy consul did his best to embellish the days of our sojourn with pleasurable episodes.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 61, No. 380, June, 1847" by Various

In poetry:

Precosia, filled with fear,
now makes her way to that house
beyond the tall green pines
where the English consul lives.
"The Gypsy And The Wind" by Federico Garcia Lorca
Then, to my FELLOW-CONSULS, next,
I leave their titled bubble—
To TALLEYRAND, this wholesome text,
"A man is born to trouble!"
"Buonaparte's Will" by Thomas Stott
For neither gold can lull to rest,
Nor all a Consul's guard beat off
The tumults of a troubled breast,
The cares that haunt a gilded roof.
"Horace, Book II. Ode XVI." by William Cowper
Muses of Sicily, essay we now
A somewhat loftier task! Not all men love
Coppice or lowly tamarisk: sing we woods,
Woods worthy of a Consul let them be.
"Eclogue 4: Pollio" by Publius Vergilius Maro
``Rome is the tomb of Heroes, and of Kings,
Consuls, and conquerors, and world—wide sway:
What wonder, should it silence him that sings
Before he learns what he must sing and say?
"Sacred And Profane Love" by Alfred Austin
Vain all that praetors clutched, that consuls brought
When Rome's returning legions crowned their lord;
Less than the least brave deed these hands have wrought,
We clasp, unclinching from the bloody sword.
"For The Commemoration Services" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

Former CIA Director David Petraeus testified on Capitol Hill Friday that the attack on the US Consulate in Benghazi, Libya, in September was an act of terrorism committed by al Qaeda-linked militants.
Armed men kill Moroccan honorary consul in Syrian city of Aleppo .
A burnt car in front of US consulate, after an attack that killed four Americans, including Ambassador Chris Stevens on the night of Tuesday, in Benghazi, Libya, Thursday, Sept 13, 2012.
Mohammad Hannon/AP A Libyan man investigates the inside of the US Consulate on Thursday, after an attack there that killed four Americans .
The Sept 11 attack in Benghazi targeted more than just a State Department consulate.
The US Consulate in Mumbai wants to help.
Israeli Consul General Meir Romem inspects the ancient stone box that was purported to hold the bones of James, brother of Jesus, when it was on display last year at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto.
WASHINGTON — Republicans are lashing out at President Barack Obama and senior administration officials over their evolving description of the deadly Sept 11 attack on the US Consulate in Libya.
Oct 11, 2012 — There were some sketchy claims about health care, security at the US Consulate in Libya, and other subjects.
The mystery surrounding the 9/11 terror attack on the US consulate in Benghazi continues to deepen.
The Sept 11, 2012 Benghazi, Libya terrorist attack left four Americans dead including our ambassador, destroyed our consulate, compromised sensitive information, and made America look weak.
The question to be asked about the terrorist attack on the US consulate in Benghazi is simple: Have the lessons learned three decades ago about who and what are needed to physically protect American interests overseas been forgotten.
A man looks at documents at the US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on Nov 21.
State Department personnel under attack on Sept 11 at the US consulate in Benghazi , Libya, didn't fire a single shot in their defense, according to testimony given behind closed doors to the Senate Intelligence Committee last week.
Administration officials confirmed last week the consulate was essentially a front for a much larger CIA base about a mile away.

In science:

In the present paper a generalization of Gurland distribution is obtained as a beta mixture of the generalized Poisson distribution (GPD) of Consul and Jain .
On the generalization of Gurland distribution
Consul,P.C.;Generalized Poisson distribution , New York , Dekker. 2.
On the generalization of Gurland distribution
The market crashed, and just before Wellington’s men arrived with the news of victory, Rothschild signaled his agents to buy all available consuls, at a fraction of their original price.
Causality, Knowledge and Coordination in Distributed Systems
Voting centers in Venezuelan embassies and consulates were not included in the polling. A total of 23,827 people were interviewed in these centers.
The 2004 Venezuelan Presidential Recall Referendum: Discrepancies Between Two Exit Polls and Official Results
No embassies or consulates were included in the sample. A total of 12,347 people were interviewed.
The 2004 Venezuelan Presidential Recall Referendum: Discrepancies Between Two Exit Polls and Official Results