• Settlers trading with the Indians—bartering casting counters and other trade goods for furs. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
    Settlers trading with the Indians—bartering casting counters and other trade goods for furs. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n caste in some social insects (such as ants) a physically distinct individual or group of individuals specialized to perform certain functions in the colony
    • n caste a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth
    • n caste (Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; stratified according to ritual purity
    • n caste social status or position conferred by a system based on class "lose caste by doing work beneath one's station"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Brass casting counters excavated on Jamestown Island. Many were made in Germany before 1575 for use by merchants on counting boards. In the New World they were used for the Indian trade Brass casting counters excavated on Jamestown Island. Many were made in Germany before 1575 for use by merchants on...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: At one time, there was a law in India that forbade lower-caste people from casting their shadows on a member of the Brahman (the upper class).
    • Caste A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly hold intercourse among themselves. "The tinkers then formed an hereditary caste ."
    • Caste One of the hereditary classes into which the Hindu are divided according to the laws of Brahmanism.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Texas is the only state that allows its residents to cast absentee ballots from space. This is because the Houston Space Center is home to most of the United States' astronauts.
    • caste A Middle English variant of chaste.
    • n caste One of the artificial divisions or social classes into which the Hindus are rigidly separated according to the religious law of Brahmanism, and of which the privileges or disabilities are transmitted by inheritance. The principal castes are four in number: 1st, the Brahmans, or the sacerdotal caste; 2d, the Kshatriyas, modern Rajputs, or military caste; 3d, the Vaisyas, or husbandmen and merchants, who have now in many districts become merged in the second and fourth castes; 4th, the Sudras, or laborers and mechanics. The Brahmans are supposed to have sprung from the mouth of Brahma, the Kshatriyas from his arms, the Vaisyas from his belly and thighs, and the Sudras from his feet. The Brahman represents religion; the Kshatriya, war; the Vaisya, commerce and wealth; and the Sudra, labor. There are many subdivisions of caste, and although the Sudras are degraded far below the Brahmans, Kshatriyas, and Vaisyas, there are reckoned thirty-six subdivisions lower than the Sudras. Lowest of all are the Pariahs, who are supposed to be of no caste, and mere outcasts from humanity. Of the castes, the first three are the natural and gradually established divisions of the Aryan invaders and conquerors of India; the fourth was made up of the subjugated aborigines. The Sanskrit name for caste is varna, color, the different castes having been at first marked by differences of complexion, according to race, and in some degree according to occupation and consequent exposure. Besides the original castes, numerous mixed classes or castes have sprung up in the progress of time, and are dependent upon trade, occupation, or profession; in fact, the essential principle in the system of caste is the confining of employments to hereditary classes. Castes are, according to Indian social standards, either “high” or “low.” The same term is also used of somewhat similar classes in other countries.
    • n caste Hence A division of society, or the principle of grading society, according to external conditions; a class or grade separated from others by differences of wealth, hereditary rank or privileges, or by profession or employment.
    • n caste In entomology, any one of the distinct forms found among the polymorphic social insects, especially the true ants and the white ants or termites.
    • n caste Same as half-caste.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolokol in the Kremlin in Moscow. It’s 20’ 2” high and 21’ 8” in diameter. Cast in 1735, it weighs 222.56 tons and has never been wrung. It cracked before it was installed.
    • n Caste käst a term applied chiefly to distinct classes or sections of society in India, and, in a modified sense, to social distinctions of an exclusive nature among other nations
    • ***


  • Malabar Proverb
    Malabar Proverb
    “Anger is as a stone cast into a wasp's nest.”
  • Italian Proverb
    Italian Proverb
    “A little man often cast a long shadow.”
  • Grant M. Bright
    Grant M. Bright
    “How long after you are gone will ripples remain as evidence that you were cast into the pool of life?”
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    “The freeman, casting with unpurchased hand the vote that shakes the turrets of the land.”
  • Bible
    “Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shall find it after many days.”
  • Bible
    “The lot is cast into the heap, but the whole disposing there of is of the Lord.”


Cast a long shadow - Something or someone that casts a long shadow has considerable influence on other people or events.
Cast aspersion - If you cast aspersion, you try to blacken someone's name and make people think badly of them.
Cast doubt on - If you make other people not sure about a matter, then you have cast doubt on it.
Cast iron stomach - A person with a cast iron stomach can eat or drink anything without any ill effects.
Cast pearls before swine - If you cast pearls before swine, you offer something of value to someone who doesn't appreciate it- 'swine' are 'pigs'.
Cast sheep's eyes at - If you cast sheep's eyes at at someone, you look lovingly or with longing at them.
Cast your mind back - If somebody tells you to cast your mind back on something, they want you to think about something that happened in the past, but which you might not remember very well, and to try to remember as much as possible.
Cast your net widely - If you cast your net widely, you use a wide range of sources when trying to find something.
Casting vote - The casting vote is a vote given to a chairman or president that is used when there is a deadlock.
Die is cast - If the die is cast, a decision has been made that cannot be altered and fate will decide the consequences.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Pg. casta, race, lineage, fr. L. castus, pure, chaste: cf. F. caste, of same origin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A name given by the Portuguese to the classes of people in India; Port. casta, breed, race.—L. castus, pure, unmixed.


In literature:

This cast-iron road was denominated a "plate-way," from the plate-like form in which the rails were cast.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
Adele resented what she knew to be a slight cast upon her dead mother's memory, but she did not speak.
"The Silver Lining" by John Roussel
High-caste Hindus use it in speaking to low-caste people, in order to emphasise their own superior position.
"India and the Indians" by Edward F. Elwin
Light is cast here upon the bondage to Satan by which our nature, entangled in sins, is oppressed.
"Commentary on Genesis, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
The most interesting of the casts is that of two women, probably mother and daughter, lying feet to feet.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
The Puritans boasted that the unclean spirit was cast out.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
It is the custom of most of the higher-caste Hindus to cremate their dead; while many of the lowest castes and outcasts resort to burial.
"India, Its Life and Thought" by John P. Jones
Caste and the Sentiments of Caste Reflected in Popular Speech.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
The big gray hound rose and followed, casting a hostile look at Daoud.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Whenever I made a cast with one of these a big fish would hit it and either strip the hooks off or break my tackle.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey

In poetry:

Soon I was near my lofty home,
But when I cast my eye
Upon that flower so fair and lone
Why did I heave a sigh?
"Verses" by Anne Bronte
It was not in the Winter
Our loving lot was cast;
It was the time of roses—
We pluck’d them as we pass’d!
"Time of Roses" by Thomas Hood
The fisher in the lake below
Durst never cast his net,
Nor ever swallow in its waves
Her passing wings would wet.
"Donica - A Ballad" by Robert Southey
If he is God to the incomplete,
Fulfilling lack and need,
Then I may cast before his feet
A half-word or half-deed.
"The Disciple" by George MacDonald
As the weary traveller sees
In desert or prairie vast,
Blue lakes, overhung with trees
That a pleasant shadow cast;
"Fata Morgana. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The Third)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Thou art our kind Preserver, from
The cradle to the tomb;
And I was cast upon thy care,
Ev'n from my mother's womb.
"Trust in Providence" by John Logan

In news:

Heat a cast iron skillet over high heat until very hot.
Christina Hendricks also cast in boxing pic.
Cast members celebrated with an evening Gala at Hudson Terrace.
It's high noon for The Simpsons and it appears the voice cast has blinked .
Meet the Cast of 'The Simpsons'.
There he is, Paul Bristow, cocking his head, compelling you to cast off the grumps, wearing a fright wig, kicking up a leg.
The cast give hints at what's in store starting July 15.
As Indiana Republicans celebrate their newly expanded power and plan how to wield it, Hoosier Democrats are seeking a way back from the wilderness into which voters cast them last week.
'Private Practice' Bloopers : The Cast Plays 'What's That Line'.
The leaves have the same blue cast, but the plant is quite a bit larger than last year's plants.
Thousands cast ballots in first week of early voting.
For the first time this year, a "no" vote was cast.
The term is short for bourgeois and bohemian, two social castes no one ever expected to find mixed up together.
A casting call will take place at Vanity Nightclub inside the Hard Rock on Thursday, November 29 and Friday, November 30 from 11 am to 6 p.m.
Real Housewives cast members catch finale in D.C.

In science:

At energies higher than 10 keV, focusing is technologically very hard to archieve. A workaround are coded mask imagers, where a position sensitive detector records the shadow of a mask pattern cast by the sources under investigation.
Coded mask imaging of extended sources with Gaussian random fields
Coded mask cameras observe a source by recording the shadow cast by the mask onto the detector.
Coded mask imaging of extended sources with Gaussian random fields
We have therefore to keep the charge Q in the exponent, instead of casting it into a power series.
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
The approach of Derriennic and Lin is more abstract and powerful, cast in the framework of Banach space contractions, and ultimately produces stronger results.
An almost sure invariance principle for random walks in a space-time random environment
Darcy’s law, etc., are cast in the form of stochastic equations and solved as such directly.
Equation-free, multiscale computation for unsteady random diffusion