capillarity

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n capillarity a phenomenon associated with surface tension and resulting in the elevation or depression of liquids in capillaries
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Capillarity (Physics) The peculiar action by which the surface of a liquid, where it is in contact with a solid (as in a capillary tube), is elevated or depressed; capillary attraction.
    • Capillarity The quality or condition of being capillary.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n capillarity The state or condition of being capillary; capillary attraction.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Capillarity a name given to certain phenomena which appear when open tubes, having a very small bore, are placed in vessels containing liquids—e.g., if placed in water, the level of the water in the tube will be above that of the general surface
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. capillarité,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. capillariscapillus, hair, akin to caput, the head, akin to Eng. Head.

Usage

In literature:

If the soil body is deep, water will gradually come up from below the root zone by capillarity.
"Gardening Without Irrigation: or without much, anyway" by Steve Solomon
The tube, CB, Figure 4, has the same bore as the measuring tube in order to avoid corrections for capillarity.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 303" by Various
The velocity of the current of air likewise facilitates the action of capillarity by carrying the oil to the top of the wick.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 458, October 11, 1884" by Various
P. Capillare is an annual, suitable for bouquets or edgings; it is increased by seed.
"Gardening for the Million" by Alfred Pink
On account of capillarity, there remains a drop in B; and of this we read the height, say 6 mm.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 561, October 2, 1886" by Various
Its place is taken by water brought from below by capillarity.
"The First Book of Farming" by Charles L. Goodrich
The oil must be of such physical characteristics as to be drawn up to the burner by capillarity from the reservoir which is situated below.
"Artificial Light" by M. Luckiesh
Through this water is conducted by capillarity as well as in the cell cavities.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
The reaction is one of great chemical interest, being one of that class of reactions which is greatly affected by capillarity.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
Note the rise of the water due to capillarity.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
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In news:

Channeled fibers, with their increased capillarity, offer interesting possibilities for enhancing a textile's performance.
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In science:

This is typically the case for capillarity phenomena in fluids or mixtures of fluids in which interfacial zones are transition layers between phases or layers between fluids and solid walls.
The d'Alembert-lagrange principle for gradient theories and boundary conditions
As examples, we revisit the case of Laplace theory of capillarity and the case of van der Waals fluids.
The d'Alembert-lagrange principle for gradient theories and boundary conditions
The Laplace theory of capillarity in fluids refers to the model (S .1 ).
The d'Alembert-lagrange principle for gradient theories and boundary conditions
Capillarity-driven assembly of two-dimensional cellular carbon nanotube foams.
Deformation of a free interface pierced by a tilted cylinder
Discussion Notes: More (and last remarks) on the debate on capillarity.
Slip or not slip? A methodical examination of the interface formation model using two-dimensional droplet spreading on a horizontal planar substrate as a prototype system
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