• WordNet 3.6
    • n caul the inner membrane of embryos in higher vertebrates (especially when covering the head at birth)
    • n caul part of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and to the colon and covering the intestines
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Caul A covering of network for the head, worn by women; also, a net.
    • Caul A part of the amnion, one of the membranes enveloping the fetus, which sometimes is round the head of a child at its birth; -- called also a veil. "It is deemed lucky to be with a caul or membrane over the face. This caul is esteemed an infallible preservative against drowning . . . According to Chrysostom, the midwives frequently sold it for magic uses.""I was born with a caul , which was advertised for sale, in the newspapers, at the low price of fifteen guineas."
    • Caul (Anat) The fold of membrane loaded with fat, which covers more or less of the intestines in mammals; the great omentum. See Omentum. "The caul serves for the warming of the lower belly."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n caul In the middle ages, and down to the seventeenth century
    • n caul A net for confining the hair, worn by women.
    • n caul More rarely, a head-dress like a flat turban.
    • n caul Any kind of small net; a net.
    • n caul A popular name for a membrane investing the viscera, such as the peritoneum or part of it, or the pericardium. In anatomy, the great or gastrocolie omentum; the large loose fold of peritoneum which hangs like an apron in the abdominal cavity in front of the intestines, depending from the stomach and transverse colon.
    • n caul A portion of the amnion or membrane enveloping the fetus, which sometimes encompasses the head of a child when born. This caul was (and still is by some) supposed to betoken great prosperity for the person born with it, and to be an infallible preservative against drowning, as well as to impart the gift of eloquence. During the eighteenth century seamen often gave from 850 to 8150 for a caul.
    • n caul A form used in gluing veneers to curved surfaces. It is shaped to the exact curve or form of the piece to be veneered, and is clamped against the veneer until the glue has set.
    • n caul A stalk; stem.
    • n caul A cabbage.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Caul kawl a net or covering for the head: the membrane covering the head of some infants at their birth.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. calle, kelle, prob. fr. F. cale,; cf. Ir. calla, a veil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. cale, a little cap, prob. Celt.; cf. Ir. calla, a veil, hood.


In literature:

I was born with a caul as we say; I know that I'll never drown, so that when winds crack I feel safe in the most staggering ship.
"Gilian The Dreamer" by Neil Munro
The Lord Marnell is a noble gentleman, and will find thee in silken tissues and golden cauls.
"Mistress Margery" by Emily Sarah Holt
UMBILICAL HERNIA is the passing of any portion of the bowel or omentum ("caul") through the navel, forming a "tumor" at this point.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
It is fastened on her head by a caul sewn into the inside.
"A Tramp's Wallet stored by an English goldsmith during his wanderings in Germany and France" by William Duthie
Let the caul remain till it is almost done, then take it off to brown it; baste, flour, and froth it.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
Still there was luck in the caul, gentlemen (continued the little man in the bright yellow waistcoat), as you shall hear.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland, Volume VI" by Various
Sew up the liver, lard or wrap it in a veal caul, and put it to the fire.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Roast or bake it with a caul over it.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
Caul, its derivation, 557.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
Tuberculosis of lymph gland and of omentum (caul).
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture

In poetry:

They're aye i' my e'e, an' they're aye i' my gate—
At the kirk I am chirtit maist oot o' my seat;
Whan caul', tae the ingle I needna gae ben,
If Kate an' her crinoline's on the fire-en'.
"Crinoline" by Janet Hamilton
Noo grannie sleeps soun' in the caul' bed o' death;
On dear Davie's bosom she drew her last breath.
Again he's on travel; may God be his guide;
Bless a' his sair labours, protect an' provide!
"Grannie Mirk: A Stirling Grannie" by Janet Hamilton
He sat by her bed, an' he sat a' alane,
Her caul' haun in his, till the breath it was gane,
Whan grannie cam' in: she had aften been there
To help them, an' tend them, an' cheer their despair.
"Grannie's Tale: A Ballad o'Memorie" by Janet Hamilton
But that's no the warst o't: he ance had a min'
That was mensefu' an' truthfu', an' honest an' kin',
But it's drink, O it's drink—a' gudeness is gane,
An' his heart is as caul' an' hard as a stane.
"Neebour Johnnie's Complaint" by Janet Hamilton
Conar was mighty in war. Caul
was the friend of strangers. His gates
were open to all; midnight darkened
not on his barred door. Both lived upon
the sons of the mountains. Their bow
was the support of the poor.
"Fragment IX" by James Macpherson
All all and all the dry worlds couple,
Ghost with her ghost, contagious man
With the womb of his shapeless people.
All that shapes from the caul and suckle,
Stroke of mechanical flesh on mine,
Square in these worlds the mortal circle.
"All All And All" by Dylan Thomas

In news:

Sear each steak in a hot cast iron skillet, then wrap in caul fat, pancetta or bacon.
The rigid risers make excellent clamping cauls.